alloys, cancer, captured regulator, clean water, corruption, dangers of nuclear, dry storage, environment, exemptions, Fuel cladding, fuel failure, Fuel rod failure, Fukushima, HBU, high burnup nuclear fuel, high burnup SNP, hydrides, legal exemptions, M5, materials, North Anna Nuclear, NRC, nuclear, nuclear accident, nuclear disaster, nuclear energy, nuclear fuel, nuclear industry, nuclear power, nuclear reactors, nuclear safety, nuclear waste, Nuclear waste transportation, NUREG 2224, regulatory capture, risk management, Rules, Spent Fuel, US, US NRC, USA, zircaloy, ZIRLO
This is a life and death important topic for future generations, as well as our own. And, the US NRC has given less than 2 months to comment on a 129 page document. Only 2 people have commented. Many have not heard. Please comment, spread the word, and ask for an extension to this deadline. We put some related information and the link for comments below. It’s easy and can be anonymous. You can, for instance, read a piece of the document and comment on that, while asking for an extension.
Introduction Loads on Fuel Rods, Billone 2013
HBU is High Burnup Nuclear Fuel.
“Dry Storage and Transportation of High Burnup Spent Nuclear Fuel
This Notice document was issued by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Action Draft NUREG; request for comment.
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is issuing for public comment a draft NUREG, NUREG-2224, “Dry Storage and Transportation of High Burnup Spent Nuclear Fuel.” The draft NUREG provides technical background information applicable to high burnup spent nuclear fuel (HBU SNF), provides an engineering assessment of recent NRC-sponsored mechanical testing of HBU SNF, and proposes example approaches for licensing and certification of HBU SNF in transportation and dry storage.
Submit comments on the draft NUREG-2224 by September 24, 2018. Comments received after this date will be considered if it is practical to do so, but the NRC is able to ensure consideration only for comments received on or before this date… Comment on document here: https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=NRC-2018-0066-0001 https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=NRC-2018-0066 (Comment is easy and can be anonymous.)
Introduction: Circumferential and Radial Hydrides in HBU Cladding Billone 2013
See original pdf and the rest of the document here: https://sanonofresafety.org/2014/01/08/high-burnup-fuel-fact-sheet-2/
Clearly, Areva’s M5 cladding does not perform the same as Zircaloy or ZIRLO. It may be similar, but it’s not the same. M5 – green dots – fails in fewer cycles and at lower strain amplitude, according to this small sampling. So does M5 red triangles (with MOX). This is from a 2016 presentation. Like Surry which just got an exemption, North Anna has PWRs (Pressurized Nuclear Reactors), though the Surry ones are much older. HB Robinson has a PWR, but Limerick has BWRs.
“CIRFT Testing of High Burnup Used Nuclear Fuel from PWR and BWRs“, by J.-A. Wang, H. Wang, H. Jiang, Y. Yan, B. Bevard Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2016 Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board February 17, 2016 Knoxville, TN: http://www.nwtrb.gov/meetings/2016/feb/bevard.pdf
“Ductile-to-Brittle Transition Temperatures for High-Burnup PWR Cladding Alloys” Mike Billone and Yung Liu Argonne National Laboratory U.S. NWTRB Winter Meeting November 20, 2013