American Indian, Arab Americans, Asian, black, ethnic group, ethnicity, Germany, Hispanic, India, MENA, Middle East, Near East, Palestine, Palestinian American, race, Rashida Tlaib, refugees, Trump, UK, white, Women of color
US Congresswoman Tlaib, as a Palestinian-American/Arab-American woman, is not classified as a “woman of color”, as widely reported, but as “white”. Arab Americans fought long and hard to be classified as “white”, when that was a good thing for them. Now some wish to have a special MENA (Middle East/North Africa) status. However, others realize that having a special category may be dangerous and facilitate persecution and/or government surveillance. If ever they get a special minority status, you can expect a large uptick in immigration from the MENA countries, as has been the case for India, since immigrants from India were given minority set-asides and special privileges meant for African Americans who are descendants of slaves, and American women.
The most absurd protected minority is “hispanic”, however. What this classification means is that if your ancestors immigrated from Germany, Ireland, Italy, Spain, the Middle East, etc, to Latin America, then you are a hispanic “minority” and get special rights and privileges. In stark contrast, if you are German-American, Irish-American, Italian-American, or Arab American, you are supposedly the beneficiary of “white privilege”.
As an example, if your ancestors were German-American religious refugees and your ancestors fought the Nazis in WWII, you are supposed to give way to the supposedly persecuted “hispanic” immigrant descendants of old Nazis who hid in Latin America.
According to this US Census article, if you are Mayan or Incan or other indigenous Latin American, then you are classified as “American Indian”. This, and the fact that many indigenous Latin Americans don’t speak Spanish further underlines the absurdity of “Hispanic” as a special protected “minority”.
From the US Census:
“The U.S. Census Bureau must adhere to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards on race and ethnicity which guide the Census Bureau in classifying written responses to the race question:
White – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.
Black or African American – A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
American Indian or Alaska Native – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.
Asian – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
The 1997 OMB standards permit the reporting of more than one race. An individual’s response to the race question is based upon self-identification.
An individual’s response to the race question is based upon self-identification. The Census Bureau does not tell individuals which boxes to mark or what heritage to write in. For the first time in Census 2000, individuals were presented with the option to self-identify with more than one race and this continued with the 2010 Census.
People who identify with more than one race may choose to provide multiple races in response to the race question. For example, if a respondent identifies as “Asian” and “White,” they may respond to the question on race by checking the appropriate boxes that describe their racial identities and/or writing in these identities on the spaces provided.
What is Race?
The data on race were derived from answers to the question on race that was asked of individuals in the United States. The Census Bureau collects racial data in accordance with guidelines provided by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and these data are based on self-identification.
The racial categories included in the census questionnaire generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country and not an attempt to define race biologically, anthropologically, or genetically. In addition, it is recognized that the categories of the race item include racial and national origin or sociocultural groups. People may choose to report more than one race to indicate their racial mixture, such as “American Indian” and “White.” People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.
OMB requires five minimum categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
Reasons for Collecting Information on Race
Information on race is required for many Federal programs and is critical in making policy decisions, particularly for civil rights. States use these data to meet legislative redistricting principles. Race data also are used to promote equal employment opportunities and to assess racial disparities in health and environmental risks.
Race and Ethnicity Research
The Census Bureau has a long history of conducting research to improve questions and data on race and ethnicity. Since the 1970s, the Census Bureau has conducted content tests to research and improve the design and function of different questions, including questions on race and ethnicity.”
The US Census has opted to keep Arab Americans under the “white category”.
“Are Arab Americans White? Maybe Not, according to US Census”
By Dora Mekouar NOVEMBER 18, 2015 https://blogs.voanews.com/all-about-america/2015/11/18/are-arab-americans-white-maybe-not-according-to-us-census
Median income 2017 (half above and half below)
Asian males $48,842
Asian females $28,260
White males $41,578
White females $25,793
Black males $30,112
Black females $23,639
Asian-Indian households have the highest median income at $100,000 https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/08/key-facts-about-asian-americans/
“A Minority Business Enterprise (MBE) is an American term which is defined as a business which is at least 51% owned, operated and controlled on a daily basis by one or more (in combination) American citizens of the following ethnic minorityand/or gender (e.g. woman-owned) and/or military veteran classifications:
1. African American
2. Asian American (includes West Asian Americans (India, etc.) and East Asian Americans (Japan, Korea, etc.))
3. Hispanic American – Persons with origins from Latin America, South America, Portugal and Spain.(SBA.gov)
4. Native American including Aleuts
5. Service-Disabled Veteran Owned aka SDVBE, aka DVBE* which became a federally certified classification in 1999, subsequent to the passage legislation by the United States Congress through the enactment of The Veterans Entrepreneurship and Small Business Act of 1999 (The Act); legislation that was further expanded by Congress in 2001.**
According to the U.S. Small Business Administration, minorities own more than 4.1 million firms, and account for nearly $700 billion in revenues.
MBE’s can be self-identified but are typically certified by a city, state or federal agency. DiversityBusiness.com is the primary organization for connecting businesses with Fortune 1000, Government Agencies and Educational organizations.
“Some minority groups are presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged and can qualify for the 8(a) program. These groups include: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, Asian Pacific Americans and Subcontinent Asian Americans. Individuals who are not members of one or more of these groups can be considered for the 8(a) program, but they must provide substantial evidence and documentation that demonstrates that they have been subjected to bias or discrimination and are economically disadvantaged. Firms owned by Alaska Native Corporations, Indian Tribes, Native Hawaiian Organizations and Community Development Corporations can also apply to the program.”
Note that US Congresswoman Tlaib’s family were de facto refugees due to the sort of policies promoted by Trump, Trump-Kushner longtime friend Netanyahu and Trump mega-donor Sheldon Adelson. Trump’s mother, on the other hand, was an economic migrant from the UK, who stole jobs from Americans during the Great Depression, and his paternal grandfather emigrated both to avoid military service and to make his fortune in North America, before returning home to Germany. The Germans realized that grandpa Trump had avoided military service and deported him back to the United States, while the grandmother was very pregnant with Trump’s father. It was a better deal for Germany than putting him in jail, but a bad deal for America. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashida_Tlaib