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Americans Call Congress to Stop HR 5038: https://www.house.gov/representatives/find-your-representative Rather than improving conditions for US Farmworkers, the US House is trying to pass HR 5038 which gives subsidies for housing for foreign farmworkers on the H-2a visas, while expanding H-2a to farm related year-round jobs. More: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2019/12/09/urgent-call-us-congress-to-stop-hr-5038-amnesties-illegal-farmworkers-h-2a-visas-still-unlimited-for-seasonal-work-adds-year-round-work-category-for-dairies-food-processing-more/ Those using H-2a are required to provide transportation, housing (and apparently food) to the foreign workers who are imported. Furthermore, their foreign worker housing must be inspected. Not so for US workers, as explained further below. (Once you are an American you can drop dead and no one cares. The US politicans and companies will simply import more. If you care for the country or have no place else to go, you had better get to hollering.)

Subsidies for H-2a foreign worker housing. See bottom line, below.

Remember that migrant farmworkers can be Americans moving around the country (itinerant), whereas immigrant means that they are foreigners. Migrant means to move, whereas immigrant is those who move into a place, and emigrants are those who leave. H-2a (im)migrant workers can be from overseas, and not just Latin America.

From The Midwest Center for Investigative Reporting:
Blighted Housing: Visa program requires housing inspections for Non-U.S. farmworkers By Midwest Center Staff April 13, 2016
Hundreds of migrant workers come to the United States from Mexico and other countries with special H-2A farm visas, but they make up only a fraction of the total number of migrant workers.
SEE RELATED: “BLIGHTED HOUSING: INSPECTIONS FAIL TO STEM POOR CONDITIONS FOR MIGRANT FARMWORKERS” https://investigatemidwest.org/2016/04/13/blighted-housing-inspections-fail-to-stem-poor-conditions-for-migrant-farmworkers/

From October to December of 2015, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services agency approved [1] company petitions for H-2A status for more than 24,700 workers.

Companies in Illinois received approval for only five workers during that time.

Employers are required to offer free housing for migrant laborers under an H-2A work visa for foreign workers.

In Missouri, housing is required to be inspected if it’s for H-2A workers but voluntary for employers that hire non-H-2A migrant workers.

SEE RELATED: “BLIGHTED HOUSING: A LOOK INSIDE EIGHT MIGRANT FARMWORKER CAMPS” https://investigatemidwest.org/2016/04/13/blighted-housing-a-look-inside-eight-migrant-farmworker-camps/

The H-2A program federally requires that workers live in free housing inspected by state and local authorities. That housing can include licensed labor “camps,” another common term for migrant housing, but does not have to.

At least six out of 10 farmworkers are undocumented, meaning they are in the country illegally, according to a study by the Southern Poverty Law Center.

“What we have is a group of disenfranchised people in this country, many of whom are third and fourth generation agricultural workers who live in some of the most impoverished counties in the United States where there isn’t enough employment to sustain them on a 12-month, year-round basis,” said Bobbi Ryder, head of the National Center for Farmworker Health [2], a Texas nonprofit organization. “It is a relatively invisible population.”

SEE RELATED: “MUCH OF MISSOURI MIGRANT FARMWORKER HOUSING LEFT OUT OF INSPECTION PROGRAM” https://investigatemidwest.org/2016/04/13/blighted-housing-much-of-missouri-migrant-farmworker-housing-left-out-of-inspection-program/

The agencies that inspect housing for H-2A workers are not always the agencies that inspect housing for non-H-2A workers.

For example, the Illinois Department of Employment Security handles H-2A housing inspections, according to Melaney Arnold, state Department of Public Health spokeswoman. The health department’s inspectors cover housing for non-H-2A migrant farmworkers.

Reporting by Robert Holly, Acton H. Gorton, Claire Everett and Francisco Vara-Orta/for The Midwest Center for Investigative Reporting

The Midwest Center for Investigative Reporting is a nonprofit, online newsroom offering investigative and enterprise coverage of agribusiness, Big Ag and related issues through data analysis, visualizations, in-depth reports and interactive web tools. Visit us online at http://www.investigatemidwest.org
[1] https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/Resources/Reports%20and%20Studies/Immigration%20Forms%20Data/Employment-based/I129_h2a_performancedata_fy2016_qtr1.pdf
[2] http://www.ncfh.org/about.html

The US Government estimates the illegal farmworker population to be 50%. 50%? 60%? More? No one really knows: https://www.ers.usda.gov/topics/farm-economy/farm-labor/#legalstatus