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Kaliningrad is historic Königsberg-East Prussia. It is far from the Russian mainland, but the USSR (Russia) was allowed to take it in 1946 and keep it. The USSR (Russia) removed the people and the culture from this historically Celtic-Germanic region, and imported Russian replacements. They renamed it Kaliningrad. The Soviet Union-Russia have used it as a military base to threaten Europe, as well as make false claims about Europe encircling them. The truth is Russia-USSR stole a chunk of Europe and implemented ethnic and cultural genocide against the people. Russia needs to return it to Europe. Any residents who object can return to their motherland.

Still there are some people who wish to remember the history and culture of the region, and they have become political prisoners.

Königsberg Castle and Monument for the German Emperor William I in Königsberg East Prussia, image from between 1894 and 1900. In 1946 it was stolen and renamed Kaliningrad, Russia. The castle was demolished by Russia-USSR in 1959: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Königsberg_Castle


Königsberg (East) Prussia Sambia Peninsula well before the 1946 theft and renaming by USSR-Russia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambia_Peninsula

Picture of prison cell: https://koenigsberg-eu.blogspot.com/2020/04/political-prisoners-in-konigsberg.html

Both the protestors and the Memorial Human Rights Centre are very brave.
Three persons charged in the case of the Baltic Vanguard of the Russian Resistance (BARS) are political prisoners, Memorial says
25.01.2018
Программа: Support for political prisoners

Memorial has concluded that this prosecution is politically-motivated.

Memorial Human Rights Centre has recognized three residents of Kaliningrad, charged in the case of the Baltic Vanguard of the Russian Resistance (henceforth “BARS” its Russian acronym) as political prisoners. Aleksandr Vladimirovich Orshulevich (born 26 November 1988) is charged with an offence under Article 282.1, Section 1, of the Russian Criminal Code (creation of an extremist group), while Igor Romanovich Ivanov (born 17 June 1996) and Aleksandr Arkadievich Mamaev (born 24 December 1960) have been charged under Section 2 of the same Article (participation in an extremist group). The defendants have been held on remand since 27 May 2017.

According to the investigators, as set out in the protocol opening the criminal case, the accused were members of an extremist group that aimed at “the violent seizure of power in Kaliningrad region by means of a series of extremist crimes intended to achieve, among other things, the exit of Kaliningrad region from the Russian Federation and its independent existence as a member of the European Union.” Those charged were allegedly preparing to achieve these global aims by the imprinting of slogans of an extremist nature on objects by means of stencils (according to the defence, these stencils were planted during the searches).

Memorial has studied the materials of the criminal case, to which we have access, and has concluded that this prosecution is  politically-motivated: those in public office wish by means of this prosecution to remain in power and to force critics of those in authority to cease their public activity. There is no evidence that the defendants committed any crime, and they have been remanded in custody for no other reason than their  non-violent  exercise of the freedoms of peaceful assembly, association, expression, conscience and religion, in violation of the right to a fair trial and other rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Russian Constitution, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Deprivation of liberty is clearly a measure not proportionate to the actual actions with which Orshulevich, Ivanov and Mamaev have been charged.

The investigation in the case has been conducted with gross violations, and part of the evidence may have been falsified. According to relatives, in particular Orshulevich’s wife, Vanda, at the time of the searches and arrests, law enforcement officers planted stencils with extremist slogans and cans of spray paint, and at the same time did not allow the accused to contact their lawyers. Orshulevich himself asserts that after his arrest a plastic bag was put over his head and he was tortured. The right to legal defence of the accused has been systematically violated.

So far as Aleksandr Mamaev (who, as a priest, is called Father Nikolai) is concerned, the defence asserts that he was not a member of BARS at all, despite the fact that he gave them spiritual guidance. As a monk and priest of the Russian (Rossiiskaya) Orthodox Church, he has been fiercely critical of the Russian (Russkaya) Orthodox Church and Patriarch Kirill, something which, in the opinion of the Kaliningrad activists, could have been one of the reasons for his prosecution. Taking into account that the investigation has charged Mamaev with allegedly being the “spiritual leader of BARS,” it is possible to assert that he is being prosecuted in order to stop the lawful religious activity of a religious structure that represents an alternative to the Russian (Russkaya) Orthodox Church. The investigation has not accused Mamaev and Ivanov of any illegal actions apart from taking part in BARS, which was a legal political organization, and allegedly preparing to draw extremist slogans on the asphalt.

Recognition of an individual as a political prisoner, or of a prosecution as politically motivated, does not imply that Memorial Human Rights Centre shares or approves the individual’s views, statements or actions.

For more information about this case, see here. https://memohrc.org/ru/special-projects/delo-bars
PayPal — an  e-wallet  for giving help to all Russian political prisoners helpmemorial2016@gmail.com.
https://memohrc.org/en/news_old/three-persons-charged-case-baltic-vanguard-russian-resistance-bars-are-political-prisoners

The verdict to the Kaliningrad nationalists in the BARS case was left unchanged 08/03/2021
Program: Support for political prisoners
Alexander Orshulevich, Igor Ivanov and Alexander Mamaev were accused of creating an extremist community and participating in it. Nikolai Sentsov was charged with possession of weapons and explosives.

The Military Court of Appeal of the Moscow Region and the Military Court of Kaliningrad upheld the sentences of Alexander Orshulevich, Alexander Mamaev, Igor Ivanov and Nikolai Sentsov, defendants in the Baltic Vanguard of Russian Resistance (BARS) case. It is reported by “OVD-Info”.

According to investigators, no later than June 2008, Alexander Orshulevich created the “Baltic Vanguard of Russian Resistance”, “pursuing the goal of destabilizing the political situation in the Kaliningrad region and ultimately changing the regime of state power in the Kaliningrad region” in order to withdraw the Kaliningrad region from the Russian Federation.

Orshulevich, Mamaev and Ivanov were found guilty of public calls to carry out terrorist (Article 205.2 of the Criminal Code) and extremist activities (Part 1 of Article 280 of the Criminal Code), Orshulevich also of creating an extremist community (Part 1 of Article 282.1 of the Criminal Code), Mamaev and Ivanov – in participation in it (part 2 of article 282.1 of the Criminal Code). Sentsov was charged only with possession of weapons and explosives (part 1 of article 222 of the Criminal Code, part 1 of article 222.1 of the Criminal Code). The defendants deny their guilt.

On April 17, 202o, the Second Western District Military Court sentenced Alexander Orshulevich to eight years in prison with a general regime colony, Alexander Mamaev and Igor Ivanov to six years, Nikolai Sentsov was appointed three years in a colony-settlement and released in the courtroom, taking into account the term held in jail.

The Human Rights Center “Memorial” considers the defendants in the case of the “Baltic Vanguard of Russian Resistance” political prisoners.” Translated from: https://memohrc.org/ru/news_old/prigovor-kaliningradskim-nacionalistam-po-delu-bars-ostavili-bez-izmeneniy

Archive photo of prison https://web.archive.org/web/20220623053558/https://koenigsberg-eu.blogspot.com/2020/04/political-prisoners-in-konigsberg.html

Making Königsberg Kaliningrad: The Lost Jewel of the Baltic By Victoria Kulikova June 6, 2017 2:10 pm Last Updated: September 23, 2017 12:37 pm https://web.archive.org/web/20170923210010/https://www.theepochtimes.com/making-konigsberg-kaliningrad-the-lost-jewel-of-the-baltic_2255011.html