Alfred Hempel GmbH, Argentina, British intelligence, China, Dubai, enriched uranium, Germany, heavy water, India, Iran, Nazi, Orda AG, PRC, South Africa, Switzerland, UAE, Uranium ore, USSR, World War II, Zug
Yes, we jumped from Firm 1 to 9, because that’s what was found, thus far.
This is from 1991, but at the minimum we continue to live with the consequences. Many of the players in the Trump drama show up in earlier corruption scandals (e.g. BCCI, Iran-Contra), so no one can be certain the past is even past. This guy’s dead, so maybe it’s over. However, some troublemakers have kids which are worse than they are. And, would Swiss law allow something similar to happen today? Hempel certainly died at a convenient time at only 69 years old in 1989. He was reportedly an old Nazi.
From the US Congressional Record:
“July 18, 1991
PROLIFERATION PROFITEERS: PART 22
HON. FORTNEY PETE STARK
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Thursday, July 18, 1991
Mr. STARK. Mr. Speaker, today I am placing into the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD the 22d in my series of case studies on foreign companies which have contributed to the spread of nuclear weapons. With the historic agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union on the START accord to reduce the number of nuclear warheads, there is even more reason to focus our energies on the threat of nuclear proliferation.
FIRM 9. 0RDA AG (SWITZERLAND)
Orda AG of Switzerland is a small nuclear materials trading firm established by Alfred Hempel GmbH of Germany in 1980 with an investment of $34,000 that grew into a multi-million dollar enterprise in just five years.
According to British intelligence sources, the firm’s location in the “uncontrolled” Swiss tax haven of Zug enabled it to act as a transshipper for sensitive nuclear materials-most importantly heavy water useful in the production of plutonium for nuclear weapons-without regard to German export laws and regulations.
The Hempel group apparently channelled all deliveries of such heavy water to India through the Swiss subsidiary. Orda is also believed to have shipped between four and six tons of enriched uranium from the People’s Republic of China to South Africa as well as several tons of uranium ore from the PRC to Argentina. Sources: Nuclear Fuel 7125/88, pp. 7-8, 91 191 88, p. 4 by Mark Hibbs; Die Tageszeitung, lOn/89, pp. 14-15 by Thomas Scheuer; Wall Street Journal, 6121188, p. 34, 1/3189, pp. 1, 6 by John J. Fialka; Die Zeit, 101 21188 by Wolfgang Hoffmann. https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/GPO-CRECB-1991-pt13/pdf/GPO-CRECB-1991-pt13-5-3.pdf
“GERMANY’S HEAVY WATER LAUNDRY” by Gary Milhollin October 13, 1988
“Alfred Hempel (1920–1989) was a German businessman. He attracted international attention because of his trade and smuggling of materials used in nuclear facilities in Pakistan, India, Argentina and several other countries.
During World War II, Hempel received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross while serving as a battalion leader at Kolberg, Pomerania.
Hempel came into the public spotlight after it was revealed in 1988 that he had smuggled Norwegian and Russian heavy water to India. This was used in one of the Indian reactors used for the production of nuclear weapon material. The transfer happened in 1983, and was one of several such operations carried out by Hempel’s network of companies. In 1984 Hempel’s company was accused by the U.S. Department of State of transferring nuclear technology and material to Libya. In 1994 and 1995, he is said to have arranged the shipment of gas centrifuge parts from Pakistan to Iran via Dubai. Hempel’s technique during this and other such operations was to apply for export of the heavy water to a country that already had such material, such as Germany, then divert the shipment to the real buyer. He was involved in transfers of nuclear material from China, the U.S.S.R., and Norway to ultimate buyers including India, South Africa, and Argentina.
Arild Aspøy: Family Jewels, (Familiejuveler, Cappelen 1990) * http://lccn.loc.gov/90197055
* Gordon, Michael R. (4 November 1988). “Oslo asserts India got atom material”. New York Times. Retrieved 4 September2017.
* “Brisante Lieferung”. Der Spiegel. 31 October 1988. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
* “Waffenexporte: Auch bei Neckermann”. Der Spiegel. 9 January 1989. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
* Milhollin, Gary (10 June 1990). “Asia’s Nuclear Nightmare: The German Connection”. The Washington Post. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
1. ^ Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists: At your service, 1989
2. ^ Stopping the Spread of Nuclear Weapons: The Past and the Prospects, David Fischer, pp 138-140
3. ^ Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks, Mark Fitzpatrick, page 54
4. ^ Allah’s Bomb: The Islamic Quest for Nuclear Weapons, Al J. Venter, page 203
5. ^ Exporting trouble – West Germany’s freewheeling nuclear business, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Dan Charles, April 1989
6. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 380.
7. ^ Milhollin, Gary (4 January 1989). “Bonn’s Proliferation Policy”. New York Times. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
8. ^ Milholin, Gary (4 March 2014). “Nukes ‘R’ Us (Opinion)”. New York Times. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
9. ^ Fitzpatrick, Mark (2007). Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks : a Net Assessment. International Institute for Strategic Studies. p. 54. ISBN 0860792013.
* Categories: 1920 births1989 deathsGerman businesspeopleNuclear proliferation
This page was last edited on 3 January 2019, at 14:47 (UTC). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Hempel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
Emphasis our own.
ONE HAS TO WONDER WHY THIS WAS EDITED IN 2019?