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General Pulaski was one of the leading military commanders for the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth’s Bar Confederation and fought for freedom against Russia. When this uprising failed, Pulaski was forced into exile and fought in the American Revolutionary War. Pulaski saved the life of George Washington. She was fatally wounded “while leading a cavalry charge against British forces” in the Battle of Savannah Georgia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_Pulaski

This is an actual photo of Anna Henryka Pustowójtówna, alias “Michał Smok”, a soldier in the Polish January Uprising of 1863 (against Russia). We have no photos of Pulaski, because she lived before photography.

This is an old painting of General Pulaski’s father, which probably dates from his lifetime.

General Pulaski’s father Józef Pułaski (17 February 1704 – February 1769)
Józef Pułaski of the house of Ślepowron (17 February 1704 – February 1769) who was a Polish noble, starost of Warka, deputy to Sejm, one of the creators and members of the Konfederacja barska (Bar Confederation). He was the father of Casimir Pulaski, Franciszek Ksawery Pułaski and Antoni Pułaski”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Józef_Pułaski

While those drawings which portray Pulaski with a receding hairline/male pattern balding are late, they may be based on an earlier painting, believed to be from the period when General Pulaski was still alive. The mustache could be glued on or added to the drawing, based on an assumption. It is possible that she had traction alopecia (hair loss) from pulling hair back under military headgear. It is also possible that none of the paintings reflect how she really looked.

We now know that Polish General Pulaski, who died fighting for American freedom, was a woman, as was Anna Henryka Pustowójtówna, alias “Michał Smok”, soldier in the Polish January Uprising of 1863 (against Russia).

Unlike Pulaski, “Michal Smok” survived, and had four children.

And, other brave women, both known and unknown, fought for freedom in Poland and elsewhere.

The world has become so anti-biological women, that people are trying to deny that Pulaski was a real woman and call her “intersex”.

However, having a woman’s hips proves that Pulaski went through puberty and became a woman. This is called secondary sexual characteristics. The only way that Pulaski was not a woman is if there was a mixture of male and female bones.

The Romans feared the women warriors of the north, more than the men. The oldest frailest woman with only a frying pan could be a better fighter than many cowardly men.

Unfortunately they don’t include the contemporary portrait of Pulaski, and despite an extensive online search and even an online visit to the Pulaski home, we haven’t found it yet.

ASU professor, colleague uncover 200-year-old mystery from the American Revolution“ April 5, 2019: “The skeleton is about as female as can be.”
The next — and obvious — question: Was it Pulaski or someone else who had been stuck in the tomb because a skeleton was needed? Everything seemed to match. The stature, age and general body build were all correct for Pulaski. There’s one contemporary portrait of Pulaski painted from life. There’s a black smudge below his left eye. “On the skull there is a bone defect right exactly there,” Merbs said. Pulaski injured his right hand in a battle in Russia. “Sure enough; the fourth and fifth metacarpals in the right hand had fractured and had healed rather poorly, exactly where they were supposed to be,” he said… Riding a lot shows up in skeletons. Horse rider’s syndrome is a whole series of issues that affect bones, primarily in the pelvis. “That skeleton definitely showed signs of horseback riding,” Merbs said, including a new one he added to the lexicon of horse rider’s syndrome: the skeleton’s shoulder showed signs of holding arms high, as would be done holding and pulling back on reins or raising a heavy saber. (Cavalrymen killed enemies by swinging their swords directly down on the crown of their heads. Ever notice the tall bearskin caps worn by the guards at Buckingham Palace? They were designed to protect from exactly that blow.) The forehead showed an injury consistent with a wound from a blade, although Merbs couldn’t be sure…
Burns and Merbs looked at Pulaski’s genealogy and found out he had two brothers and six sisters.
Mitochondrial DNA is passed through women. Of the six sisters, only one had a child. Luckily it was a daughter. She had another daughter. Pulaski and his grandniece would share the same mitochondrial DNA…. Recently three young researchers, one of whom studied archaeology at ASU, decided to look into the mystery… The mitochondrial DNA was identical in both Pulaski and his grandniece
.” https://web.archive.org/web/20210605061701/https://news.asu.edu/20190405-discoveries-asu-bioarchaeologist-uncovers-200-year-old-mystery

The painting beside the photo of the skull is a later painting and appears to date from 1831: https://polona.pl/search/?query=Pulaski&filters=category:prints,public:1,hasTextContent:0 Pulaski skull photo: https://web.archive.org/web/20140227001717/http://www.poles.org/L_Kaz/Pulaski_21.JPG
Discussion of Pulaski death/body: https://web.archive.org/web/20220425134950/http://www.poles.org/p_body.html

Casimir (Casimira) Pulaski is remembered in many ways. In Poland, she is remembered as a man who fought for freedom on two continents, and is given the title “Soldier of Liberty.” In the United States, numerous streets, bridges, counties, and towns are named for her in honor of her aid to American forces. In Savannah, Georgia, a large monument commemorates her sacrifice fighting for the city during the American Revolution.

Above all, she is the woman who provided the American colonists with their first true legion on horseback, cementing her place as “The Father of the American Cavalry.” (Mother of the American Cavalry.)

Born on March 6, 1745, at Warka on the Pilica, Poland, she was in the middle of the child of Josef Pulaski. He came from a family of knightly traditions. The Pulaskis took part in the victorious wars by King John III Sobieski against the Turks in the 17th century.

By age 21, Casimir Pulaski proved to be a true military talent, fighting in battles across the European continent.

By 1776, Pulaski learned of America’s struggle for independence and offered her services to the cause. Pulaski arrived in Boston in July 1777. Pulaski would serve next to George Washington who appreciated Pulaski’s vast military experience. On September 15, 1777, the American congress promoted Pulaski to the rank of Brigadier General in command of cavalry.

Pulaski quickly distinguished herself at Brandywine, where she covered the retreat of Washington’s troops, preventing a total rout. Pulaski gained more success at Germantown.

In May, 1778, Pulaski began to form an independent cavalry unit that would be known as the Pulaski Legion. Comprised of Americans, German, Frenchmen, Irishmen, and Poles, the legion would see immediate action in October along the New Jersey coast. The Pulaski legion would later guard the northern border of Pennsylvania before heading south.

In May 1779, the Pulaski Legion helped defend Charleston, South Carolina against the British. The following months the legion engaged in reconnaissance and guerrilla warfare in South Carolina.

By the fall of 1779, the Pulaski Legion headed toward Savannah, Georgia in an effort to join other French and American troops in an attempt to retake Savannah from the British. In the attack on October 9, 1779, American and French forces fell short of retaking the city. Pulaski was also mortally wounded by grapeshot and would die two days later aboard the American ship Wasp on route to Charleston. Pulaski was then reported to have been buried at sea near the place where the Savannah River flows into the Atlantic.

In 1833, the new fort being constructed on Cockspur Island outside of Savannah was christened Fort Pulaski in honor of Casimir Pulaski. Last updated: April 14, 2015. Corrected to show that Pulaski was a woman: https://www.nps.gov/fopu/learn/historyculture/casimir-pulaski.htm

According to the Pulaski museum: “Fr. Makarewicz found the original baptismal certificate in 1995. It reads that the baptism had been performed in the Pulaski family home (which is known to have been located at the corner of Nowy Świat and Warecka Streets in Warsaw), without any liturgical service, and that the child had been ill, which is attested to by the Latin phrase “ob debilitatis causam” used in the text (in the other certificate found by Fr. Makarewicz, which is a literal transcription of the actual document, the infant’s weaknesses is referred to as “ob debilitatem.”) Today, some circles employ the Latin expressions connected with Casimir’s condition at the time of the baptism as an argument to suggest a problem with clearly defining the child’s sex. It must be stressed that finding information about the child’s poor health at baptism in the certificate is not unusual. There could have been dozens of reasons why the term, derived from the Latin word “debilis” to mean crippled, weak, paralyzed etc. was used, with fever being a possible factor. It should be assumed that such a baptism took place immediately after the child’s birth. Such was the opinion of Fr. Makarewicz, who assumed that the proper date and place of Casimir Pulaski’s birth is March 6, 1745, Warsaw”. https://web.archive.org/web/20211025181252/https://www.muzeumpulaski.pl/en/news/754-data-urodzenia-kazimierza-pulaskiego

This may be an early drawing of Pulaski, who died fighting for American freedom in the US State of Georgia. Most images of Pulaski date from ca 1800s-1920. This one looks more like the painting of her father. And, it could be a drawing made in Georgia before she died. No date is given, however.

Count Casimir Pulaski (1745-1779) from the Georgia Historical Society Collection, MS 1361PH.

Bar Confederacy https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclopædia_Britannica/Bar,_Confederation_of





Polski: Anna Pustowójtówna, żołnierz powstania styczniowego 1863
English: Anna Pustowójtówna, soldier in January Uprising 1863
Anna Pustowójtówna, soldier in January Uprising 1863