Azad Hind Fauj, Azad Hind Radio, fascism, Free India Centre, Free India Legion, Germany, Hinduism, Hitler, India, Lebensraum, Moscow, Nazis, Stalin, Subhas Chandra Bose, Swastika, Tiger Legion, UK, USSR, WWII
The right-facing swastika, used by the Nazis, appears commonly in Hinduism and Jainism. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swastika
An excellent two minute summary video from India on Hitler and India, past and present:
“A Gory Monster in the West, Why is Hitler so Popular in India?” https://youtu.be/To-f-9n45q0
(2 min 22 sec video)
When India independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose arrived in Moscow to ask for their support, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany were allies. The Soviets wouldn’t help so he went to the Nazis.
The size of the Nazi Free India Legion was an estimated 4500.
“The Indian Legion (German: Indische Legion), officially the Free India Legion (German: Legion Freies Indien) or 950th (Indian) Infantry Regiment (German: Infanterie-Regiment 950 (indisches)), was a military unit raised during the Second World War initially as part of the German Army and later the Waffen-SS from August 1944. Intended to serve as a liberation force for British-ruled India, it was made up of Indian prisoners of war and expatriates in Europe. Because of its origins in the Indian independence movement, it was known also as the “Tiger Legion”, and the “Azad Hind Fauj”. As part of the Waffen-SS it was known as the Indian Volunteer Legion of the Waffen-SS (German: Indische Freiwilligen Legion der Waffen-SS).
Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose initiated the legion’s formation, as part of his efforts to win India’s independence by waging war against Britain, when he came to Berlin in 1941 seeking German aid. The initial recruits in 1941 were volunteers from the Indian students resident in Germany at the time, and a handful of the Indian prisoners of war who had been captured during the North Africa Campaign. It would later draw a larger number of Indian prisoners of war as volunteers…
Bose escaped from house arrest in India in January 1941 and made his way through Afghanistan to the Soviet Union, with some help from Germany’s military intelligence, the Abwehr. Bose, ideologically a Communist was inclined to the Soviet Union for aid.
Once he reached Moscow, he did not receive the expected Soviet support for his plans for a popular uprising in India… The German ambassador in Moscow, Count von der Schulenberg, soon arranged for Bose to go to Berlin. He arrived at the beginning of April 1941, and he met with foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and later Adolf Hitler.
In Berlin, Bose set up the Free India Centre and Azad Hind Radio, which commenced broadcasting to Indians on shortwave frequencies, reaching tens of thousands of Indians who had the requisite receiver. Soon Bose’s aim became to raise an army, which he imagined would march into India with German forces and trigger the downfall of the Raj.…” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Legion
“The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)”
“the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) ” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazism
“The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact was a non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that enabled those two powers to partition Poland between them. The pact was signed in Moscow on 23 August 1939 by German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov and was officially known as the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics… The pact was terminated on 22 June 1941, when Germany launched Operation Barbarossa and invaded the Soviet Union, which also executed the ideological goal of Lebensraum.”
“The German–Soviet Credit Agreement (also referred to as the German–Soviet Trade and Credit Agreement) was an economic arrangement between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union… (August 19, 1939)” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German–Soviet_Credit_Agreement_(1939)
Top image: Heinrich Knirr, Der Fuhrer, 1937 “Adolf Hitler, der Schöpfer des Dritten Reiches und Erneuerer der deutschen Kunst” © IWM Art.IWM ART LD 6217 “Object description image: Portrait of Hitler in a light brown jacket, left hand on hip and wearing a red swastika-emblazoned armband” https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/15522 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.iwm.org.uk/corporate/policies/non-commercial-licence