Mazurek Dąbrowskiego, Nation of Poland, partitions of Poland-Lithuania, Poland, Poland’s National Anthem, Polish freedom, Polish Independence, Polish legions, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Pomerania, Pomeranian nobility, Russian Empire, Russian imperialism, Wybicki, Year of Wybicki
Poland.pl @Poland “225 years ago Dąbrowski’s Mazurka was publicly performed for the first time. The greatest work of Józef #Wybicki, which was later adopted as Poland’s national anthem, accompanies Poles during ceremonies and national holidays. 2022 was declared the Year of Wybicki by the Sejm.” https://twitter.com/Poland/status/1549693608818888704
Russia has been an imperialist power longer than the United States has existed. Its neighbors have had every reason to be worried and every reason to join NATO: “The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia, was an empire that extended across Eurasia from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Empire
“The Third Partition of Poland (1795) was the last in a series of the Partitions of Poland–Lithuania and the land of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth among Prussia, the Habsburg monarchy, and the Russian Empire which effectively ended Polish–Lithuanian national sovereignty until 1918…”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Partition_of_Poland
““Mazurek Dąbrowskiego” (Polish pronunciation: [maˈzurɛɡ dɔmbrɔfˈskʲɛɡɔ] “Dąbrowski’s Mazurka”), in English officially known by its incipit “Poland Is Not Yet Lost”, is the national anthem of Poland.
The lyrics were written by Józef Wybicki in Reggio Emilia, Cisalpine Republic in Northern Italy, between 16 and 19 July 1797, two years after the Third Partition of Poland erased the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from the map. It was originally meant to boost the morale of Polish soldiers serving under General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski’s Polish Legions that served with Napoleon’s French Revolutionary Army in the Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars. “Dąbrowski’s Mazurka”, expressing the idea that the nation of Poland, despite lacking an independent state of their own, had not disappeared as long as the Polish people were still alive and fighting in its name, soon became one of the most popular patriotic songs in Poland.
The music is an unattributed mazurka and considered a “folk tune” that Polish composer Edward Pałłasz categorizes as “functional art” which was “fashionable among the gentry and rich bourgeoisie”. Pałłasz wrote, “Wybicki probably made use of melodic motifs he had heard and combined them in one formal structure to suit the text”.
When Poland re-emerged as an independent state in 1918, “Dąbrowski’s Mazurka” became its de facto national anthem. It was officially adopted as the national anthem of Poland in 1926. It also inspired similar songs by other peoples struggling for independence during the 19th century, such as the Ukrainian national anthem and the song “Hej, Sloveni” which was used as the national anthem of socialist Yugoslavia during that state’s existence….
“Poland has not yet perished,
So long as we still live.
What the foreign force has taken from us,
We shall with sabre retrieve.
—𝄆 Poland has not yet perished,
—From Italy to Poland.
—Under your command
—We shall rejoin the nation. 𝄆
We’ll cross the Vistula,
we’ll cross the Warta,
We shall be Polish.
Bonaparte has given us the example
Of how we should prevail.
Like Czarniecki to Poznań
After the Swedish annexation,
To save our homeland,
We shall return across the sea.
A father, in tears,
Says to his Basia
Listen, our boys are said
To be beating the tarabans.
[English translation]. Read more here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland_Is_Not_Yet_Lost
“Józef Rufin Wybicki (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjuzɛv vɨˈbit͡skʲi]; 29 September 1747 – 10 March 1822) was a Polish nobleman, jurist, poet, political and military activist of Kashubian descent. He is best remembered as the author of “Mazurek Dąbrowskiego” (English: “Dąbrowski’s Mazurka”), which was adopted as the Polish national anthem in 1927.
Wybicki was born in Będomin, in the region of Pomerania in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. His family was Pomeranian nobility.…“ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Józef_Wybicki