Austria, Betrayal of Czechoslovakia, Chamberlain, Crimea, Czechoslovakia, ethnic cleansing, France, genocide, German, Germany, Great Powers, Hitler, immigration, Italy, Kaliningrad, Munich Agreement, Mussolini, Peace for our time, Poland, Rand Paul, Rhineland, Russia, Second World War, Sudetenland, Third Reich, UK, Versailles, World War II
Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1976-063-32 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
“Hitler’s plan was for German troops to enter this portion of Sudetenland between 6 and 7 October 1938 ” https://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/blog/the-munich-agreement/
On September 29, 1928, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy agreed in Munich to give part of Czechoslovakia to Germany: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_Agreement
“This Sunday will mark the 80th anniversary of the infamous Munich agreement – the deal between Hitler, Mussolini and the two western European powers, which cut off the German speaking borderlands from Czechoslovakia, including a significant part of its industry and protective ring of forts, thus rendering the young republic defenceless to any future German invasion…” Read and listen here: “MUNICH AGREEMENT – THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE GREAT POWERS EXPLAINED“, by Tom McEnchroe 27-09-2018 https://www.radio.cz/en/section/czech-history/munich-agreement-the-behaviour-of-the-great-powers-explained
Unlike Crimea, which is only recently Russian/Russian-speaking, at least parts of Czechoslovakia were historically Germanic/German-speaking. Nonetheless, they were supposed to be in Czechoslovakia and the government had apparently built its defenses against Hitler accordingly: “Edvard Benes, the leader of Czechoslovakia, was concerned that if Germany was given the Sudetenland, most of the Czech defences would be handed over to the Germans and they would be left defenceless.” (UK NationalArchives) And, indeed they were entirely run over by Germany. See more below.
Excerpted from: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/chamberlain-and-hitler/
“The Treaty of Versailles, made in 1919 at the end of the First World War, was intended to make a lasting peace. Many people felt that the Treaty had caused terrible resentment in Germany on which Hitler had been able to play in order to achieve power. The government believed that Hitler and Germany had genuine grievances, but that if these could be met (‘appeased’) Hitler would be satisfied and become less demanding.
Hitler was open about his refusal to accept many of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Soon after he became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 he began to re-arm the country, breaking the restrictions placed on the German armed forces.
In 1936, he sent German troops into the Rhineland and in March 1938 he joined Germany and Austria.
Czechoslovakia was the logical next step for his aggression and German Nazis in the Sudetenland were told to stir up the trouble that led to the crisis examined here. Edvard Benes, the leader of Czechoslovakia, was concerned that if Germany was given the Sudetenland, most of the Czech defences would be handed over to the Germans and they would be left defenceless.
Chamberlain’s flight to Berchtesgaden was followed by another to Godesberg a week later and then another to Munich on 29 September. At Munich, Chamberlain got an international agreement that Hitler should have the Sudetenland in exchange for Germany making no further demands for land in Europe.
Chamberlain said it was ‘Peace for our time’. Hitler said he had ‘No more territorial demands to make in Europe.’ On 1 October German troops occupied the Sudetenland: Hitler had got what he wanted without firing a shot.
Although people in Britain were relieved that war had been averted, many now wondered if appeasement was the best decision. They did not think it would stop Hitler, and simply delayed the war, rather than prevented it. Even while Chamberlain was signing the Munich Agreement, he was agreeing a huge increase in spending to increase Britain’s armament in preparation for war. He must have known from the situation outlined to him by General Ismay, that Czechoslovakia was lost, that war was bound to come.
Six months later, in March 1939, German troops took over the rest of Czechoslovakia. Poland seemed to be the next most likely victim of Nazi aggression and Chamberlain made an agreement with the Poles to defend them in Germany invaded. Hitler did not think Britain would go to war over Poland, having failed to do so over Czechoslovakia. He sent his soldiers into Poland in September 1939. The same day, Britain declared war on Germany.
Chamberlain struggled on as Prime Minister until May 1940 when he resigned and Winston Churchill, a bitter critic of appeasement, took over.
Chamberlain died in November 1940; however he continued to be vilified for appeasement in general and for his actions in September 1938 in particular long after his death and the conclusion of the war.” Read more and see original documents here: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/chamberlain-and-hitler/ http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/ Emphasis our own.
“ONDŘEJ MATĚJKA –“THE SUDETENLAND WAS AN EXTRAORDINARY EXAMPLE OF THE MAKING OF A TOTALITARIAN SOCIETY”, Tom McEnchroe 29-09-2018 https://www.radio.cz/en/section/czech-history/ondrej-matejka-the-sudetenland-was-an-extraordinary-example-of-the-making-of-a-totalitarian-society
Russia’s takeover of Crimea raises the question of if a country (like Russia) kills, deports, and/or overwhelms another country (or region) with immigrants-forces the residents to learn the invaders’ language and culture does it belong to the invaders? At what point? This behavior is known as genocide and cultural genocide or ethnic cleansing, which is what Russia’s done in Crimea. They also did it in Kaliningrad. Russia first invaded Crimea in the late 1700s (1783), but Russian speakers only became the majority sometime between 1939 and 1959. Kaliningrad has only been Russian since 1945.
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (centre) leaves for home after meeting with Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden, 16 September 1938 German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop visible at right. Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-H12486 / CC-BY-SA 3.0