China, dangers of nuclear, Defense industry, ICBM, India, Intercontinental Ballistic Missile, nuclear power, nuclear weapons, Pakistan, Putin, Russia, Russia defense industry, Russian weapons sales India, Weapons of Mass Destruction
India conducted the fifth test of its nuclear capable intercontinental ballistic missile on Thursday from the Abdul Kalam Island off Odhisa’s coast in the east. The country’s most advanced missile, the Agni V, has a range of more than 5,000 kilometers, and will bring all of China within range when it is inducted into the armed forces. ”We have successfully launched nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-V today,” Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said.
The Defense Ministry called the test a “major boost” to the country’s defense capabilities. The 17.5-meter-long, surface-to-surface missile which has been domestically developed, is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead of about 1.5 tons and is crucial in India’s efforts to develop an effective nuclear deterrence, according to defense analysts.
India is estimated to have about 120 to 150 nuclear warheads. “It becomes very obvious from the perspective that, yes, India has got two adversaries, Pakistan and China, and both of them are nuclear weapons state and both of them have missile capability. So you are developing a missile to ensure the strategic balance in the region is maintained,” said Ajay Lele at the Indian Institute of Defense Studies and Analyses in New Delhi.
Tensions between India and China spiked last year when the two countries were involved in their most serious confrontation in decades along a strategic Himalayan plateau where India accused China of building a road that would make it easier to access its territory. Although troops from both sides stepped back after more than two months, the standoff has left India increasingly wary of China, with whom it has a long-running boundary dispute.
However defense experts said the test was not linked to the spike in tensions, saying that the technology had long been under development. “One should look at it from that perspective, instead of putting too much onto India’s existing relations with its adversaries,” said Lele.
Besides adding muscle to India’s nuclear capability, the Agni V is also an intrinsic part of New Delhi’s aspirations to be viewed as a regional power. Only China, France, Russia the United States and Britain have long-range nuclear weapons. India is also spending billions of dollars to upgrade its weapons and modernize its military.
However inducting the Agni V missile into the armed forces could still take time. Thursday’s test was described as a user test and analysts say at least one more test is likely before the missile is fully operational. Agni means fire in Hindi and Sanskrit, and earlier generations of the missile are capable of targeting Pakistan and some parts of China.” https://www.voanews.com/a/india-tests-long-range-missile/4213202.html
“During the Cold War, India and the Soviet Union (USSR) enjoyed a strong strategic, military, economic and diplomatic relationship. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia inherited the close relationship with India, even as India improved its relations with the West after the end of the Cold War.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India–Russia_relations
“As of 2012, Russia has managed to maintain its position as the number two exporter of arms to the world in spite of losing sales in some markets such as Libya and India, by selling products to new markets in Africa and Latin America. “Between 2012 and 2015, India will once again become the number one importer ($14.3 billion), followed by Venezuela ($3.2 billion) instead of Algeria. Vietnam will rank third, with imports of $3.2 billion.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defense_industry_of_Russia
So, was the ICBM made and/or designed in India or Russia? Made in India of Russian design?
“India test-fires missile amid perceived threats from China, Pakistan Posted:Thu, 18 Jan 2018 17:30:25 +0530 NEW DELHI (Reuters) – India tested its longest-range intercontinental missile on Thursday, the defence ministry said, part of efforts to build a nuclear deterrent against neighbouring Pakistan and China“. http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/INtopNews/~3/QBhQAh_DcIQ/india-test-fires-missile-amid-perceived-threats-from-china-pakistan-idINKBN1F71HR