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[Update as of 2 Oct 10.59 am – 893 injured enough to require medical care, 4 still hospitalized, of which 2 in serious condition. http://premsa.gencat.cat/pres_fsvp/AppJava/salut/notapremsavw/303473/ca/actualitzacio-del-departament-de-salut-en-relacio-les-persones-que-han-rebut-assistencia-sanitaria-durant-el-referendum-2-doctubre-10-hores.do ]

If the PM of Spain is acting like a Fascist, perhaps it’s because his party was founded by Francoist-Fascists.

Before the violent crackdown, came the web site crackdown: On September 12th, one could see this poster on the referendum web site. The English translation reads: “You were born with the capacity to decide. Will you give that up? More than ever the future of Catalonia is in your hands“.

By Sept. 14, 2017 it had been seized by the Spanish government. And, isn’t that a fasces in the image?

Sure enough! “Flag of the National Fascist Party, bearing the fasces, which was the premier symbol of Italian Fascism“.

Released to Public Domain via: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascist_symbolism Franco used another symbol, however: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbols_of_Francoism

Then came this: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/09/21/arrest-of-catalan-government-officials-takeover-of-catalan-institutions-by-spanish-police-trying-to-halt-independence-referendum-francos-ghost-walks/

And, on Sunday came 844 injuries due to Spanish police brutality:
Spanish riot police burst into polling stations across Catalonia on Sunday, confiscating ballot boxes and voting papershttp://feeds.reuters.com/~r/Reuters/worldNews/~3/y02zE3sr_FQ/violence-erupts-as-catalans-vote-on-split-from-spain-idUSKCN1C60YA

At the last count, at least 844 were injured trying to vote in the Catalan Independence Referendum. 90% voted for independence. Looking at polls, the crackdown by Spain appears to have shifted the vote more in the direction of independence. It should be recalled that the Spanish Prime Minister Rajoy’s party was created by Francoist-fascists. This situation is rather sadly ironic as his grandfather lost his job under Franco apparently due to supporting autonomy for the Galicia region.

5,313,000 should have had the right to vote. 770,000 could not vote because 400 polling stations had been closed and ballots seized by the Spanish police. Thus, only approximately 4,543,000 actually had the right to vote, but apparently risked injury at the hands of the Spanish police. 2,262,424 voted, meaning that the turnout was at around 50%. Original Oct. 2nd 1.50 am update here (and at their twitter account) : http://premsa.gencat.cat/pres_fsvp/AppJava/notapremsavw/303468/ca/el-si-simposa-amb-un-90-dels-vots-2-262-424-catalans-que-han-pogut-votar.do For points of comparison: for lower house elections from 1960 to 95, Spanish turnout was 73% (though this includes the Franco dictatorship years) and US turnout 48% in the same period. The turnout for the 2016 US elections was 58%. [1] It is unclear if some of these 770,000 voted elsewhere, however.


”Officials in Catalonia said more than 800 people were injured when police tried to keep residents from voting. Spain’s Constitutional Court suspended a law passed by the region’s parliament calling for the vote, but the referendum was held anyway.

Officers from Spain’s national police forces raided polling places in an effort to close them down and halt voting. Video showed police dragging people from polling stations and beating and kicking would-be voters and demonstrators.” “Early Results Show Overwhelming Support for Catalonia Independence” Last Updated: October 01, 2017 7:40 PM, by Martin Arostegui https://www.voanews.com/a/catalonina-independence-referendrum/4051709.html

Even Google translate “detect language” identifies this as the Catalan language and NOT Spanish. This case raises the question of if we are to have Nation-States or States. Language is intrinsic to culture and national identity. On what basis does a non nation-state find unity?

Original October 1st 9.30 pm update here: http://premsa.gencat.cat/pres_fsvp/AppJava/salut/notapremsavw/303465/ca/actualitzacio-del-departament-de-salut-en-relacio-les-persones-que-han-rebut-assistencia-sanitaria-durant-el-referendum-21-30h.do


Link: http://youtu.be/CUJ0Aw6QNeI

If this referendum is not legally binding under Spanish law, and if only a minority were supportive of independence before the Spanish police crackdown, why then the police crackdown? It is a crackdown on freedom of expression. No surprises that the Spanish PM’s political party was created by fascists (Franco regime members.)

The People’s Party was a re-foundation in 1989 of the People’s Alliance (Alianza Popular, AP), a party led and founded by Manuel Fraga Iribarne, a former Minister of the Interior and Minister of Tourism during Francisco Franco’s dictatorship.”

AP was born on 9 October 1976… Out of the seven founders the first 6 had held cabinet-level offices during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. The odd one …. had also been part of the Francoist administration… Fraga… made a turn towards Neo-Francoism[2]

Stephen Burgen
Max Borrell Espinosa was in the Jaume Balmes high school in Barcelona when riot police charged in this morning. The 17-year-old, who is not a student at the school but lives nearby, says young and old alike were beaten with truncheons.
He said:
Yesterday around 300 of us decided to spend the night in Jaume Balmes secondary school,… with the aim of being able to open the school on Sunday for the referendum.

This morning, when we opened the doors, vanloads of riot police arrived. We had agreed on a policy of passive resistance to protect the ballot boxes. The aggression of the state security forces created an atmosphere of tension, beating the young and elderly alike with their truncheons…. We are powerless faced with the repression of the Spanish government but brave enough to carry on with this process that will allow us to decide our future in a democratic fashion.” Excerpted from original found here: https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2017/oct/01/catalan-independence-referendum-spain-catalonia-vote-live

Rajoy is the grandson of Enrique Rajoy Leloup, one of the architects of the Statute of Autonomy of Galicia in 1932, who was removed from university teaching by the dictatorship in the early 1950s.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariano_Rajoy


Excerpted from VOA: “Puigdemont said he would appeal to the European Union to look into alleged human rights violations in connection with the violent efforts to halt the vote.

In a statement late Sunday, the State Department said the United States supports a strong and united Spain. The U.S. also supports the right to free assembly, the statement said, and urged those involved to act consistent with Spanish law.

Several labor unions and other organizations called for a strike Tuesday to protest the police crackdown.

Crackdown began immediately

Violence erupted early in the day when police prevented Puigdemont from casting a ballot in his home district of Gerona. Police in riot gear charged a crowd that tried to surround them at the polling station, hitting one protestor in the eye with a rubber bullet.

Puigdemont was later filmed voting at another polling station. Catalan authorities urged voters to cast ballots at any open polling station they could find. In some cases people cast votes in ballot boxes set up on the streets.

“The Spanish state has prevented Catalans from exercising their rights, giving a terrible image of Spain” Puigdemont told journalists.

Spanish police officials say that they were let down by the Catalan regional police force who had assured them that they would not allow polling stations to open.

By midafternoon balloting seemed to be proceeding normalcy at some main voting stations.

The mainstream social democratic opposition party, PSOE which at first supported the conservative government’s hard-line policy towards Catalan secession, called on Rajoy and Puigdemont to resign and call new elections…Early Results Show Overwhelming Support for Catalonia Independence” Last Updated: October 01, 2017 7:40 PM, by Martin Arostegui Read entire article here: https://www.voanews.com/a/catalonina-independence-referendrum/4051709.html


Notes
[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voter_turnout
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/voter-turnout-2016-elections/
Poll data found here – https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Referèndum_sobre_la_independència_de_Catalunya

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariano_Rajoy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Party_(Spain)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People’s_Alliance_(Spain)

vs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carles_Puigdemont
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convergence_and_Union

Violence erupts as Catalans vote on split from Spain 
Posted:Sun, 01 Oct 2017 11:11:23 -0400
BARCELONA (Reuters) – Spanish riot police burst into polling stations across Catalonia on Sunday, confiscating ballot boxes and voting papers to try to halt a banned referendum on a split from Spain as Madrid asserted its authority over the rebel region“. http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/Reuters/worldNews/~3/y02zE3sr_FQ/violence-erupts-as-catalans-vote-on-split-from-spain-idUSKCN1C60YA

https://web.archive.org/web/20170907114211/https://www.referendum.cat/en/
https://web.archive.org/web/20170912131104/https://www.referendum.cat/
https://web.archive.org/web/20170914203922/http://www.referendum.cat/

Video which was also purged from the web site: http://youtu.be/s8_BqpeUydo

On re-use of Catalan government information. The now defunct referendum website is included in this, according to wikipedia: “The Administration allows the reuse of the content and the data freely for everyone without time limits or restrictions beyond those of the basic terms and conditions laid down in article 8 of the Law 37/2007 (mention of source, non-alteration or distortion of information and specification of date of last update), and so long that it does not contradict any license or notice that a work may hold.“. http://web.gencat.cat/en/menu-ajuda/ajuda/avis_legal/index.html
Wikipedia notice re referendum posters: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cartell_Referèndum_1_Octubre.jpg