1939, Bessarabia, division of Europe between Germany & Soviet Union, Eastern Europ, Estonia, Germany, history, Hitler, Hitler loan to Stalin, Hitler Stalin non-aggression treaty, Hitler Stalin Pact, Hitler Stalin trade treaty, invasion of Poland, Kremlin, Latvia, Lithuania, Molotov, Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Moscow, Nazi Germany, Panzers, Poland, Poland partition, Polish Independence, Polish State, Putin, Ribbentrop, Run up to World War II, Russia, Second World War, Secret Pact Hitler Stalin, Soviet Union, Stalin, World War II
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (Russia) signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the USSR, on 23 August 1939, and then they jointly invaded Poland and disappeared it from the map. The agreement was in place until Hitler launched an attack on the USSR in Eastern Poland on 22 June 1941 (Operation Barbarossa): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molotov–Ribbentrop_Pact In other words, Stalin only changed to the Allied side because he was double-crossed by Hitler. Both ethnic Poles and Jewish Poles suffered greatly at the hands of the Nazis, who even wiped Poland from the map, with the help of Russia (USSR).
“THE MOLOTOV-RIBBENTROP PACT WAS, IN FACT, THREE SEPARATE TREATIES SIGNED IN 1939.
THE FIRST WAS A TRADE TREATY SIGNED IN BERLIN ON AUGUST 21 BY WHICH NAZI GERMANY AGREED TO ADVANCE A CREDIT OF 200 MILLION MARKS TO THE SOVIET UNION.
THE SECOND WAS A NON-AGGRESSION TREATY CONCLUDED IN MOSCOW ON AUGUST 23. IT CONTAINED THE USUAL CLAUSES FOR RENOUNCING AGGRESSIVE DESIGNS ON THE OTHER.
THE THIRD DOCUMENT, A SECRET PROTOCOL ALSO SIGNED IN THE KREMLIN ON AUGUST 23, PROVIDED–THE WORLD WOULD SOON DISCOVER–FOR THE DIVISION OF EASTERN EUROPE INTO GERMAN AND SOVIET SPHERES OF INFLUENCE.
THE PROTOCOL, BASED ON CONFIDENTIAL CONVERSATIONS BETWEEN SOVIET FOREIGN MINISTER VYACHESLAV MOLOTOV AND GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP DURING THE EVENING OF AUGUST 23, STIPULATED THAT POLAND WOULD BE DIVIDED ALONG AN APPROXIMATE LINE FORMED BY THE NAREW, VISTULA AND SAN RIVERS. “…WHETHER THE INTERESTS OF BOTH PARTIES MAKE DESIRABLE THE MAINTENANCE OF AN INDEPENDENT POLISH STATE AND HOW SUCH A STATE SHOULD BE BOUNDED,” THE DOCUMENT EXPLAINED, “CAN ONLY BE DETERMINED IN THE COURSE OF FURTHER POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS.”
IN DEFINING SPHERES OF INFLUENCE FOR OTHER AREAS OF EASTERN EUROPE, THE SECRET PROTOCOL SUGGESTED THAT “A TERRITORIAL AND POLITICAL REARRANGEMENT” OF THE BALTIC STATES SHOULD BE ALONG THE NORTHERN BOUNDARY OF LITHUANIA, WITH GERMANY RETAINING INFLUENCE OVER THAT COUNTRY. LATVIA AND ESTONIA WOULD FALL UNDER THE SOVIET SPHERE OF INFLUENCE. IN SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE, GERMANY RECOGNIZED MOSCOW’S EXCLUSIVE INTEREST IN BESSARABIA AT ROMANIA’S EXPENSE.
A WEEK LATER, ON SEPTEMBER 1, NAZI GERMANY’S PANZER DIVISIONS MOVED AGAINST POLAND, THUS TRIGGERING WORLD WAR II… THE SOVIET UNION FOLLOWED WITH ITS INVASION FROM THE EAST ON SEPTEMBER 17.
IN A CURT NOTE TO THE POLISH AMBASSADOR IN MOSCOW THAT SAME DAY, MOLOTOV ASSERTED “THE POLISH STATE AND ITS GOVERNMENT HAVE CEASED TO EXIST… THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT HAS DIRECTED THE HIGH COMMAND OF THE RED ARMY TO ORDER ITS TROOPS TO CROSS THE FRONTIER…” REALIZING THE FUTULITY OF FURTHER RESISTANCE, THE POLISH ARMY SURRENDERED AND KATYN’S FUTURE VICTIMS WERE DISARMED AND TAKEN INTO CUSTODY–NEVER TO BE FREED.” “Secret/Declassified ARTICLE: KATYN AND WALLENBERG–TWO REASONS WHY EUROPE IS STILL CYNICAL ABOUT “GLASNOST” https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/WALLENBERG%2C%20RAOUL%20%20%20VOL.%203_0094.pdf
“This pact between Hitler and Stalin paved the way for WWII PRI’s The World https://www.pri.org/stories/2014-08-21/pact-between-hitler-and-stalin-paved-way-world-war-ii-was-signed-75-years-ago
“Prior to 1918, Poland had been partitioned among its neighbours and wiped off the map of Europe for more than 120 years.” http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/334660,Poland-celebrates-Independence-Day
See more here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_evolution_of_Poland
POLAND THE MOST CONCERNED ABOUT RUSSIA (2017):
“Publics Worldwide Unfavorable Toward Putin, Russia” AUGUST 16, 2017 BY MARGARET VICE http://www.pewglobal.org/2017/08/16/publics-worldwide-unfavorable-toward-putin-russia/