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Odessa, Ukraine, had eight plague pandemics between 1793 and 1910. The plague came into the port with rats from Asia, Russia, and Europe. Thus, Odessa founded an Anti-Plague Research Institute in 1886. The Pasteur Institute did not open until 1888. So, Odessa was apparently first: “In 1886, Mechnikov and N.F. Gamaleya established a bacteriological observation station in Odessa…. In 1888, Louis Pasteur offered Mechnikov a position as director of one of the laboratories at Pasteur’s Institute. In 1905, Mechnikov was promoted to deputy director of the Pasteur Institute, where he remained for the rest of his life.” https://www.nonproliferation.org/wp-content/uploads/cns-archive/antiplague/list.pdf

The historic Odessa Anti-Plague Research Institute appears to be the chief focus of a handful of old men who feign paranoia, both within Russia and without, and their unwitting dupes.

Is France supposed to shut down the Pasteur Institute, and its many satellite offices, simply because Russia says so? It is France, after all, that built the Wuhan BSL 4 lab in China, with advisors from France, Australia, and the United States. The Pasteur Institute set up satellites in the United States shortly after it opened. The “BSL-4 laboratory at the Wuhan Institute of Virology received significant and substantial support of the conceptual, engineering and logistical varieties from the CIRI”. The Pasteur Institute is one of the partners that created CIRI: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centre_International_de_Recherche_en_Infectiologie

Is Russia going to talk about their weaponized viruses, such as the first chimera virus from inserting DNA from Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus into vaccinia virus (almost identical to the smallpox virus). Or, chimeras of VEE, Ebola, and Marburg genes inserted into the actual smallpox virus which were already in the research phase in 1991? Russia has smallpox at its VECTOR lab. Is it the weaponized version? Is it one of these virus mixes? VEE is mosquito born but birds and rodents are primary reservoirs. We don’t know what Russia has, but Russia knows what Odessa has, since their BSL 3 lab was operating under a pro-Russian President who fled to Russia. While this would facilitate a false flag, if they are bombing Odessa, whatever’s there may go airborne. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2022/02/27/russia-vector-lab-has-smallpox-ebola-anthrax-etc-2019-lab-explosion-accident/ https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2022/02/27/russia-bioweapons-program-soviet-and-post-soviet/Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), western equine encephalitis (WEE) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) are caused by Alphaviruses. Birds and rodents are the primary reservoirs, but unvaccinated horses are particularly susceptible and often serve as sentinels. These diseases are zoonotic, infecting humans, and are a public health concern.”USDA APHIS | Equine Encephalitis (EEE/WEE/VEE)

Retrospectively, the Lassa virus outbreaks in the UK may have been a Russian test run. A few Americans, who now appear to be possible Kremlin operatives, started making noise about hemorragic fever shortly before the Lassa outbreaks. Putin, by the way, is pro-coronavirus vaccine. See his 2021 World Economic Forum speech: https://archive.ph/3BNLd
He probably has one already made to sell you, if people get sick due to Russia bombing the Odessa lab, or otherwise releasing a dangerous pathogen. Russia makes money from the vaccine game, too.

At the historic Odessa Institute a BSL Level 3 Lab was opened ca June 2010, under pro-Russian President Yanukovych, called the Central Reference Laboratory (CRL) Ukrainian Research Antiplague Institute (URAPI) 2/4 Tserkovnaya St., Odessa. The Technical Assistance Project – Technical Assistance Plan for designated recipients of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Registration card #2225-04 dated 21.05.2012, which was under Pro-Russian President Yanukovych (President from 25 Feb. 2010 – 22 Feb. 2014). The Donor was the Department of Defense of the United States of America and the Beneficiary/Executive Agent – the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Recipient – Ukrainian Research Anti-Plague Institute Address: 2/4, Tserkovnaya Str., Odessa; Dr. Sergiy Vasyl’ovych Pozdnyakov, Director. The permit for working with Pathogens was issued by the Regime Commission of MoH on September 13, 2010, under pro-Russian President Yanukovych. USG Investment – Total cost of laboratory: USD$3,492,551 (USD$613,477 for Construction; USD$2,059,014 for lab equipment and furniture). The original Working Design was approved by the Regime Commission of MoH on September 23, 2008 and confirmed by Odessa Oblast SES on December 30, 2009. The Working Design was approved by Odessa “Ukrbudderzhexpertise” on January 19, 2009. This was under Yushchenko, who had been poisoned, apparently by Russia. https://ua.usembassy.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/151/URAPI-CRL-eng.pdf

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba @DmytroKuleba wrote on Thursday, 10 Mar 2022:
The manic obsession with which various Russian officials fantasize about non-existent biological or chemical weapons or hazards in Ukraine is deeply troubling and may actually point at Russia preparing another horrific false flag operation. This tweet is for the record.” ENDS.

The Ukrainian I. I. Mechnikov Anti-Plague Research Institute (UAPRI) was founded in 1886 in Odessa by I. I. Mechnikov, the Nobel prize winner, as a bacteriological station, which has been the second in the world after Pasteur station in Paris. Since 1999 our Institute has been working in present status. The work is based on the experience of FSU anti-plague system and achievements of modern science. The Institute is responsible for the quarantine and other especially dangerous infections (QOEDI) surveillance, study, epidemiological complications’ analyses, identification and study of isolated agents, state sanitary document projects’ preparation, new preparations’ development…
The Institute collaborates with many related facilities in Ukraine and abroad. In Ukraine we deal with Central SES, Gromashevsky Institute of Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases (Kiev), Lviv Research Institute of Epidemiology and Hygiene, Odessa National University, Boghatsky Physical-chemistry Institute (Odessa), regional SESes, biosphere nature reserves. Abroad we traditionally collaborate with Russian related facilities. In addition, we collaborate very tightly with Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Canadian Center for human and Animal Health (Winnipeg), Robert Koch Institute (Berlin), Umea University (Sweden)…
http://www.stcu.int/documents/reports/distribution/tpf/ipf/bio/ua/pdf/UAPRI_IPF_Odesa_Ukraine.pdf https://ua.usembassy.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/151/URAPI-CRL-eng.pdf An agreement, with the United States, was signed at Kiev August 29, 2005, and, thus, under the third President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, who was President from 23 Jan. 2005 to 25 Feb. 2010. He had been poisoned by Russia in September of 2004, which may be why he wanted an upgraded lab. Pro-Russian Kuchma was President from 19 Jul. 1994 to 23 Jan. 2005. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kuchma Pro-Russian President Yanukovych was President from 25 Feb. 2010 – 22 Feb. 2014; Prime Minister from 21 Nov. 2002 – 7 Dec. 2004; 28 Dec. 2004 – 5 January 2005; 4 Aug. 2006 – 18 Dec. 2007 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Yanukovych The PM from 18 Dec. 2007-4 Mar 2010 and 24 Jan 2005-8 Sept. 2005 was Tymoshenko. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yulia_Tymoshenko

Ukraine has no natural plague focus. The republic nevertheless needed to establish an AP system because throughout history its ports have been important passageways for the movement of plague from the Far and Near East to Russia and Europe. In particular, through the centuries ships carrying rodents infected with plague have arrived at Black Sea ports, particularly Odessa, Mykolayiv, and Kherson. The ships offloaded cargo along with plague-infected rodents and the people who then were instrumental in spreading the disease northward. That fact that such incidents occurred many times in the past is evidenced by the presence of eight separate cemeteries in Odessa that only contain graves of plague victims, representing the eight plague pandemics that occurred during 1793 – 1910. So, while the Ukraine AP system is small in size compared to other NIS, with just two facilities, it has a long history and remains important to Ukraine’s public health today. The main mission of the Ukrainian AP system since its establishment has been to interdict plague originating from foreign ports and preventing it from becoming established in Ukraine and spreading elsewhere. Therefore the two Ukrainian AP facilities responsible for fulfilling this mission are located in strategically important cities, namely Odessa and Simferopol
See: “The Soviet Anti-Plague System” April 11, 2006 Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley, Alexander Melikishvili, Raymond A. Zilinskas https://nonproliferation.org/the-soviet-anti-plague-system/

Click to access 080103_part2_ch09.pdf

Odessa Anti-Plague “Institute’s Focus
Improvement of the system of sanitary protection of the territory of the Ukraine from QOEDI penetration and distribution
Investigation of the formation and development of the QOEDI natural foci for their localization and control over new foci formation
Studying the biological properties of the QOEDI in order to estimate their epidemiological potential
Identification/development of new chemical preparations for QOEDI effective diagnoses, prevention and treatment
Reduction of the agents resistance to antibiotics by joint application of antibiotics and proteolysis inhibitors
Development of methods for epidemics’ forecasting and principles of organization of preventive and counter epidemic measures
Development of new/or improved methods for diagnosing the QOEDI
Development of immune-biological preparations and vaccines against emerging diseases Evaluation of the new methods and approaches of the original effective antiviral and antimicrobial preparations with the use of the contemporary computer technologies (QUSAR)
Biosafety training for the staff of Ukrainian epidemiological sanitary stations departments of especially dangerous infections
Museum collection of especially dangerous diseases agents is a branch of State Museum of Gromashevsky Institute and contains more then 850 strains of bacterial and viral agents
” See more here: http://www.stcu.int/documents/reports/distribution/tpf/ipf/bio/ua/pdf/UAPRI_IPF_Odesa_Ukraine.pdf

PASTEUR INSTITUTE: THREE FOUNDED IN THE UNITED STATES; MANY AROUND THE WORLD:
A few months after Pasteur successfully treated Meister, another young victim, a shepherd who had been bitten by a “mad dog,” appeared. After successfully treating him as well, Pasteur became widely known, and reports of these successes brought victims of dog and wolf bites from France, Russia, and the United States pouring into his laboratory for treatment. Pasteur became a national hero and a legend, and, with funding from public and governmental subscriptions, was able to build the Pasteur Institute in Paris. It initially was designed to treat victims of rabies; later, other Pasteur Institutes, including 3 in the United States, were built to treat human rabies and other diseases…” ”Louis Pasteur: A Controversial Figure in a Debate on Scientific Ethics” B. Lee Ligon, Ph.D. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1045187002500595
A list of Pasteur Institute sites around the world: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institut_Pasteur#Fondation

Medical History, 1999, 43: 1-25
The Creation of the First Overseas Pasteur Institute, or the Beginning of Albert-Calmette’s Pastorian Career ANNICKGUENEL*
Three years after the creation of the Pasteur Institute in Paris (1888), Albert Calmette, a French doctor in the Corps de Sante des Colonies, laid the foundations of its first overseas daughter institute in Cochin-China, a distant French colony. In fact, the Australian Pasteur Institute could also lay claim to be considered the first, as Pasteur’s own nephew, Adrien Loir,’ began plans for it as early as 1888. Nevertheless, the continuous presence of the Pasteur Institute in Indochina, which is still felt in the independent countries today, and the similarities between the strategies adopted by the Saigon Laboratory and other overseas centres made Calmette’s mission a model for establishing the Institute abroad. The gateway opened by this enterprise for the study of tropical diseases is…
”https://www.researchgate.net/publication/12434246_The_Creation_of_the_First_Overseas_Pasteur_Institute_or_the_Beginning_of_Albert_Calmette’s_Pastorian_Career

UKRAINE ODESSSA ANTI-PLAGUE INSTITUTE
Here it is necessary to note that the classification of pathogenic organisms and therefore classification of the laboratories in Ukraine differs from the international one. It is inverted (i.e., in Ukraine “one” is the highest risk and “four” is the lowest risk) and also has some additional differences. That is why when speaking about high-containment laboratories according to Ukraine’s official classification we need to consider the laboratories that have a permit to work with the microorganisms of the first and the second pathogenic groups. At the same time it is not possible to say that a laboratory that has a permit to work with microorganisms of the first pathogenic group in Ukraine is equivalent to an international BSL-4 lab or that one working with microorganisms of the second pathogenic group is equivalent to a BSL-3 lab.

According to the available data, there are no laboratories in Ukraine that fulfill BSL-4 requirements. One of the laboratories that has a permit to work with the microorganisms of the first pathogenic group did, however, recently undergo an international audit as a BSL-3 laboratory and received a preliminary positive evaluation. This is one of the laboratories of the SI (State Institution) “Ukrainian I. I. Mechnikov Anti-Plague Research Institute” of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (Odessa), which is responsible for the identification of especially dangerous biological pathogens. This laboratory was reconstructed and technically updated up to the BSL-3 level through a cooperative agreement between the United States Department of Defense and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine that started in 2005. The collaboration focuses on preventing the spread of technologies, pathogens, and knowledge that can be used in the development of biological weapons. The updated laboratory serves as Interim Central Reference Laboratory with a depozitarium (pathogen collection). According to Ukrainian regulations, it has a permit to work with both bacteria and viruses of the first and second pathogenic groups. A second laboratory of the SI “Ukrainian I. I. Mechnikov Anti-Plague Research Institute” of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine also has a permit to work with microorganisms of the first pathogenic group, but it is not updated to the BSL-3 level. This laboratory works only with the especially dangerous infections of bacterial etiology. The third laboratory upgraded to the BSL-3 level belongs to the Central Sanitary Epidemiological Station of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. This laboratory was updated within the State program and the above-mentioned cooperative agreement between Ukraine and the United States. It has a permit to work with microorganisms of the second pathogenic group and is intended for work with especially dangerous infections.
According to the information received from the Central Regime Commission, the main authority that is responsible for the registration of microbiological laboratories in Ukraine, among the 402 laboratories that have permits to work with microorganisms of the second pathogenic group, 37 are subordinate to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Out of these 37 laboratories, 6 laboratories belong to research institutions, and therefore their main goals are scientific and practical investigations, while 31 laboratories belong to the Sanitary Epidemiological Service of Ukraine. These 31 laboratories are responsible for epidemiological and diagnostic investigations. Three hundred sixty two laboratories that have a permit to work with microorganisms of the second pathogenic group are subordinate to the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine. Out of them, 358 laboratories are responsible for diagnostic investigations, while 4 belong to research institutions and perform scientific and practical investigations. The four laboratories of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, which have a permit to work with microorganisms of the second pathogenic group, are research oriented. The one laboratory of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine that has a permit to work with microorganisms of the second pathogenic group performs diagnostic investigations.

What government organizations are responsible for the safety and security of high BSL laboratories?

According to the existing regulations, the main authority that is responsible for the registration of microbiological laboratories and their biosafety and biosecurity is the Central Regime Commission, which works together with regional Regime Commissions of the State Sanitary Epidemiological Service of Ukraine and regional chief state sanitary doctors of Ukraine (according to the State Sanitary Rules 9.9.5.035-99 and 9.9.5-153-2008)…

Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories. Committee on Anticipating Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories”; National Academy of Sciences; National Research Council. Washington (DC): National Academies Press 2011 Dec. 15 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK196149/

There is a 2012 version that seems to be the same: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. “Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

The Soviet Anti-Plague System” April 11, 2006 Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley, Alexander Melikishvili, Raymond A. Zilinskas.
The Anti-plague System in the Newly Independent States, 1992 and Onwards
https://nonproliferation.org/the-soviet-anti-plague-system/

Biography: Louis Pasteur: A controversial figure in a debate on scientific ethics”By B. Lee Ligon Ph.D. Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1045187002500595

Click to access UAPRI_IPF_Odesa_Ukraine.pdf

Will Russia Self-Invade to Destroy its US Funded Bio-Labs? US Gave $1 Billion to Russia to Fund its Bio-Labs/Research; Here’s a Long List of US Funded Russian Bio Projects

Russia Vector Lab has Smallpox, Ebola, Anthrax, etc.; 2019 Lab Explosion-Accident

Russia BioWeapons Program – Soviet and Post-Soviet

Ukraine projects: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2022/03/08/us-funded-biological-threat-reduction-program-in-ukraine-most-projects-funded-under-pro-russian-president-yanukovych/

Putin’s and his cronies are very connected to Klaus Schwab and WEF: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2022/02/25/some-world-economic-forum-strategic-partners-will-surprise-include-russian-government-owned-controlled-companies/

Sounds like Hunter Biden: “Oleksandr Viktorovych Yanukovych (Ukrainian: Олександр Вікторович Янукович; born July 10, 1973 in Donetsk[1]) is a Ukrainian businessman and son of the former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych.[2] He became one of the richest men in the country during his father’s time in office, leading a group known as “the family” and a conglomerate called Management Assets Company (MAKO).[3] Since the ouster as President of his father he has lived in Russia.[4]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oleksandr_Yanukovych

The Wuhan BSL 4 lab was built by France with advisors from France, Australia, and Galveston Texas, USA:

Wuhan BSL-4 Lab Built Within Framework of China-France Cooperation; Staff Visited France, the United States, Australia for BSL-4 Training-Capacity Building

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Lugar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nunn–Lugar_Cooperative_Threat_Reduction#Pavlograd_site_(Ukraine)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavlohrad
https://www.congress.gov/bill/109th-congress/senate-bill/313/text

This agreement, with the United States, was signed at Kiev August 29, 2005, and, thus, under the third President of Ukraine, iktor Yushchenko, who was President from 23 Jan. 2005 to 25 Feb. 2010 and poisoned, apparently by Russia in 2004.
Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and UKRAINE
Signed at Kiev August 29, 2005 https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/05-829-Ukraine-Weapons.pdf
The beginning is here, but it’s not copying and pasting well and can be seen at the link.
AGREEMENT
between the Department of Defense of the United States of America and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine Concerning Cooperation in the Area of Prevention of Proliferation of Technology, Pathogens and Expertise that could be Used in the Development of Biological Weapons

The Department of Defense of the United States of America (“U.S. Depruiment of Defense”) and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, hereinafter referred to jointly as the Parties,

desiring to implement the Agreement between the United States of America j and Ukraine Concerning Assistance to Ukraine in the Elimination of Strategic Nuclear Arms, and the Prevention of Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, signed October 25, 1993, as extended and amended (hereinafter the Umbrella Agreement), as it pertains to the prevention of proliferation of technology, pathogens and expertise that could be used in the development of biological weapons

recognizing the existing cooperation between the Science and Technology Center Ukraine and the Lviv Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology and Hygiene, and noting that pursuant to Article II of the Umbrella Agreement, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine has been designated by the Government of Ukraine (Cabinet of Ministers) as the executive agent to implement this Agreement,

HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:
Article I
1. In order to assist Ukraine in preventing the proliferation of technology, pathogens, and expertise that are located at the Scientific Research Institute of , Epidemiology and Hygiene (Lviv), the Ukrainian Scientific Research Anti-Plague ) Institute (Odessa), the Central Sanitary Epidemiological Station (Kyiv), and other 1 facilities in Ulaaine identified by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, and that could be used in the development of biological weapons, the U.S. Department of Defense shall provide assistance to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine at no cost, subject to the availability of funds appropriated for this purpose, in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.

2. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall use all material (including ‘ equipment, instruments, and other supplies), training of personnel and services provided in accordance with this Agreement exclusively for the purpose of preventing the proliferation of technology, pathogens and expertise that are located at facilities in Ukraine and that could be used in the development of biological weapons.

3. This Agreement and all activities undertaken in accordance with this Agreement shall be subject to the provisions of the Umbrella Agreement. In the event of any discrepancies between tllis Agreement and the Umbrella Agreement, the provisions of the Umbrella Agreement shall prevail.

4. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall provide to the U.S. Department of Defense a list of facilities in Ukraine that may receive assistance under this Agreement, establishing the Ministry of Health of Ulaaine’s order of priority for such assistance.

assistance for improving biological material protection, control and accountability in order to reduce the risk of theft or unauthorized use of dangerous pathogens located at the facilities in Ukraine referred to in Article I, Paragraph 1.

3. Pursuant to the terms ofthis Agreement, the U.S. Department ofDefense may, at its discretion, provide the Ministry of Health of Ukraine with other types of assistance subject to the written agreement of the Parties.

Article IV

1. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall assist the U.S. Department of Defense during the implementation of this Agreement.

2. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall coordinate with appropriate Ukrainian ministries and other government agencies and organizations in order to ensure that: (a) material provided under this Agreement is afforded priority processing to allow prompt delivery to its ultimate destination within Ukraine; and (b) appropriate security measures are provided for the U.S. Department of Defense representatives, contractors, and equipment at those facilities associated with activities under this Agreement.

3. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall facilitate the examination by the appropriate Ukrainian ministries and other government agencies and organizations of all material received pursuant to this Agreement and provide confirmation of the acceptability of such material to the U.S. Department of Defense within ten days of receipt of the results of such examinations. Material failing to conform to agreed specifications shall be returned, at the expense of the U.S. Department of Defense, to the U.S. Department ofDefense through the Embassy ofthe United States of America in Kyiv within thirty days of receipt for replacement.

4. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine or its designated agent shall consolidate and store all dangerous pathogens at secure centralized laboratories designated in writing by the Parties that have received or. are receiving the U.S. Department of Defense assistance under this Agreement (hereinafter centralized laboratories). The U.S. Department of Defense may provide molecular diagnostics capabilities, improved electronic communications, and equipment for the safe and timely transport of field pathogen samples to the centralized laboratories.

5. In order to support the joint efforts of the Parties to prevent the proliferation of dangerous pathogens and related expertise and to minimize potential biological threats, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall transfer to the U.S. Department of Defense requested copies of dangerous pathogen strains collected in Ukraine for cooperative biological research in the centralized laboratories in Ukraine and in U.S. Department of Defense-designated laboratories in the United States for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes. Details of such cooperation shall be defined in annual Joint Requirements and Implementation Plans developed in accordance with paragraph 7 of Article IV of this Agreement or in an implementing arrangement in accordance with Article VI of this Agreement. The Ministry of Health ofUlaaine shall share with the U.S. Department of Defense data generated by the infectious disease surveillance network of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine or its designated agents in order for the Parties to better detect, diagnose and monitor disease outbreaks in Ukraine.

6. Dangerous pathogens placed in centralized laboratories shall remain in those laboratories for the duration oft he Umbrella Agreement. T he Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall immediately notify the U.S. Department of Defense in writing about the temporary removal of dangerous pathogens from centralized laboratories due to emergency situations. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine shall return all pathogens removed from a centralized laboratory to that centralized laboratory or another centralized laboratory as soon as possible. i

7. The Ministry of Health of Ulaaine or its designated agent shall cooperate with the U.S. Department of Defense to develop annual Joint Requirements and Implementation Plans describing the underlying assumptions, requirements and responsibilities for implementation of this Agreement, and the Parties or their designated implementing agents shall sign these plans.

Article V

1. In accordance with Article X of the Umbrella Agreement, the U.S. Department of Defense has the right to audit and. examine material, training of personnel, and services provided in accordance with this Agreement to facilities in Ukraine for the duration of the Umbrella Agreement. Such audits and examinations may be conducted consistent with the Implementing Arrangements for the Conduct of Audits and Examinations of United States Assistance to Ukraine in Connection with the Agreement between the United States and Ulaaine of October 25, 1993.

2. In addition to the rights provided by Article X of the Umbrella Agreement, the U.S. Department of Defense representatives shall also have the right to participate in all aspects of implementation of contracts and related activities at facilities in Ukraine pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.” Read the rest here: https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/05-829-Ukraine-Weapons.pdf