anarchists, assassination of US President William McKinley, Bresci, immigration, King Umberto I, Leon Frank Czołgosz, President Teddy Roosevelt, Secret Service, Teddy Roosevelt, US Mail, US Postal Service
“When compared with suppression of anarchy, every other question sinks into insignificance. An anarchist is an enemy of humanity, enemy of all mankind, and his is a deeper degree of criminality than any other. No immigrant is allowed to come to our shores if he is an anarchist, and no paper published here or abroad should be permitted circulation in thiB country if it propogates anarchistic opinions.” (US President Theodore Roosevelt, 1908)
Leon Frank Czołgosz was a Michigan born anarchist who assassinated US President William McKinley on September 6, 1901 in Buffalo, New York. Czolgosz was executed seven weeks later on October 29, 1901. He got the idea from Italian anarchist Gaetano Bresci who, on July 29, 1900, assassinated King Umberto I of Italy.
“Congress informally requested Secret Service Presidential protection following the assassination of President William McKinley. In 1902, The Secret Service assumed full-time responsibility for protection of the President“. https://legacy.secretservice.gov/history.shtml
Roosevelt’s first speech, after McKinley’s assassination: https://millercenter.org/the-presidency/presidential-speeches/december-3-1901-first-annual-message Roosevelt had been VP.
“ROOSEVELT WOULD BLOT OUT ANARCHY
IN SHORTEST MESSAGE IN HISTORY HE TELLS CONGRESS TO MINIMIZE IT
Says He Will Stop Practice of Sending Papers Through the Mails That Advocate Murder, Arson and Treason—Holds That the Present Laws Already Enable Him to Do That But Wants More Laws.
Washington, D. C.; April 10.—In one of the shortest messages he has yet transmitted to congress, President Roosevelt yesterday called the attention of that body to the necessity for further legislation on the subject of anarchy. With the message he transmitted a report reviewing the legal phases of the question by Attorney General Bonaparte.
The message of the president follows: “To the senate and house of representatives:
I herewith submit a letter from the department of justice which explains itself. Under this opinion, I hold that the existing statutes give the president power to prohibit the postmaster general from being used as an instrument in the commision of crime; that is, to prohibit the use of mails for the advocacy of murder, arson and treason, and I shall act upon such construction.
Unquestionably, however, there should be further legislation by congress in this matter.
When compared with suppression of anarchy, every other question sinks into insignificance. An anarchist is an enemy of humanity, enemy of all mankind, and his is a deeper degree of criminality than any other. No immigrant is allowed to come to our shores if he is an anarchist, and no paper published here or abroad should be permitted circulation in thiB country if it propogates anarchistic opinions.”
The Aberdeen Democrat. (Aberdeen, South Dakota), 10 April 1908. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98069055/1908-04-10/ed-1/seq-1/