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Apparently a US Senate super majority of 60 votes was needed to proceed to a vote in the very short timeline given for the US Congress to object. They were only 3 votes short of stopping Trump-Mnuchin from lifting sanctions.

SCHUMER STATEMENT ON SENATE REPUBLICANS’ REFUSAL TO BLOCK TRUMP ADMIN’S RELIEF OF RUSSIA SANCTIONS January 17, 2019
Washington, D.C. – U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer today released the following statement regarding Senate Republicans’ refusal to block the Treasury Department’s relief of sanctions on three Russian companies.
 
Forty two Republican senators chose today to stand with Vladimir Putin rather than the American people. The Trump administration has been shamefully and suspiciously weak on President Putin, and the Senate had a chance today to send a strong, bipartisan message that we won’t let Putin’s cronies off the hook. Today’s vote sends an unfortunate signal to Putin that he can continue to mess around and manipulate the US without repercussions. I’m extremely disappointed that many of my Republican colleagues are too afraid of breaking with President Trump to stand up to a thug.”
https://www.democrats.senate.gov/newsroom/press-releases/schumer-statement-on-senate-republicans-refusal-to-block-trump-admins-relief-of-russia-sanction

In Treasury’s sanctions-lifting agreement, Deripaska would retain ownership of a significant portion of the companies. His relinquished shares would be distributed to people and entities that he is likely to have influence over. What’s more, Treasury’s proposed actions directly benefit him by paying down his debt with VTB Bank, which is itself sanctioned. Further, we’ve learned that the new Chairman of Deripaska’s company, handpicked by Treasury, is himself a critic of our Russia sanctions and defender of Putin.” (US Congresswoman Maxine Waters, Jan 17, 2019)

Why did Kamala Harris fail to prosecute Mnuchin? Is anyone investigating her family’s possible Russia connections? Her grandfather was a diplomat in pro-Soviet India. Her mother’s family name is the same as a well-known communist. Her father may be a Marxist, based on a cursory look at the titles of his publications – obviously not a crime, but could be part of a larger picture. If they were really involved in the Civil Rights movement, there should be FBI files.

Why no mention of Lord Barker?

US Congresswoman Speier about possible Mnuchin conflict of interest: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2019/01/30/us-congresswoman-speier-letter-to-mnuchin-re-possible-conflict-of-interest-in-lifting-of-russian-sanctions/

Vote Summary 
Question: On the Cloture Motion (Motion to Invoke Cloture on S.J. Res. 2 )
Vote Number: 6
Vote Date: January 16, 2019, 12:32 PM
Required For Majority: 3/5
Vote Result: Cloture Motion Rejected
Vote Counts:
YEAs 57
NAYs
42
Not Voting
1
https://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=116&session=1&vote=00006

Lord Barker of Battle, the chair of the aluminium giant EN+ which is majority-owned by Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska, did not wish to appear in open session before MPs because he hopes to persuade Washington to lift the sanctions, letters show…
Barker, a former energy minister who has also been employed by Roman Abramovich,…
“. See: https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/oct/30/tory-peer-declines-to-give-public-evidence-to-mps-over-russian-firm

A related letter by Lord Barker https://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/foreign-affairs/Correspondence/2017-19/Times-leak-Tom-Tugendhat-MP-17-19.pdf

Meanwhile, Deripaska girlfriend-model/escort was detained:
Russia Detains Belarusian Escort Claiming Trump Secrets
Last Updated: January 17, 2019 20:53 GMT https://www.rferl.org/a/belarusian-escort-nastya-rybka-co-defendants-deported-from-thailand/29715069.html

https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2019/01/30/alleged-deripaska-escort-girlfriend-nastya-rybka-who-allegedly-had-trump-election-related-recording-released-from-russian-police-custody-but-remains-suspect/

Belarusian Model Proclaims Innocence, Apologizes in Moscow Court
January 22, 2019 7:31 AM RFE/RL Current Time TV https://www.voanews.com/a/belarusian-model-proclaims-innocence-apologizes-in-moscow-court/4753450.html

SCHUMER TO FORCE SENATE VOTE TO BLOCK TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S RECENT ACTION TO RELAX SANCTIONS AGAINST THREE RUSSIAN COMPANIES January 13, 2019

In December, U.S. Treasury Announced Its Intent to Relax Sanctions On Three Russian Companies That Are Largely Controlled By Russian Oligarch Oleg Deripaska, Who Is Reported To Have Extensive Ties To Former Trump Campaign Manager Paul Manafort, Starting 30-Day Clock For Congress To Act

Following Senate Committee Review Process, Schumer Has Concluded That Treasury’s Proposal Is Insufficient And Senate Must Take Action To Block Sanctions Relief And Right The Trump Administration’s Wrong, Especially Given That The Special Counsel’s Investigation, Which Is Reportedly Looking Into Mr. Deripaska, Has Not Yet Completed Its Work

Under The 2017 Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), Leader Schumer Can Bring A Privileged Resolution Of Disapproval Of The Sanctions Relief To Floor For Vote – Both Chambers Of Congress Must Act By Jan. 17

Washington, D.C.—Today, U.S. Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) announced he will force a vote in the U.S. Senate in the coming days on a resolution to disapprove of the U.S. Treasury Department’s decision in December to relax sanctions for three Russian companies connected to Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska, who is reportedly among those under investigation by Special Counsel Mueller and said to have deep ties to former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort: EN+ Group Plc, JSC EuroSibEnergo, and United Co. Rusal Plc.

When the Treasury Department first announced its intention to relax these sanctions on December 19, 2018, Sen. Schumer, Banking Committee Ranking Member Sherrod Brown (D-OH), and Foreign Relations Committee Ranking Member Bob Menendez (D-NJ) issued a statement laying out their concerns regarding the Treasury Department’s ability to enforce the agreement reached with the companies to limit Deripaska’s control, noting that the new Congress would need to review the decision.  https://www.banking.senate.gov/newsroom/minority/schumer-brown-menendez-statement-on-treasury-decision-to-delist-russian-firms-from_sanctions

Following the completion of the Senate Committee review process, Leader Schumer has concluded that the Treasury Department’s decision to lift sanctions on these three Russian companies was misguided and believes that the Senate must act to right the Trump Administration’s wrong, especially given the fact that the Special Counsel’s Russia investigation has not yet completed its work.

Under The 2017 Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), Leader Schumer has the right to bring a privileged Resolution of Disapproval of the Sanctions Relief to the floor for a vote in the Senate. After Leader Schumer calls up the privileged resolution, a simple majority of the Senate is needed to proceed to the resolution and then 60 votes is required to invoke cloture. Final passage of the resolution to disapprove requires only a simple majority. Under the CAATSA, the resolution must be passed by both chambers of Congress by January 17, 2019.

“After consultation with the relevant committee ranking members and my colleagues, I have concluded that the Treasury Department’s proposal is flawed and fails to sufficiently limit Oleg Deripaska’s control and influence of these companies, and the Senate should move to block this misguided effort by the Trump Administration and keep these sanctions in place,” said Leader Schumer. “Furthermore, given Mr. Deripaska’s potential involvement with Paul Manafort and the fact that the Special Counsel’s Russia investigation has not yet concluded its work, it’s all the more reason these sanctions must remain in place. I urge all of my Senate colleagues to vote to reverse the Administration’s wrongheaded decision to relax these much-needed sanctions.”

Additional Background:  Under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), Congress has a 30 day window to make an independent assessment of whether the sanctions decision protects U.S. economic and national security.

In this case, that gives Congress until January 17th to pass a disapproval resolution if it determines one is needed, as any resolution must be pending in committee for 10 days before it is subject to discharge to the full Senate. Schumer’s decision to force a vote comes after consultation with the Ranking Members on the Banking, Foreign Relations, and Intelligence Committees, and others.

Schumer first filed the resolution of disapproval on January 4, 2019 and submitted a statement for the record, which can be read here.
http://democrats.senate.gov/010419-leader-schumer-statement-for-the-record
The resolution is available here. https://www.democrats.senate.gov/ros19025
###
https://www.democrats.senate.gov/newsroom/press-releases/schumer-to-force-senate-vote-to-block-trump-administrations-recent-action-to-relax-sanctions-against-three-russian-companies

Rusal Ruse: Doggett on Trump Admin Lifting Sanctions on Russian Aluminum Producer Washington, D.C. — Congressman Lloyd Doggett released the following statement in reaction to the Trump Administration lifting sanctions on Rusal, a company controlled by sanctioned Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska. Rep. Doggett previously uncovered that the Trump Administration granted a tariff exemption to Rusal USA. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/09/us/politics/rusal-tariff-exemption.html
“President Trump is sliding another big gift under Vladimir Putin’s Christmas Tree: lifting sanctions on Russian aluminum producer Rusal. Administration endorsement of what appears to be a shell game brokered by a sanctioned Russian bank, VTB Bank, involving one of Putin’s closest buddies, Oleg Deripaska, only encourages Putin to pursue his destabilizing activities around the world. If, after Congressional review, this is what it appears—a Rusal ruse—then we should reject this latest Trump scam.”

https://doggett.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/rusal-ruse-doggett-trump-admin-lifting-sanctions-russian-aluminum

US Senate Vote NOT to Lift Sanctions Was Bipartisan, But Majority Of Republicans Still Voted To Relax Sanctions
Placed on Calendar Senate (01/15/2019)
Calendar No. 13
116th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. J. RES. 2
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
January 4, 2019
Mr. Schumer introduced the following joint resolution; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
January 15, 2019
Committee discharged pursuant to section 216(c)(5)(B) of Public Law 115–44 and placed on the calendar

JOINT RESOLUTION
Disapproving the President’s proposal to take an action relating to the application of certain sanctions with respect to the Russian Federation.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Congress disapproves of the action relating to the application of sanctions imposed with respect to the Russian Federation proposed by the President in the report submitted to Congress under section 216(a)(1) of the Russia Sanctions Review Act of 2017 on December 19, 2018, relating to terminating sanctions imposed on En+ Group plc (“En+”), UC Rusal plc (“Rusal”), and JSC EuroSibEnergo (“ESE”). https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-joint-resolution/2/text

The “Yeas” here mean those who support the resolution and who don’t want sanctions lifted.
Grouped By Vote Position 
YEAs —57
Baldwin (D-WI)
Bennet (D-CO)
Blumenthal (D-CT)
Booker (D-NJ)
Boozman (R-AR)
Brown (D-OH)
Cantwell (D-WA)
Cardin (D-MD)
Carper (D-DE)
Casey (D-PA)
Collins (R-ME)
Coons (D-DE)
Cortez Masto (D-NV)
Cotton (R-AR)
Daines (R-MT)
Duckworth (D-IL)
Durbin (D-IL)
Feinstein (D-CA)
Gardner (R-CO)
Gillibrand (D-NY)
Harris (D-CA)
Hassan (D-NH)
Hawley (R-MO)
Heinrich (D-NM)
Hirono (D-HI)
Jones (D-AL)
Kaine (D-VA)
Kennedy (R-LA)
King (I-ME)
Klobuchar (D-MN)
Leahy (D-VT)
Manchin (D-WV)
Markey (D-MA)
McSally (R-AZ)
Menendez (D-NJ)
Merkley (D-OR)
Moran (R-KS)
Murphy (D-CT)
Murray (D-WA)
Peters (D-MI)
Reed (D-RI)
Rosen (D-NV)
Rubio (R-FL)
Sasse (R-NE)
Schatz (D-HI)
Schumer (D-NY)
Shaheen (D-NH)
Sinema (D-AZ)
Smith (D-MN)
Stabenow (D-MI)
Tester (D-MT)
Udall (D-NM)
Van Hollen (D-MD)
Warner (D-VA)
Warren (D-MA)
Whitehouse (D-RI)
Wyden (D-OR)

NAYs —42
Alexander (R-TN)
Barrasso (R-WY)
Blackburn (R-TN)
Blunt (R-MO)
Braun (R-IN)
Burr (R-NC)
Capito (R-WV)
Cassidy (R-LA)
Cornyn (R-TX)
Cramer (R-ND)
Crapo (R-ID)
Cruz (R-TX)
Enzi (R-WY)
Ernst (R-IA)
Fischer (R-NE)
Graham (R-SC)
Grassley (R-IA)
Hoeven (R-ND)
Hyde-Smith (R-MS)
Inhofe (R-OK)
Isakson (R-GA)
Johnson (R-WI)
Lankford (R-OK)
Lee (R-UT)
McConnell (R-KY)
Murkowski (R-AK)
Paul (R-KY)
Perdue (R-GA)
Portman (R-OH)
Risch (R-ID)
Roberts (R-KS)
Romney (R-UT)
Rounds (R-SD)
Scott (R-FL)
Scott (R-SC)
Shelby (R-AL)
Sullivan (R-AK)
Thune (R-SD)
Tillis (R-NC)
Toomey (R-PA)
Wicker (R-MS)
Young (R-IN)
Not Voting – 1
Sanders (I-VT)
https://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=116&session=1&vote=00006