black hills, Black Hills Gold Rush, COVID-19, Dakota War of 1862, Frederich Trump, gold rush, Great Sioux Nation, Gutzon Borglum, Julian Bear Runner, Kimberly Guilfoyle, Luigi Del Bianco, Mormon, Mount Rushmore, Oglala Sioux Tribe, Oglala Sioux Tribe COVID-19 Disaster Relief Fund, opportunist, Pine Ridge reservation, public health, Sacred Black Hills, Sacred Black Hills Pine Ridge Reservation, Sioux Uprising, South Dakota, Stone Mountain Georgia, treaty of Fort Laramie, Trump, Trump family
Trump’s Mount Rushmore event didn’t require masks or social distancing and remains a public health threat to the American Indians of the area. Trump Jr.’s girlfriend, for instance, just tested positive for Covid-19. She didn’t go to the event, but went to South Dakota, where she may have spread the disease to others.
Unlike most Americans, Native American leaders have taken Covid-19 very seriously and are trying to protect their peoples from what could easily become genocide, due to their small numbers. Some of the Tribal governments have official relief funds to which people can donate. “Oglala Sioux Tribe COVID-19 Disaster Relief Fund: The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has had detrimental impacts on impoverished communities internationally. The Oglala Sioux Tribe is the poorest county in the United States and one of the poorest Indian Reservations in the Nation.” See more info and donate here: http://oglalalakotanation.info
Mount Rushmore is in the Sacred Black Hills. “The Black Hills Gold Rush took place in Dakota Territory in the United States. It began in 1874 following the Custer Expedition and reached a peak in 1876-77… Prior to the Gold Rush, the Black Hills were used by Native Americans (primarily bands of Sioux but others also ranged through the area). The United States government recognized the Black Hills as belonging to the Sioux by the Treaty of Laramie in 1868. Despite being within Indian territory, and therefore off-limits, white Americans were increasingly interested in the gold-mining possibilities of the Black Hills…” See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hills_Gold_Rush
Mount Rushmore isn’t very old. Construction was started less than 100 years ago, in 1927. Trump’s mother immigrated in 1930 and the foundation of the Trump family fortune came from other gold rushes in the late 1800s, after Grandpa Trump immigrated from Germany in 1885. The Wounded Knee massacre was in 1890.
“Julian Bear Runner: Trump Doesn’t Have Permission To Visit Mount Rushmore” Interview link: https://youtu.be/emw9u-NQHSo
“Protesters blocked Mount Rushmore road before Trump visit” link: https://youtu.be/UVVSYNwTQl4
From “The Guardian”:
“Donald Trump should stay away from Mount Rushmore, Sioux leader says: The president’s planned visit to the monument on ‘stolen’ Native land risks spreading coronavirus, tribal president warns By Edward Helmore  Wed 1 Jul 2020 09.00 BST
Donald Trump should not carry out his planned 3 July visit to Mount Rushmore in South Dakota because it represents a safety risk in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic and is an insult to Native Americans  on whose stolen land it was built, the president of the Oglala Sioux tribal council has said…
“Trump coming here is a safety concern not just for my people inside and outside the reservation, but for people in the Great Plains. We have such limited resources in Black Hills, and we’re already seeing infections rising,” the Oglala Sioux president, Julian Bear Runner, in an interview with the Guardian.
“The lands on which that mountain is carved and the lands he’s about to visit belong to the Great Sioux nation under a treaty signed in 1851 and the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868  and I have to tell him he doesn’t have permission from its original sovereign owners to enter the territory at this time,” Bear Runner said.
The 1868 treaty acknowledged Sioux sovereignty over the Black Hills in perpetuity but after gold was discovered in the area the federal government forced the Sioux to relinquish this part of their reservation. In 1980, the US supreme court ruled that tribal lands covered by the treaty had been taken from the Sioux illegally…
The monument was, they argue, carved into a mountain with its own spiritual meaning, sits on stolen land, was designed and executed by a sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, who had ties to white supremacists , and represents presidents each of whom had dirty hands in terms of slavery and racial oppression.
“The rocks already had spiritual meaning before westerners came to squat our territory,” Bear Runner said. “The land is rightfully ours, and we didn’t give the Black Hills over. It would be wrong for me as a tribal leader to remain diplomatic. We consider the carvings a symbol of trying to wipe us away and to say they had conquered us.”…”
Excerpts Courtesy of Guardian News & Media Ltd. Emphasis our own. Read the entire article here: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jul/01/mount-rushmore-donald-trump-sioux
In the Dakota War of 1862, a military tribunal sentenced 303 Native Dakota men to death. US President Lincoln commuted the sentence of 264 and the other 38 were hanged. So, Lincoln actually saved 264 Dakota men, who might have otherwise been killed. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_War_of_1862 This was during the US Civil War, too.
Borglum only designed Mount Rushmore. The hard work was done by an Italian immigrant named Luigi Del Bianco, who had trained in Austria and Venice. As described in the Smithsonian article “The Sordid History of Mount Rushmore” http://archive.vn/iap3J , Borglum, whose parents were Mormon immigrants from Denmark, was more an opportunist than anything. On-the-make opportunist also describes the Trump family. Grandpa Trump came to the USA in 1885, twenty years after the Civil War, and made the family fortune during gold rushes. He also avoided his obligatory military service in Germany, so Germany stripped him of his citizenship and sent him back to the USA (and our government stupidly accepted him). The same can be said of his mother, who immigrated in 1930 and took jobs from Americans, after the 1929 crash. She could have stayed in the UK but, a selfish opportunist, decided to come take a job from Americans instead, even as unemployment continued to rise. “Opportunism is the practice of taking advantage of circumstances – with little regard for principles or with what the consequences are for others.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opportunism
Trump Jr.’s girlfriend went to South Dakota, though not to the rally, and so could have transmitted Covid-19 to people there.
From “The Guardian”:
“Kimberly Guilfoyle, Donald Trump Jr’s girlfriend, tests positive for Covid-19: Ex-Fox News presenter is key fundraiser for Trump re-election campaign and latest of president’s circle to contract the disease
By Guardian staff Sat 4 Jul 2020 04.00 BST
Trump’s event in South Dakota – like a recent campaign rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma – has also alarmed public health experts for taking place during the pandemic and for playing little mind to social distancing protocols or other steps to avoid spreading the virus…
Guilfoyle had travelled to be with Trump as he gave a high-profile speech in South Dakota but did not attend the event after getting the positive test result, the New York Times reported . She had not been in recent proximity to the president and Donald Trump Jr tested negative, the paper said…”
Excerpts Courtesy of Guardian News & Media Ltd. Read the entire article here: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jul/04/kimberly-guilfoyle-donald-trump-jrs-girlfriend-tests-positive-for-covid-19
The person who actually worked on Mount Rushmore: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Del_Bianco
Borglum worked on the Stone Mountain Georgia design, before being fired. This is the basis of the allegation of Klan involvement. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Mountain
“The Dakota War of 1862, also known as the Sioux Uprising, the Dakota Uprising, the Sioux Outbreak of 1862, the Dakota Conflict, the U.S.–Dakota War of 1862 or Little Crow’s War, was an armed conflict between the United States and several bands of Dakota (also known as the eastern Sioux). It began on August 17, 1862, along the Minnesota River in southwest Minnesota, four years after its admission as a state. Throughout the late 1850s in the lead-up to the war, treaty violations by the United States and late annuity payments by Indian agents caused increasing hunger and hardship among the Dakota. During the war, the Dakota made extensive attacks on hundreds of settlers and immigrants, which resulted in settler deaths, and caused many to flee the area. This ended with soldiers capturing hundreds of Dakota men and interning their families. A military tribunal quickly tried the men, sentencing 303 to death for their crimes. President Lincoln would later commute the sentence of 264 of them. The mass hanging of 38 Dakota men was conducted on December 26, 1862, in Mankato, Minnesota; it was the largest mass execution in United States history…. “. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_War_of_1862
“The son of Danish immigrants, Gutzon Borglum was born in 1867 in St. Charles in what was then Idaho Territory. Borglum was a child of Mormon polygamy. His father, Jens Møller Haugaard Børglum (1839–1909), came from the village of Børglum in northwestern Denmark. He had two wives when he lived in Idaho: Gutzon’s mother, Christina Mikkelsen Børglum (1847–1871), and her sister Ida, who was Jens’s first wife…. At Stone Mountain he developed sympathetic connections with the reorganized Ku Klux Klan, who were major financial backers of the monument…” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gutzon_Borglum Børglum is in the northern tip of Jutland.
“In 1885, at the age of 16, Friedrich emigrated from Kallstadt to the United States”
“The Black Hills Gold Rush took place in Dakota Territory in the United States. It began in 1874 following the Custer Expedition and reached a peak in 1876-77. Rumors and poorly documented reports of gold in the Black Hills go back to the early 19th century. In the 1860s, Roman Catholic missionary Father De Smet is reported to have seen Sioux Indians carrying gold which they told him came from the Black Hills.Prior to the Gold Rush, the Black Hills were used by Native Americans (primarily bands of Sioux but others also ranged through the area). The United States government recognized the Black Hills as belonging to the Sioux by the Treaty of Laramie in 1868. Despite being within Indian territory, and therefore off-limits, white Americans were increasingly interested in the gold-mining possibilities of the Black Hills.” See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hills_Gold_Rush