corruption, dangers of nuclear, December 12 2018 earthquake, earthquake hazard, Eastern Tennessee earthquake, environment, nuclear, nuclear disaster, nuclear energy, nuclear reactors, nuclear safety, Old concrete and seismic risk, Seismic hazard, TVA, Watts Bar Nuclear, Watts Bar nuclear earthquake
The orange skulls are nuclear power stations/nuclear facilities.
Construction started at Watts Bar Nuclear Power Station on Unit 1: July 20, 1973 and on Unit 2: September 1, 1973. “Unit 2 was 80% complete when construction on both units was stopped in 1985”
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watts_Bar_Nuclear_Plant These two nuclear reactor units were eventually finished. So, concrete foundations, etc., would be very, very old.
“Seismic Vulnerability of RC Buildings under the Effect of Aging ”
Procedia Environmental Sciences 38 ( 2017 ) 461 – 468 International Conference on Sustainable Synergies from Buildings to the Urban Scale, SBE16 S.T. Karapetroua,*, S.D. Fotopouloua, K.D. Pitilakisa https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187802961730141X
See discussion here: http://steamshovel2002.blogspot.com/2018/12/junk-plant-watts-bar-42-earthquake.html
“Paleoseismic evidence for multiple Mw 6 earthquakes in the Eastern Tennessee seismic zone during the late Quaternary,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (2017). DOI: 10.1785/0120160161 Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-06-evidence-large-earthquakes-eastern-tennessee.html
TVA has a worrisome track record of apparent corruption. For instance:
This was a comparatively small earthquake but still feels something like a truck hit your house, even at some distance.
The December, 12, 2018 9:14 (UTC) Tennessee earthquake occurred in the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone (ETSZ). The ETSZ extends across eastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia into northeastern Alabama. It is one of the most active earthquake areas in the Southeast. Although the zone is not known to have had a large earthquake, a few earthquakes in the zone have caused slight damage. Earthquakes too small to cause damage are felt about once a year. Earthquakes too small to be felt are abundant in the seismic zone, and seismographs record about 120 each year. Notable earthquakes in the region include the 2003-04-29 M 4.6 – 9km NE of Fort Payne, Alabama and the 1973-11-30 M 4.7 – eastern Tennessee earthquakes.
Earthquakes in the central and eastern U.S., although less frequent than in the western U.S., are typically felt over a much broader region. East of the Rockies, an earthquake can be felt over an area as much as ten times larger than a similar magnitude earthquake on the west coast. A magnitude 4.0 eastern U.S. earthquake typically can be felt at many places as far as 100 km (60 mi) from where it occurred, and it infrequently causes damage near its source. A magnitude 5.5 eastern U.S. earthquake usually can be felt as far as 500 km (300 mi) from where it occurred, and sometimes causes damage as far away as 40 km (25 mi). The December, 12, 2018 M4.4 Decatur, Tennessee earthquake was felt over a 500 km (310 mile) swath from Southern Kentucky to Fort Benning, Georgia. Reports of strong shaking capable of causing slight damage have been reported near the epicenter.
Earthquakes everywhere occur on faults within bedrock, usually miles deep. Most of eastern Tennessee’s bedrock originated several hundred million years ago, as the Appalachian Mountains were formed.
At well-studied plate boundaries like the San Andreas fault system in California, often scientists can determine the name of the specific fault that is responsible for an earthquake. In contrast, east of the Rocky Mountains this is rarely the case. The Eastern Tennessee seismic zone is far from the nearest plate boundaries, which are in the center of the Atlantic Ocean and in the Caribbean Sea. The Eastern Tennessee seismic zone is laced with known faults, but numerous smaller or deeply buried faults remain undetected. Even the known faults are poorly located at earthquake depths. Accordingly, few, if any, earthquakes in the Eastern Tennessee seismic zone can be linked to named faults. It is difficult to determine if a known fault is still active and could slip and cause an earthquake. As in most other areas east of the Rockies, the best guide to earthquake hazards in the seismic zone is the earthquakes themselves.
H/T to Walter and FC at the Louisiana Sinkhole Bugle: https://lasinkhole.wordpress.com