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1789 was 231 years ago. They are not military. They are Federal law enforcement. It is their job to protect Federal property, especially Federal Courthouses. Some journalists and politicians should do their research. (Democrats need to get a grip, if they want to win, because they look like idiots, and it’s election year). They have the right to wear camouflage or anything else, and they do. (The US Army is only called US Army since 1796).

From a 2017 document:
228 Years Protecting the Federal Judicial Process

As the nation’s first, most versatile federal law enforcement agency, the United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a force of approximately 5,200 deputies and civil servants who protect the judicial process, the cornerstone of American democracy.

Across the 94 federal judicial districts, this protection is realized in each courthouse search, prisoner transport, and fugitive apprehension on a federal warrant. A diverse and accomplished staff of deputy U.S. marshals (DUSMs) and administrative personnel, led by a U.S. marshal, conduct these activities while navigating the unique historical, geographic, and legal considerations that each district presents. The agency’s 228 years of experience navigating these considerations in order to protect the federal judicial process has earned the USMS the distinction of serving as the nexus for law enforcement at all levels within a judicial district.

Of primary concern to the USMS is the protection of federal judges, federal prosecutors, and court officials. Daily, district personnel assess the current threat environment of these protected officials and their work locations and secure these locations through comprehensive safety checks and patrols.

When federal courts open for business, court security officers (CSOs) stand ready to screen the public entering the building. DUSM-led protective details provide an additional layer of security available at a moment’s notice to federal judges and others when threats jeopardize their safety.

With the support of headquarters’ collection and dissemination of intelligence, tactical operations, and the coordination of witness security, USMS protection of all of these areas allows federal judges and others to focus on the complexities of the cases in front of them, rather than their own or the court’s security.

The federal judiciary relies on DUSMs to transport prisoners to, and guard prisoners during, court hearings. Prisoner transport to court appearances is only one part of a complex process of housing and safeguarding federal prisoners. To ensure federal court proceedings are unaffected and a prisoner’s constitutional right to a fair and speedy trial remains intact, USMS districts’ and headquarters’ prisoner operations, ground, and air transportation staff engage in significant planning and coordination to manage multiple external and internal constraints. A court’s docket dictates the time, number, and identity of prisoners to appear. District size and availability of secure detention facilities determine the distance DUSMs and others must travel with federal prisoners. USMS policies prescribe the manner of prisoner transport and the minimum number of DUSMs who must be present in each of these activities.

In furtherance of the judicial process, DUSMs serve federal summonses and warrants and capture federal fugitives. From the arrest of a defendant out on bond to the apprehension of prison escapees, DUSMs investigate, locate, and detain the accused and the guilty to guarantee court cases proceed unimpeded and prison sentences are served. Headquarters lends its investigative assistance in these and other matters including providing leadership to districts in their efforts to recover missing children and investigate noncompliant sex offenders.

Finally, the USMS is central to the Department of Justice objective to reimburse victims of crimes through the identification and seizure of assets gained from criminal activity. USMS missions require that its personnel are always responsive to new and existing challenges. To accomplish this, the agency hires and trains its operational and administrative workforce to be adaptive and agile.

In a given week, and depending on the district, a DUSM might be asked to conduct activities in support of all of the agency’s missions, or a DUSM may be fully dedicated to support a single mission: provide federal judicial security, apprehend fugitives and noncompliant sex offenders, secure and transport federal prisoners, execute federal court orders, seize and manage assets forfeited to the government, and assure the safety of endangered government witnesses and their families.

USMS human resources, financial, training, and IT functions provide unparalleled support to these operational missions. This administrative support allows DUSMs to focus on protecting the federal judicial process. Excerpt from “FY 2017 Annual Report” Intro https://www.usmarshals.gov/foia/annual-report.pdf

They played a critical role in court ordered desegregation. They dealt with Portland style angry white mobs in the South.

Ruby Bridges escorted by United States Marshals

James Meredith escorted by United States Marshals at the University of Mississippi.

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/07/23/894953202/order-temporarily-blocks-feds-from-targeting-press-and-legal-observers-in-portla

Injunction protecting press https://www.courtlistener.com/recap/gov.uscourts.ord.153126/gov.uscourts.ord.153126.84.0.pdf