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Google Map with US Government-MODIS Fire Data superimposed.
Taiwan’s: “Formosa owns and operates a chemical manufacturing facility in Point Comfort, Texas. This facility is located in Calhoun County along State Highway 35 and Farm to Market Road (FM) 1593, adjacent to Lavaca Bay. Formosa produces polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin, polyethylene, and ethylene“. https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/case-summary-settlement-formosa-plastics-corporation-site-wide-corrective-actions-point

Note that the flaring of toxic chemicals by Formosa is apparently being done “legally” whereas the dumping of plastic pellets, PVC, and more to waterways is illegal dumping, according to a July 31, 2017 lawsuit. Hurricane Harvey may have sucked up some of this plastic and dumped it inland, too.

They have a nasty track-record. For instance:
Mar 6, 2007
CSB Issues Final Report and Safety Video on Formosa Plastics Explosion in Illinois, Concludes That Company and Previous Owner Did Not Adequately Plan for Consequences of Human Error
http://www.csb.gov/csb-issues-final-report-and-safety-video-on-formosa-plastics-explosion-in-illinois-concludes-that-company-and-previous-owner-did-not-adequately-plan-for-consequences-of-human-error/

Jul 20, 2006
CSB Issues Case Study of Formosa Plastics Point Comfort, Texas, Fire and Explosions: Unprotected Piping, Non-Fireproofed Structures, Lack of Automatic Shutoff Valves Noted as Causes; Flame-Resistant Clothing Recommended
http://www.csb.gov/csb-issues-case-study-of-formosa-plastics-point-comfort-texas-fire-and-explosions-unprotected-piping-non-fireproofed-structures-lack-of-automatic-shutoff-valves-noted-as-causes-flame-resistant-clothing-recommended/

Explosion rocks Formosa steel plant in Vietnam that caused toxic spill
Posted:Tue, 30 May 2017 23:45:31 -0400
TAIPEI/HANOI (Reuters) – An explosion rocked Taiwanese conglomerate Formosa Plastics Group’s new steel plant in Vietnam late on Tuesday, a day after it resumed test operations for the first time since causing one of the country’s worst environmental disasters.
http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/environment/~3/DET5YbdAKaE/us-vietnam-formosa-blast-idUSKBN18R0CD

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS VICTORIA DIVISION
SAN ANTONIO BAY ESTUARINE WATERKEEPER and S. DIANE WILSON, Plaintiffs, vs. FORMOSA PLASTICS CORP., TEXAS, FORMOSA PLASTICS CORP., U.S.A., and FORMOSA PLASTICS CORP., AMERICA, Defendants.
Civil Action No. COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AND CIVIL PENALTIES (Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.)

INTRODUCTION
1. San Antonio Bay Estuarine Waterkeeper (“Waterkeeper”) and S. Diane Wilson (collectively “Waterkeepers” or “Plaintiffs”) bring this enforcement suit under section 505(a)(1) of the Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. §1365(a)(1), against Formosa Plastics Corporation, Texas, Formosa Plastics Corporation, U.S.A., and Formosa Plastics Corporation, America (collectively “Formosa,” or “Formosa Plastics”) for illegally discharging plastic pellets and polyvinyl chloride (“PVC”), dispersion (specialty) polyvinyl chloride (“SPVC”), and other plastic powders (collectively “plastics”) through its stormwater and wastewater into Cox Creek and Lavaca Bay in violation of Formosa’s Texas Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (“TPDES”) permit.

These violations have occurred and are continuing to occur at Formosa’s 2,500-acre plastics manufacturing plant in Point Comfort, Texas (“the Plant” or “the Facility”)
Case 6:17-cv-00047 Document 1 Filed in TXSD on 07/31/17 Page 1 of 26
Read the entire lawsuit filing here: https://www.courthousenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/FormosaPlastics.pdf

See a US EPA summary of Formosa spilling cancer-causing chemicals and apparently not cleaning it up, after the list of what they are currently flaring.

List to give general idea of what they are burning off (flaring) (as copy and pasted; please check at original link for any research uses as it hasn’t been checked line by line against original).
FORMOSA POINT COMFORT PLANT
Physical location
PLANT LOCATED NE OF INTX OF FM 1593 AND HWY 35
Regulated entity RN number
RN100218973
City, County
POINT COMFORT, CALHOUN
Type(s) of air emissions event:
AIR STARTUP
Event began:
08/29/2017 8:00AM
This is based on the:
INITIAL REPORT
Event ended:
09/05/2017 8:00AM
Cause
Unit start up following a planned shutdown
Action taken
Vent gas routed to Elevated Flare

Source 1: Elevated Flare , EPN number 1067

Acetylene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
2500.0 lbs (est.)
Benzene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
22000.0 lbs (est.)
Butadiene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
45000.0 lbs (est.)
Butane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
15100.0 lbs (est.)
Butene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
27000.0 lbs (est.)
Carbon Dioxide
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
30.0 lbs (est.)
Carbon Monoxide
19168/PSDTX1226
6221.16 LBS/HR
108387.13 lbs (est.)
Cyclopentadiene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
5000.0 lbs (est.)
Ethane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
56500.0 lbs (est.)
Ethylene (gaseous)
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
100000.0 lbs (est.)
Fuel Oil
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
200.0 lbs (est.)
HEPTANE (OR N-)
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
450.0 lbs (est.)
Hexane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
2500.0 lbs (est.)
Hydrogen
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
4000.0 lbs (est.)
Hydrogen Sulfide
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
6.57 lbs (est.)
Isoprene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
4200.0 lbs (est.)
Methane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
20000.0 lbs (est.)
Methyl Acetylene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
1500.0 lbs (est.)
Nitric oxide
19168/PSDTX1226
861.34 LBS/HR
16079.05 lbs (est.)
Nitrogen dioxide
19168/PSDTX1226
861.34 LBS/HR
846.27 lbs (est.)
Nonane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
414.43 lbs (est.)
Octane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
150.0 lbs (est.)
Pentane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
300.0 lbs (est.)
Pentene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
550.0 lbs (est.)
Propadiene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
1000.0 lbs (est.)
Propane
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
9500.0 lbs (est.)
Propylene (Propene)
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
25000.0 lbs (est.)
Styrene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
900.0 lbs (est.)
Toluene
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
7500.0 lbs (est.)
Wash Oil
19168/PSDTX1226
761.65 LBS/HR
400.0 lbs (est.)
Xylene
19168/PSDTX1226
Source 2: OL II , FIN number
Source 3: OL II Elevated Flare 1067 , FIN number NFLR1MMSVG
No other sources
http://www2.tceq.texas.gov/oce/eer/index.cfm?fuseaction=main.getDetails&target=266110
ted Flare 1067 , FIN number NFLR1MMSVG
No other sources
Return to search form

http://www2.tceq.texas.gov/oce/eer/index.cfm?fuseaction=main.searchForm

See more on the topic here:
https://www.buzzfeed.com/zahrahirji/damage-from-harvey-has-caused-millions-of-pounds-of-toxic?utm_term=.mfbAYeDaq

From the US EPA:
Information about the Company
Formosa owns and operates a chemical manufacturing facility in Point Comfort, Texas. This facility is located in Calhoun County along State Highway 35 and Farm to Market Road (FM) 1593, adjacent to Lavaca Bay. Formosa produces polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin, polyethylene, and ethylene.

Information about the Violation

Formosa began operations in 1980 and expanded the facility in 1994, 1998, and 2010. Formosa has 13 different manufacturing plant areas located on approximately 1,600 acres in south Texas. The facility is located in rural Calhoun County, with the city of Point Comfort to the southwest; ranchland to the west, north, and east; and the Alcoa bauxite facility to the southeast. Cox Creek flows along the eastern boundary of the property. Lavaca Bay is located approximately 1 mile west of the facility, and the Gulf of Mexico is located approximately 1.5 miles east of the facility.

In 1982, Formosa reported discharges of 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2 DCA or EDC) to the former wastewater treatment plant area and releases of EDC to the soil and groundwater in the PVC production area. EPA issued the existing 3008(h) in 1991 and required Formosa to conduct corrective actions, including a RCRA Facility Investigation, a Corrective Measures Study, and Corrective Measures Implementation according to a specific schedule. In 1993, Formosa reported a discharge of EDC when a tank collapsed in the Chlor Alkali Plant. Surface soils were removed, and a pump and treat system was emplaced to remediate contamination in saturated soils and groundwater.

In 2004, EPA required Formosa to conduct corrective actions in the area affected by the 1993 discharge of EDC, in accordance with the 1991 Order. Formosa initiated dispute resolution to object to the inclusion of the expansion area in the 1991 Order.

From 2007 to 2009, EPA and Formosa transitioned from EPA’s traditional procedure for corrective action to the Region 6 CAS. Formosa prepared a Conceptual Site Model and drafted a Risk Management Plan. EPA hosted a public meeting to discuss the proposed Corrective Measures in October 2009. Formosa finalized the Risk Management Plan in 2010 in lieu of the final Corrective Measures Study Report.

In discussions during 2010, Formosa agreed to a site-wide AOC for corrective actions. After further discussion with Formosa, EPA issued a draft site-wide corrective action 3008(h) AOC in April 2011; after six months of negotiations, Formosa objected to the 3008(h) AOC. EPA issued a UAO in January 2012; Formosa objected to the 3008(h) UAO in February 2012. As a result of negotiations between EPA and Formosa, EPA issued the new 3008(a) AOC and amended the existing 3008(h) AOC in June 2012 to address all known environmental issues and concerns at the facility.

Pollutants and Environmental Effects

Formosa has reported multiple volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including chlorinated hydrocarbons (EDC) and daughter products, chloroform, and benzene in the soil and groundwater above health-based risk levels in site investigations conducted from 1988 to the present. Most of the VOCs are carcinogenic or probable carcinogenic substances. Shallow contaminated groundwater is contained to some degree by groundwater mounding effects from a facility to the south. Since the most chlorinated hydrocarbons are dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs), they are continuing to sink to lower layers of the Beaumont Clay formation. DNAPL has not been reported in monitoring wells because it is believed that the DNAPL is mostly adsorbed to the clay layers in the formation. There have been several reports over the operating period at the plant that described releases of chlorinated hydrocarbons to the nearby Cox Creek.

Summary of Administrative Order on the Consent

The 3008(a) AOC requires Formosa to do the following:
* apply for a post-closure permit or post-closure order for corrective actions with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality;
* conduct a Scoping Meeting to discuss revising the Conceptual Site Model to include all areas of the facility;
* submit a revised CAS work plan; and
* update the Risk Management Plan (RMP) and associated work plans that comprise the RMP.
The amendment to the 3008(h) AOC includes a revised schedule of corrective actions with dates for compliance.
https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/case-summary-settlement-formosa-plastics-corporation-site-wide-corrective-actions-point