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This is a dangerous waste of taxpayer money unless the fact that “deep space travel poses a real and unique threat to the integrity of neural circuits in the brain” [1] can be solved. The Trump administration signed an agreement with Russia which apparently allows a transfer of this and other related research to Russia’s space agency, Roscosmos!

The majority of Americans are opposed to nuclear power.
Aug. 2, 2017
NASA Contracts with BWXT Nuclear Energy to Advance Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Technology
As NASA pursues innovative, cost-effective alternatives to conventional propulsion technologies to forge new paths into the solar system, researchers at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, say nuclear thermal propulsion technologies are more promising than ever, and have contracted with BWXT Nuclear Energy, Inc. of Lynchburg, Virginia, to further advance and refine those concepts.

Part of NASA’s Game Changing Development Program, the Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) project could indeed significantly change space travel, largely due to its ability to accelerate a large amount of propellant out of the back of a rocket at very high speeds, resulting in a highly efficient, high-thrust engine. In comparison, a nuclear thermal rocket has double the propulsion efficiency of the Space Shuttle main engine, one of the hardest-working standard chemical engines of the past 40 years. That capability makes nuclear thermal propulsion ideal for delivering large, automated payloads to distant worlds.

“As we push out into the solar system, nuclear propulsion may offer the only truly viable technology option to extend human reach to the surface of Mars and to worlds beyond,” said Sonny Mitchell, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion project manager at Marshall. “We’re excited to be working on technologies that could open up deep space for human exploration.”

An NTP system can cut the voyage time to Mars from six months to four and safely deliver human explorers by reducing their exposure to radiation. That also could reduce the vehicle mass, enabling deep space missions to haul more payload.

Given its experience in developing and delivering nuclear fuels for the U.S. Navy, BWXT will aid in the design and testing of a promising, low-enriched uranium-based nuclear thermal engine concept and “Cermet” — ceramic metallic — fuel element technology. During this three-year, $18.8-million contract, the company will manufacture and test prototype fuel elements and also help NASA properly address and resolve nuclear licensing and regulatory requirements. BWXT will aid NASA in refining the feasibility and affordability of developing a nuclear thermal propulsion engine, delivering the technical and programmatic data needed to determine how to implement this promising technology in years to come.

The company’s new contract is expected to run through Sept. 30, 2019.

Nuclear-powered rocket concepts are not new. The United States conducted studies and significant ground tests from 1955 to 1972 to determine the viability of such systems, but ceased testing when plans for a crewed Mars mission were deferred. Since then, nuclear thermal propulsion has been revisited several times in conceptual mission studies and technology feasibility projects. Thanks to renewed interest in exploring the Red Planet in recent decades, NASA has begun new studies of nuclear thermal propulsion, recognizing its potential value for exploration of Mars and beyond.

In late September, the Nuclear Thermal Propulsion project will determine the feasibility of using low-enriched uranium fuel. The project then will spend a year testing and refining its ability to manufacture the necessary Cermet fuel elements. Testing of full-length fuel rods will be conducted using a unique Marshall test facility.

The Nuclear Thermal Propulsion project is managed by NASA’s Game Changing Development Program, part of the agency’s Space Technology Mission Directorate.

To learn more about Game Changing Development technologies, visit:

https://gameon.nasa.gov

For more about NASA’s Nuclear Thermal Propulsion project, visit:

https://gameon.nasa.gov/gcd/files/2016/05/FS_NTP_160525.pdf
Jennifer Stanfield
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
256-544-0034
jennifer.stanfield@nasa.gov   
Last Updated: Aug. 4, 2017
Editor: Lee Mohon

https://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/news/releases/2017/nasa-contracts-with-bwxt-nuclear-energy-to-advance-nuclear-thermal-propulsion-technology.html

https://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/news/releases/2014/ntrees.html

Note 1: A dangerous waste of money unless this problem is solved:
Parihar, V. K. et al. “Cosmic radiation exposure and persistent cognitive dysfunction. Sci. Rep. 6, 34774; doi: 10.1038/srep34774 (2016).
The Mars mission will result in an inevitable exposure to cosmic radiation that has been shown to cause cognitive impairments in rodent models, and possibly in astronauts engaged in deep space travel. … Cosmic radiation also disrupted synaptic integrity and increased neuroinflammation that persisted more than 6 months after exposure… Our data provide additional evidence that deep space travel poses a real and unique threat to the integrity of neural circuits in the brain…. Despite our long-standing knowledge that patients subjected to cranial radiotherapy for the control of brain malignancies develop severe and progressive cognitive deficits 8,9, the total doses and radiation types used in the clinic differ significantly from those encountered in space. Compelling evidence has now demonstrated the adverse effects of space-relevant fluences of charged particles on cognition7,10–15, and our studies, have linked functional behavioral decrements to the erosion of neuronal structure and synaptic integrity in specific regions of the brain7,16. Importantly, these changes were found to persist 6 weeks following acute exposure of rodents to charged particles, and showed little or no signs of recovery, regeneration or repair7. Here, we extend our studies …
“. Parihar, V. K. et al. “Cosmic radiation exposure and persistent cognitive dysfunction. Sci. Rep. 6, 34774; doi: 10.1038/srep34774 (2016). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep34774

Image by Christina MacPherson of Nuclear News Net. See nuclear news here: https://nuclear-news.net