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Update note: Along with India, Russian “coalition forces” that are practicing joint military operations with Russia (Vostok 2022, 1 Sept. – 7 Sept. 2022) include Syria, China, Nicaragua, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, and Tajikistan. https://web.archive.org/web/20220829080608/https://tass.com/defense/1499253

India is a fake friend to the west, and that’s the most dangerous “friend” of all. This is all the more true, because of its population size and large diaspora. Just because someone smiles (and lies and maybe bribes) doesn’t make them your friend. Better a forthright enemy, than a fake friend. India is a nuclear weapons state, and if they are allowed to get long range missile systems then they will be a threat at least as big as China.

Right after doing joint exercises with the US, India starts Vostok exercises with their “steadfast friend” Russia, as well as China, Belarus, etc., on Tuesday.

The US, France, Australia, and any other western allies, doing military exercises with India poses a threat to all of NATO. While the optimist might say that India is a spy for the west, the evidence shows that India has always been allied with Moscow, so would be spying on Russia’s behalf. So many members of the US Congress are in an India caucus, it may take NATO pressure to stop the US from its suicidal military alliance with India.

Biden VP Kamala Harris’ uncle, G. Balachandran, who long advised India Ministry of Defence funded think-tank, the IDSA, bragged about India tricking the US with its nuclear weapons test in 1998. He has the profile of a spy, and not a pro-American one. He wrote for the IDSA as recently as last year. “It’s not a failure of the CIA,” said Indian nuclear researcher G. Balachandran. “It’s a matter of their intelligence being good, our deception being better.” See: “CIA searching for answers behind its India-Nuclear failure” Saturday, May 16, 1998 https://fas.org/irp/news/1998/05/may16_cia.html (Indian in this context means from India, not American Indian.) India cannot be trusted, and Kamala Harris is a national security threat for the United States and its allies. Her uncle has been like a surrogate father and his daughter lives in the DC area. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2022/04/06/us-vp-kamala-harris-pro-russian-uncle-who-bragged-about-india-deceiving-the-us-cia-on-indias-nuclear-weapons-tests-visits-kamala-in-dc-shortly-after-russia-invades-ukraine/

Kamala Harris’ uncle called Russia and India “steadfast friends” even after Russia annexed Crimea: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2020/08/21/kamala-harris-uncle-called-russia-steadfast-friends-after-russia-annexed-crimea And, India has refused to criticize Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and has no qualms about Russian energy, which funds the war.

India, China to take part in Vostok army drill; Pak troops to tour India “China has confirmed that their troops will take part in the Vostok 2022 military exercises”. 19th August 2022 https://web.archive.org/web/20220819132517/https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2022/aug/19/india-china-to-take-part-in-vostok-army-drill-pak-troops-to-tour-india-2489067.html

Chinese troops to take part in Vostok-2022 strategic drills in Russia” China Ministry of National Defense, Li Jiayao 2022-08-17 23:41:46 “Countries including India, Belarus, Tajikistan, and Mongolia will also send troops for the exercise.https://web.archive.org/web/20220818010918/http://eng.mod.gov.cn/news/2022-08/17/content_4918570.htm

INDO – US SPECIAL FORCES JOINT EXERCISE CULMINATES AT BAKLOH, HIMACHAL PRADESH” Posted On: 28 AUG 2022 2:43PM by PIB Delhi https://web.archive.org/web/20220828101122/https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1855014

Ro Khanna, whose grandfather was an India politician close to Indira Gandhi, sits on the US House Armed Services Committee which “oversees all laws pertaining to the United States military and exercises oversight on the annual national defense budget” and “is also a member the Readiness and Strategic Forces subcommittees.” He is on the House Budget Committee. He is part of the secretive (no list can be found) US House India Caucus: “Indian-American Ro Khanna named Democratic vice chair of Congressional India Caucus, Orissa Post, Dec. 17th, 2020 https://archive.vn/7pT3g The article says that Ro would “would spend hours with his grandfather listening to him.” His grandfather was close to Indira Gandhi and part of the socialist-communist faction of India’s Congress Party, which was infiltrated by the KGB. Ro Khanna wants the US and India to be in a NATO like alliance. This would give India access to military technology, which it should not have. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2020/11/02/bernie-sanders-for-president-co-chair-ro-khanna-is-pushing-for-a-nato-like-military-relationship-with-india-as-is-tulsi-gabbard-2/

Ro Khanna’s grandfather, Amarnath Vidyalankar, helped create the [India National] “Congress Forum for Socialist Action“, which influenced Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and India, and apparently led India to its pro-Soviet tilt (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). The Forum for Socialist Action was infiltrated by the Communist Party of India and one of its leading figures was recruited in 1971 by the KGB as Agent RERO for both political intelligence and as a KGB agent recruiter, according to the Mitrokhin archives. Currently China and India and Russia are all members of the very active SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Agreement). https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2020/09/03/indias-defence-minister-arrived-in-moscow-for-sco-meeting-india-and-russia-are-privileged-strategic-partners-he-remarked/


US Congressman Ro Khanna’s grandfather “Amarnath Vidyalankar with Indira Gandhi“. circa 1975, By Vshaiva, via wikimedia CC-BY-SA

Declassified in Part – Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/09 : CIA-RDP86T00586R000400490007-7
Secret
The Soviets in India: Moscow’s Major Penetration Program
Introduction–Moscow’s Special Relationship

The Soviet Union has spent substantial economic and diplomatic resources over the past three decades to cultivate and maintain a “special relationship” with India. For Moscow, India’s appeal lies in its geographic proximity, its position as the dominant power in South Asia, its potential as an Asian counterweight to China, and its leadership role in various Third World forums. The Indo-Soviet relationship one of the Soviets’ strongest with a non-Communist country- has been cemented at the government level by:

• Soviet support for India during the 1965 Pakistan war, the 1971 Bangladesh war, and Mrs. Gandhi’s Emergency Rule (1975-77).

• Soviet reliability in providing sophisticated military equipment ($7 billion since 1980) at concessional rates and with dependable supplies of spare parts, even during wartime.

• Moscow’s position as one of India’s major trading partners, based on special arrangements that allow India to purchase Soviet goods without hard currency, and its responsiveness to Indian aid requests.

• Soviet public support for India in such international bodies as the United Nations and the Nonaligned Movement and for India’s “independent foreign policy.”

Indian receptivity to Soviet initiatives has been reinforced by Indo-US discord over Washington’s support for Pakistan in the 1965 and 1971 wars, its provision of large amounts of weapons to Pakistan, and its presumed failure to restrain Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program.

Nonetheless, Moscow has not been content to rely solely on governmental ties to ensure a continuing close relationship with New Delhi. In fact, the Soviet Union has capitalized on these ties, and on Indo-US discord, to undertake a variety of overt and covert activities to try to increase its political leverage within India.

These activities are extensive and include:

exploitation of a broad network of contacts among Indian politicians, government officials, and the military; substantial funding of Indian political parties and numerous individual politicians; the manipulation of front groups to promote pro-Soviet views among the Indian elite; and a massive program to place Soviet-prepared articles in the Indian press. These activities seek not only to bolster already strong Indo-Soviet ties but also to undermine US diplomatic initiatives in India and subtly ensure continued distrust between India and Pakistan.

Soviet Presence in India

Moscow has exploited close Indo-Soviet governmental ties to establish a substantial presence in India and to develop an extensive network of personal contacts throughout Indian Government and society.

xxxxxx. more than 800 Soviets are in India in some official capacity, including diplomats, information and cultural officers, trade mission representatives, staff employees, TASS and Novosti journalists, and Aeroflot representatives. The Indian Government estimates that at any one time another 1,100 Soviet economic and military technicians work at various locations throughout India. In addition, about 10,000 Soviet tourists visit India annually
through Soviet-sponsored package tours.

Soviet intelligence officers make up a significant portion of the official presence.
the known Soviet intelligence presence among Soviet officials in India exceeds 50
officers (both KGB and GRU), and an additional 30 are suspected of being intelligence officers. Given what we know of Soviet intelligence presence else-where, we believe that the intelligence presence is substantially larger than these figures suggest.

Soviet intelligence officers call upon other Soviet Government officials in India-
such as those in the Soviet Information Department (SID), the Soviet Trade Mission, and the Soviet Cultural Center-for assistance in conducting covert activities.

Exploiting Government and Military Ties

Soviet diplomats have extensive contacts with both cabinet-level officials and the middle and upper levels of the various ministries of the central government in New Delhi. Although evidence is sparse, the Soviets, at a minimum, use this access to reinforce close Indo-Soviet governmental ties. To help maintain access, the Soviets offer Indian Government officials inducements, such as all-expense-paid trips to the USSR.

One Congress-I member of Parliament (MP) estimated that about 150 MPs had made subsidized visits to the USSR since 1980. He told a US Embassy officer that, once an MP accepts a trip, he receives offers for additional trips and invitations to attend numerous functions in New Delhi sponsored by Soviet Bloc countries.

Although the Soviets currently appear to have some-what less than the nearly unfettered access to politicians and government officials they enjoyed under Indira Gandhi, they have retained entree within the Rajiv Gandhi government. Several key officials, in- cluding cabinet ministers, ambassadors, and prominent Congress-I politicians, have been active in pro-Soviet activities and have often promoted close Indo-Soviet ties. For example, H. K. L. Bhagat and Margaret Alva, MPs and cabinet ministers, have frequently taken pro-Soviet positions and advocated closer Indo-Soviet ties. The de facto foreign minister under Indira Gandhi, G. Parthasarathi, has consistently advocated close Indo-Soviet ties and frequently shown hostility toward the United States. Although his influence has declined under Rajiv Gandhi, he still holds a high-level foreign policy position.

The Soviets have also developed substantial contacts with Indian military officers as a natural consequence of close Indo-Soviet military ties xxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxx with xxxxxx
foreigners. Nonetheless, some Indian officers are willing to meet discreetly with foreigners, including Soviets, without obtaining official permission. Discontent in the military-stemming from its recent use in maintaining domestic order, low pay levels, and a recent reduction in the status of officers relative to their civil service colleagues–provides conditions that the Soviets may be able to exploit for their own advantage.

Funding Political Parties and Politicians the Soviets are deeply involved in the Indian political process through covert contributions to the treasuries of political parties as well as to individual politicians. The Soviets direct most of their funds to the ruling Congress-I Party, the one truly national party in India and the party that has held power for 35 of India’s 38 years of independence.’ Moscow also funds several opposition parties, including the Communist Party of India (CPI)- which formerly was slavishly pro-Soviet but is becoming increasingly independent–and the more independent Communist Party of India/Marxist (CPI/M).

Today the Congress Party is known as the Congress-I (I for Indira Gandhi who split the party in an effort to gain control of it, jettisoning those factions not loyal to her).

The Congress-I Party

Soviets provide funding to Congress-I Party coffers through kickback arrangements with Indian businesses.

Although precise estimates of total Soviet funding are not available, Soviet contributions are substantial.

The Two Communist Parties

Soviet funding reaches the two Communist parties, the CPI and the CPI/M, through a combination of kickback schemes, normal business transactions, and

2 The Soviets also increased their own spending for high-level Soviet visitors to India and for Soviet propaganda in India to bolster Mrs. Gandhi’ 1984 electoral chances.

direct cash payments.’ The Soviets have also devised several special methods to fund the CPI and its associated organizations.

• Publishing house subsidies. The USSR sells Soviet books and publications at a 60- to 65-percent discount to Peoples Publishing House (PPH), an Indian company wholly owned by CPI. These Soviet-supplied materials account for three-fourths of PPH’s annual sales, which exceed 10 million rupees (about $1 million) annually. In addition, the Soviets make interest-free loans to PPH with lengthy repayment. schedules. Similar arrangements have been made with other CPI publishing houses.

• Soviet advertisements. The Soviets place advertisements in CPI journals. The amount, approximately $60,000 in 1984, is fixed annually by Moscow, but additional fees are sometimes paid for special advertisement programs.

• Visitors’ expenses. The Soviets provide both cash and airline tickets for visitors to the Soviet Union sponsored by the CPI or CPI front groups.

Buying Individual Politicians

In addition to party funding, the Soviets channel money to individual Congress- and opposition politicians through kickback arrangements and cash payments. For example,
the Soviet Embassy maintains a large reserve of rupees for various uses–including clandestine pay-ments to Congress-I politicians. Soviet officials also

* The CPI and CPI/M are two of several minor opposition parties in India. Both are in near total agreement with Moscow on internatonal issues, but-despite their Soviet funding–both parties have major differences with Moscow on Indian domestic political issues.
Moscow’s ties to the CPI have been and remain more significant than its ties to the CPI/M. The CPI/M, once strongly pro-Chinese, exercises greater independence in its relations with Moscow. The CPI/M is more independent in part because it also receives funds from Beijing and because it dominates the West Bengal Left Front government, one of only two Communist-ruled state governments in India

pass cash payments to Indian Communist Party politicians, as well as smaller amounts to a few politicians in several non-Communist opposition parties. This cash reportedly is obtained from the favorable Soviet trade balance.

Although the Soviets search broadly for potentially vulnerable and cooperative politicians, they appear to target those more likely to have major political influence-such as sitting members of Parliament and MP candidates.

xxxxxxxx as many as 40 percent of the Congress-I MPs in Mrs. Gandhi’s last government had received Soviet political contributions.

xxxxxxxxx many Congress-I politicians are also businessmen who trade with the USSR; the Soviets reportedly seek out these individuals as trading partners because they know money
from business transactions will be siphoned off for political purposes.

There is also evidence that the Soviets focus on politicians whom they expect to be rising stars in Indian politics.
xxxxxx a former Congress-I politician–who was highly ambitious and capable and who had been a possible challenger to Mrs. Gandhi–is popularly believed to have received Soviet funds and, at least for a time, took positions very favorable to Soviet interests.

While not all Indian politicians accede to Soviet financial inducements, individuals are free to “cut their own deals” with the Soviets and East Europeans. For example, a Congress-I politician noted that Mrs. Subhandra Joshi, a Congress-I candidate in 1977, lost the election that year despite 500,000 rupees (about $50,000) in financial backing from East German
(GDR) diplomats. She later became head of the GDR- Indian Friendship Society.

Soviet Funding Mechanism

xxxxxxxxx to fund political parties and individual politicians, the Soviets-usually using Indian trading companies as intermediaries- enter into arrangements with Indian businessmen wishing to trade with the USSR. When these businessmen sell to the Soviet Union, the Soviets agree to purchase their goods for an inflated price. The Indian business-
man is instructed to deliver only a portion–perhaps as little as half. of the products specified in the sales contract, but receives payment from the Soviets for the full order. He then keeps payment only for the goods he actually delivered, plus a small fee, and passes the balance to a designated individual or makes a contribution to a specified political party or other organization. The Soviets channel monev in this fashion by importing Indian grain (especially rice), woolen and leather garments, tobacco, coffee, silk, handicrafts, mica, and electronics.

When the Soviets sell to Indian businessmen or to the Indian Government, they routinely take advantage of the common practice among Congress-I government officials of granting business contracts and business or import licenses in exchange for party contributions. The Soviets channel contributions to the Congress-I Party or make payments to individuals in return for approval of oil and natural gas contracts and to import such items as Soviet defense equipment and crude oil. Although we have no direct evidence, the Indian officials and businessmen involved in these deals probably also profit. Similar kickback arrange ments are also used in trade deals with East European countries.

These kickback schemes are facilitated by the Indo-Soviet rupee trade, a bilateral arrangement eliminating the need for hard currency. Paper credit and debit slips are charged against a rupee trade balance held by the Reserve Bank of India. Such paper transac- tions can disguise Soviet kickback payments to Indian political parties or individuals. Despite exposes in the press and Parliament in 1982 and 1983 that the Soviets use the Indo-Soviet rupee trade to finance their covert activities, the Soviets have been able to prevent substantial reform largely because of the economic importance to India of this trade and the
support of several senior Indian politicians with well-known, close ties to the Soviets…
.” “Declassified in Part – Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/12/09 : CIA-RDP86T00586R000400490007-7” Read the file here (link to pdf): https://www.cia.gov/readingroom/document/cia-rdp86t00586r000400490007-7

INDO – US SPECIAL FORCES JOINT EXERCISE CULMINATES AT BAKLOH, HIMACHAL PRADESH Posted On: 28 AUG 2022 2:43PM by PIB Delhi
The 13th Edition of India – USA Joint Special Forces Exercise VAJRA PRAHAR 2022 culminated at Bakloh (HP) on 28 August 2022. This annual exercise is hosted alternatively between India and the United States. The 12th edition was conducted at Joint Base Lewis Mc Chord, Washington (USA) in October 2021. The 21-day joint training provided an opportunity for the Special Forces from both nations to train in Air Borne Operations, Special Operations and Counter Terrorism operations in a joint environment under United Nations Charter. The exercise was conducted in two phases; the first phase involved combat conditioning and tactical level special missions training exercises and the second phase included 48 hours of validation of training received by both contingents in the first phase. Both contingents expressed immense satisfaction on the outcomes of the exercise, in terms of the standards achieved and sharing of best practices, when both contingents undertook joint training, planning and execution of a series of mock operations in simulated conventional and unconventional scenarios in mountainous terrain. Exercise VAJRA PRAHAR with the US Special Forces is significant in terms of security challenges faced by both Nations in the backdrop of the current global situation. The joint military exercise has further strengthened the traditional bond of friendship between the special forces of both Nations as well as improved bilateral defence cooperation between India and the USA.
https://web.archive.org/web/20220828101122/https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1855014

CURTAIN RAISER: EX TSENTR 2019
Posted On: 05 SEP 2019 6:18PM by PIB Delhi
Exercise TSENTR 2019 is part of the annual series of large scale exercises that form part of the Russian Armed Forces’ annual training cycle. The series rotates through the four main Russian operational strategic commands. Russia holds a major military exercise every year at one of it’s four military Commands i.e Vostok (East), Zapad (West), TSENTR (Centre) and Kavkas (South). This year the exercise is planned between 09 September to 23 September 19 at Donguz training ranges, Orenburg, Russia. These annual exercises have slowly began taking an international character, with Belarus participating in ZAPAD-2017 and China and Mongolia participating in VOSTOK-2018. This year, invitations for participation have been extended to nine other countries.
 
This year’s Exercise TSENTR 2019 will be conducted by Central Military Commission of Russia. Apart from host Russia, military contingents from China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan will also take part in this mega event.
 
 The exercise aims at evolving drills of the participating armies and practicing them in the fight against the scourge of international terrorism thereby ensuring military security in the strategic central Asian region. The TSENTR-2019 strategic measures will focus on evaluating the level of troop preparedness, the acquisition of the required skills and raising the level of inter- operability and demonstrate the readiness of the participating armies.
 
 The exercise TSENTR 2019 will comprise two modules. The first module will include counter- terror operations, repelling air strikes, reconnaissance operations and defensive measures, while the second will focus on offensive operations
.” https://web.archive.org/web/20220829082647/https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=158425

US Congressman Ro Khanna Allegedly Only Ended Facebook Friendship With Chinese Spy A Few Weeks Ago; Ro’s Grandfather Founded “Socialist Action” Which Was KGB Infiltrated; Close To Indira During “The Emergency”