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Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Overlay Indian Point Nuclear Power Station – Greenpeace OpenStreet Map Trump Tower 5th Ave NY http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/nuclear/nomorechernobyls/exclusion-zone-comparison-map/ Trump’s house at Mar-a-Lago has nuclear bunkers. Trump Tower 5th Ave., built of concrete, may have been conceived as an above ground bunker. However, even the Trumps might want to go outside, eventually.

They must stop making nuclear waste. The spent nuclear fuel canisters currently used appear dangerously inadequate. The currently filled canisters need to be quickly enclosed in a building which monitors for leaks. Pending new patents, additional spent fuel pools to separate the fuel rods may be a safer option than putting nuclear waste in apparently inadequate, flimsy, canisters of questionable quality, produced by India born Kris Singh’s Holtec or French State owned AREVA. Their monopoly must be broken and more competent players allowed to enter the market – preferably non-profits. Singh has apparently gained a quasi-monopoly due to legal abuse of affirmative action policies meant for African Americans and women, but which the US gov has allowed people from India to benefit from and possibly from bribery: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/why-was-holtec-debarred-as-tva-contractor AREVA has been under investigation by French officials for years related to the Uramin scandal. Below the Common Dreams article is more deatiled info. Also, search Holtec, spent nuclear fuel, casks, canisters, etc., within the Mining Awareness blog and go here: SanOnofreSafety.org
San Onofre Cesium 137 vs. Chernobyl by Donna Gilmore SanOnofreSafety
“Chernobyl in a Can”: San Onofre Cesium 137 vs. Chernobyl by Donna Gilmore SanOnofreSafety SanOnofreSafety.org

From Common Dreams:
Experts: US Still ‘Needlessly Vulnerable’ to Fukushima-Style Disaster
Published on Friday, May 26, 2017
Nuclear industry pressured regulatory commission into low-balling consequences of meltdown, especially in case of reactor fire, new article says by Nadia Prupis, staff writer

[…]

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) did not adequately account for safety hazards when approving certain upgrades to nuclear sites around the U.S., meaning the risk of a Fukushima-like disaster caused by a reactor fire is still high, according to an article [1] published in the journal Science on Friday.

Researchers from Princeton University and the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) argued that the NRC “relied on faulty analysis to justify its refusal to adopt a critical measure for protecting Americans from the occurrence of a catastrophic nuclear-waste fire at any one of dozens of reactor sites around the country.”

The risk is especially high in the sites’ cooling pools—basins that are used to store and reduce the temperatures of used radioactive fuel rods. Spent-fuel pools came into the international spotlight after the 2011 disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi [2] site in Japan, in which an earthquake-triggered tsunami disabled the electrical systems needed for the cooling process, leading to meltdowns at three of six reactors.

NRC commissioners “did not adequately account for impacts of large-scale land contamination events,” the scientists wrote. “Among rejected options was a measure to end dense packing of 90 spent fuel pools, which we consider critical for avoiding a potential catastrophe much greater than Fukushima.”

[…]

During its “top-to-bottom” review, prompted by the Fukushima disaster, the NRC found that the potential damage from a reactor fire would be about $125 billion, and that the consequences would be limited to within a 50-mile radius. The commission concluded that imposing an upgrade could of $50 million per pool at every U.S. nuclear site would be too high.

But the authors of the Science article said the nuclear industry had pushed the NRC to minimize the risks—and that the commission’s assumptions about cleanup time and consequences outside of the 50-mile radius were incorrect.

In fact, based on the examples of Fukushima and the 1986 Chernobyl meltdown, the scientists found that millions of residents would likely have to relocate in the instance of an event in the U.S., and that cleanup time would take much longer than one year, as the NRC concluded. That would result in $2 trillion in damages, they found—nearly 20 times the NRC’s estimate.

“Unless the NRC improves its approach to assessing risks and benefits of safety improvements—by using more realistic parameters in its quantitative assessments and also taking into account societal impacts—the United States will remain needlessly vulnerable to such disasters,” the article states.

Moreover, under the Price Anderson Act of 1957, the nuclear industry is only legally liable for $13.6 billion, the researchers said, meaning U.S. taxpayers would have to cover remaining recovery costs.

“The NRC has been pressured by the nuclear industry, directly and through Congress, to low-ball the potential consequences of a fire because of concerns that increased costs could result in shutting down more nuclear power plants,” von Hippel said. “Unfortunately, if there is no public outcry about this dangerous situation, the NRC will continue to bend to the industry’s wishes.”

The article comes just weeks after a tunnel used to store highly radioactive contaminated waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in southeast Washington state collapsed, triggering a state of emergency.
[1] http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6340/808.full
[2] https://www.commondreams.org/tag/fukushima
[3] http://wws.princeton.edu/news-and-events/news/item/us-nuclear-regulators-greatly-underestimate-potential-nuclear-disaster
[4] https://www.commondreams.org/news/2017/05/09/emergency-declared-after-tunnel-collapse-toxic-hanford-nuke-site This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

https://www.commondreams.org/news/2017/05/26/experts-us-still-needlessly-vulnerable-fukushima-style-disaster We removed the following statement, repeated twice, from the article and replaced it with […] as we understand it to be false: “Fukushima “could have been a hundred times worse had there been a loss of the water covering the spent fuel in pools associated with each reactor,” said co-author Frank von Hippel, a senior research physicist at Princeton.[3]” From our understanding, spent fuel pools lost water and probably caught fire. What saved things from being worse in Japan was the wind often blowing the radioactive materials offshore to the Pacific and North America.

See: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/02/26/tepco-usnrc-knew-fukushima-was-triple-meltdown-unit-123-almost-immediately-unit-4-spent-fuel-pool-believed-failed/

See too: https://nuclear-news.net/2017/05/26/potential-for-nuclear-disaster-greatly-underestimateed-by-u-s-nuclera-regulators/

Most US high level nuclear waste appears to be kept in open air parking-lot like set-ups, as WCS proposes for Texas. While the US harasses people at the airport over their shoes, etc., this is the real risk and it’s being ignored. The proposed interim storage facilities are also open air.
Spent nuclear fuel conceptual drawing for WCS to NRC
WCS Spent Nuclear Fuel Interim Storage Conceptual Drawing submitted to the US NRC

In the UK, Germany, Japan, Switzerland, and probably every European country with nuclear waste, the spent fuel casks are housed inside of some sort of building. A building would allow secondary monitoring of spent fuel canisters and the potential to filter any leaks. Additionally, a building would help protect from the elements, helping to reduce corrosion, and ideally be resistant to airplane attacks. The Ukraine, and Kazakhstan have open air facilities, built with US help. In the case of the Ukraine, “The Guardian” newspaper has called these “shocking”: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/may/06/nuclear-waste-stored-in-shocking-way-120-miles-from-ukraine-front-line

Most, and perhaps all, US high level nuclear is stored like North Anna Nuclear Power Station, which is near many small airports and the 50 mile fallout zone would impact Richmond Virginia and suburban DC. As seen in the pictures below, these spent fuel casks are huge, and yet only a very thin piece of metal protects the environment from potentially lethal levels of radioactive materials. Don’t be fooled into thinking that those at the bottom are in a building. This is the horizontal storage system sold by French state-owned Areva.
North Anna Nuclear Spent Fuel
NRC spent nuclear fuel horizontal storage
NRC spent fuel canisters
Clearly there is nothing innovative, then, about the spent nuclear fuel conceptual drawing for the WCS Interim Waste Facility as presented to the US NRC. Proposals by Holtec to insert the casks in the ground would mean increased corrosion rates, increased difficulties in monitoring, increased retrieval difficulties and do not necessarily protect from an airplane crash as they are not deep enough in the ground. The only decent solution is to store the nuclear waste in a hard-rock facility which remains permanently open and perpetually monitored. The second best is an above ground bunker-like facility, which is permanently open and perpetually monitored.

Additionally the nuclear waste oligopoly needs to be broken and innovation in storage encouraged, instead of being blocked. The storage needs to be not for profit in order to have better storage at lower cost.

Holtec casks Diablo Dec. 26 2005 or 2006
Holtec Spent Fuel Casks at Diablo Canyon, California
The majority of current U.S. irradiated spent fuel storage facilities use thin-walled (mostly 1/2” thick) stainless steel canisters that the NRC acknowledges cannot currently be inspected or repaired and are vulnerable to cracking and leaking 16 years after a crack starts.

These “dry storage thin steel canister systems cannot be inspected, maintained, repaired, adequately monitored to avoid radioactive leaks, and the DOE pilot plan has no plan for replacing failing canisters or retrieval of fuel, as required by NWPA.” (Excerpts from Donna Gilmore-San Onofre Safety, 7-31-2016 Comment to the US DOE on “Consent Based Siting”). Additionally, as she points out, “Near real-time radiation monitoring with public access should be required,yet it is not. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/interim-storage-open-air-parking-lots-of-high-level-nuclear-waste-risk-major-radioactive-leaks-most-canister-systems-do-not-meet-standards-made-of-thin-steel-neither-adequately-inspected-nor-adeq/ Public hearings have been held in New Mexico, Texas and in DC: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/02/12/dangerous-texas-high-level-radioactive-waste-open-air-parking-lot-dump-public-hearings-on-monday-and-wednesday-public-comment-to-march-13-license-application/

It is noteworthy that Idaho National [Nuclear] Lab lives off of promoting nuclear power and yet doesn’t want nuclear waste, even though that part of Idaho has already been subjected to a nuclear accident and is cool and arid. And, Idaho has a very low population.

An owner of EnergySolutions, Doug Kimmelman, did a fund-raiser for Trump and was a large Trump donor. Energy Solutions is trying to buy WCS. The US DOJ has an antitrust lawsuit ongoing against this merger. Whether or not the DOJ blocks this merger will be a major litmus test of the DOJ’s independence and integrity.
https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/interim-storage-open-air-parking-lots-of-high-level-nuclear-waste-risk-major-radioactive-leaks-most-canister-systems-do-not-meet-standards-made-of-thin-steel-neither-adequately-inspected-nor-adeq/
https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/12/20/why-is-large-trump-donor-nuclear-waste-king-kimmelman-charging-so-much-to-bury-nuclear-waste-probably-because-hes-a-goldman-sachs-alumnus-duh-comment-on-high-cost-of-burial-of-nuclear-waste/ Closing Arguments in case: https://www.justice.gov/atr/case-document/file/964601/download

From a statistical point of view they keep discovering that nuclear is even more deadly than initially thought. Based on the Oct. 2015 multi-government funded study of nuclear workers, risk appears around 15 times worse than even BEIR VII (ca 2005) thought, maybe even higher: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/12/19/another-look-at-the-recent-low-dose-radiation-exposure-study-inworks/
Clustered DNA damage, which is (almost) impossible to properly repair, is considered a signature of ionizing radiation: “clustered DNA damage sites, which may be considered as a signature of ionising radiation, underlie the deleterious biological consequences of ionising radiation…ionising radiation creates significant levels of clustered DNA damage, including complex double-strand breaks (DSB)” See: “Biological Consequences of Radiation-induced DNA Damage: Relevance to Radiotherapy“, by M.E. Lomax et. al. Clinical Oncology 25 (2013) 578-585. “The formation of clustered damage distinguishes ionising radiation-induced damage from normal endogenous damage: https://cordis.europa.eu/pub/fp5-euratom/docs/non_dsb_lesions_projrep_en.pdf More here: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/12/24/on-the-unique-dna-damage-done-by-ionizing-radiation-nuclear-materials-and-on-metting-hultgren-et-al-misleading-the-us-congress-in-this-matter/

One of Trump’s large donors is former Goldman Sachs investment banker Doug Kimmelman who is an owner of EnergySolutions. Like Holtec, Energy Solutions is privately held so it’s difficult to get information on them, including exact ownership. Holtec wouldn’t even comply with a government lawyer requests for the costs of their spent fuel cask production, which the government needed due to lawsuits by utilities.

NUCLEAR WASTE ANTI-TRUST CASE INVOLVING TRUMP DONOR-FUNDRAISER NEEDS WATCHING
Energy Solutions, owned by Trump large donor Doug Kimmelman, is trying to take-over competitor WCS in clear violation of anti-trust law: “The United States of America, acting under the direction of the Attorney General of the United States, brings this civil antitrust action to enjoin EnergySolutions, Inc. (“ES”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Rockwell Holdco, Inc. (“Rockwell”), from acquiring Waste Control Specialists LLC (“WCS”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Andrews County Holdings, Inc.https://www.justice.gov/atr/case-document/file/911051/download https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-sues-block-energysolutions-acquisition-waste-control-specialists
Photo of Fundraiser invitation – https://twitter.com/vosdscott/status/746402445010493440
Donald Trump hopes to cure cash woes with $449,400-per-ticket fundraiserhttps://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jul/11/donald-trump-campaign-donations-california-fundraiser-clinton.
Energy Solutions Clive Nuclear Waste Dump :
(San Onofre Nuclear steam generators were sent to Clive.)
https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/12/20/why-is-large-trump-donor-nuclear-waste-king-kimmelman-charging-so-much-to-bury-nuclear-waste-probably-because-hes-a-goldman-sachs-alumnus-duh-comment-on-high-cost-of-burial-of-nuclear-waste/ Hearings on making WCS into open air high level waste parking lot: http://www.texasvox.org/wcs-im-late-im-late-important-date/ Reuters reported on 17 March that “Makan Delrahim, a veteran lobbyist on President Donald Trump’s transition team, is expected to be nominated to head the U.S. Justice Department’s Antitrust Division“. http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/Reuters/PoliticsNews/~3/DTQwJPYH-bI/us-usa-trump-antitrust-exclusive-idUSKBN16O2O2

EnergySolutions got one of the earliest Fukushima clean-up contracts, as reported by the Guardian in March of 2012. It had the ALPs water system at Fukushima until at least end of 2014. Even though it was unable to thoroughly clean the water, and suffered many failures, it stayed at Fukushima and contaminated water was stored and sometimes (always?) dumped to the Pacific. It is unclear how many years it was at Fukushima, but it appears to have been there for approximately 2 years. EnergySolutions is trying to get the monopoly on nuclear waste burial in the US, in violation of antitrust law, but it’s for a Trump justice department to enforce and 46 US attorneys were fired by Trump. The Trump Administration thinks lead and mercury are good for people. So, don’t expect improvement. It may get worse. About EnergySolutions: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/01/05/when-investment-bankers-deal-in-nuclear-waste-for-investment-profit-we-need-to-be-very-scared/

CURRENTLY THE US ALLOWS 15 TIMES MORE RADIATION IN FOOD THAN JAPAN ALL OF THE TIME; CANADA, UK, AUSTRALIA-NZ ALLOW 10 TIMES AND EUROPE AROUND 6 TIMES. BUT WHEN ANOTHER NUCLEAR ACCIDENT OCCURS MORE EXPOSURE IS PLANNED. ONGOING FUKUSHIMA DISCHARGES OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS GO INTO THE OCEAN AND AIR CURRENTS – PRIMARILY IN THE DIRECTION OF NORTH AMERICA AND EUROPE VIA THE ARCTIC, BUT SECONDARILY TO THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE. DUE TO THE OLD AND SHODDY CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR REACTORS THE WORLD OVER, A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT IS IMMINENT. THEN THERE IS RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE NUCLEAR WASTE, WHICH IS BURIED OR STORED IN CANISTERS WHICH ARE COSTLY BUT OFTEN CHEAPLY MADE.

READ ABOUT-LINK TO THE CANCER RISKS AND US STANDARDS HERE: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/01/27/us-officially-allows-radiation-in-drinking-water-1000s-of-times-greater-than-clean-water-act-in-event-of-nuclear-accident-private-interim-nuclear-waste-storage-comment-deadline-today-11-59-pm-et-even/ EUROPEAN STANDARDS LINK FOUND HERE: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/02/18/russian-nuclear-threat-on-multiple-fronts-landsbergis-to-lukashenka-noose-is-ready-for-you-on-kremlin-chimes/

Regarding Energy Solutions Contract at Fukushima March of 2012: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/mar/14/energysolutions-fukushima-clean-up-contract

On the 21 of May, 2014, Reuters reported the following about the Energy Solutions ALPS (Advanced Liquid Processing System): “A water treatment facility known as the Advanced Liquid Processing System, designed to remove the most dangerous nuclides, was completely shut down again this week. The system has not been fully operational since it was installed nearly two years ago.” http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/environment/~3/N5wi8D-D4cc/story01.htm

In March 2014 the Japanese Times reported: “Tepco halts ALPS water cleanup system at Fukushima nuke plant“ JIJI, MAR 18, 2014: “Tokyo Electric Power Co. halted the operations of all three advanced radioactive water cleanup systems, collectively called Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS, at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant on Tuesday.http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/18/national/tepco-halts-alps-water-cleanup-system-at-fukushima-nuke-plant. They state: “With its daily processing capacity of 750 tons, ALPS is regarded as a key element in containing the radioactive water crisis at the crippled plant. However, due to a series of problems, Tepco has yet to start full operations

https://nuclear-news.net/2014/04/05/65225/

Here are the Japan Times Titles dealing with Energy Solutions ALPS
AUG 31, 2014
Tepco abandons goal of cleaning up radioactive water with ALPS system
Tokyo Electric Power Co. has given up its goal of completing radioactive water cleanup at its stricken Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant with its ALPS system within fiscal 2014, informed sources said Sunday. As of Tuesday, 367,000 tons of high-level radioactive water that had … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/08/31/national/tepco-abandons-goal-cleaning-radioactive-water-alps-system/

AUG 1, 2014
Water treatment to get into full swing at Fukushima No. 1 in December, Tepco claims
Tepco says it will begin full-scale operation in December of its trouble-plagued radioactive water treatment facility at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant after taking steps to improve its performance. Tokyo Electric Power Co. began a test-run of the facility, called the advanced liquid … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/08/01/national/water-treatment-get-full-swing-fukushima-1-december-tepco-claims/

JUN 22, 2014
Tepco restarts ALPS water treatment system at Fukushima No. 1
Tokyo Electric Power Co. resumed operations of the problem-plagued radioactive water treatment system at its crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant. But the multinuclide removal facility, called the advanced liquid processing system, or ALPS, is still in the test stage as its three treatment … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/06/22/national/tepco-restarts-alps-water-treatment-system-fukushima-1/

JUN 09, 2014
U.S. firm hired to scrub Fukushima No. 1 water
Tokyo Electric hires a U.S. firm to extract strontium from the radioactive water at the Fukushima No. 1 plant because it can’t get ALPS to work properly. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/06/09/national/u-s-firm-hired-to-scrub-fukushima-no-1-water/

MAY 20, 2014
ALPS water cleaner halted again
Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Tuesday it has again suspended its trouble-plagued system for cleaning radiation-tainted water at the Fukushima No. 1 power plant. Tepco put its Advanced Liquid Processing System (ALPS) on standby mode after it found processed water was cloudy instead of … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/05/20/national/alps-water-cleaner-halted/

APR 20, 2014
Fukushima No. 1 boss admits plant doesn’t have complete control over water problems
BY YUKA OBAYASHI
The manager of the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant admits efforts to control the radioactive water being churned out there are failing because they were planned in haste. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/04/20/national/fukushima-no-1-boss-admits-water-woes-out-of-control/

APR 17, 2014
ALPS unit hit by toxic water overflow
Around 1.1 tons of highly radioactive water overflowed from a waste container at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear complex while the experimental ALPS radiation-filtering system was being cleaned, Tokyo Electric Power Co. has reported. The overflow at the trouble-plagued water treatment system was noticed … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/04/17/national/alps-unit-hit-by-toxic-water-overflow/

MAR 25, 2014
Tepco halts Fukushima water cleanup system again
Tokyo Electric Power Co. suspended operations at the advanced radioactive water cleanup system at its crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant Monday only some six hours after its resumption. Tepco resumed operations at two units of the Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS, … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/25/national/tepco-halts-fukushima-water-cleanup-system-again/

MAR 18, 2014
Tepco halts ALPS water cleanup system at Fukushima nuke plant
Tokyo Electric Power Co. halts the operations of all three advanced radioactive water cleanup systems, collectively called Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS, at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/18/national/tepco-halts-alps-water-cleanup-system-at-fukushima-nuke-plant/

NOV 22, 2013
Three ALPS systems undergoing tests at Fukushima No. 1
BY KAZUAKI NAGATA
Tokyo Electric Power Co. said all three systems of an advanced water processing machine known as ALPS are now in a test operations for the first time simultaneously. The advanced liquid processing system can remove all radioactive materials except for tritium from tainted water, …http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/11/22/national/three-alps-systems-undergoing-tests-at-fukushima-no-1/

SEP 30, 2013
Tepco resumes water filtration at Fukushima nuke plant
The shutdown of the ALPS water treatment system at the Fukushima No. 1 plant is linked to a rubber mat apparently left in a water tank.http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/09/30/national/rubber-mat-in-tank-may-have-shut-down-alps/

SEP 28, 2013
Tepco halts trial of water treatment system at Fukushima No. 1 plant
Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Saturday it has halted a trial run of its much-vaunted water treatment system at the Fukushima No. 1 plant just a day after it resumed operations. At around 10:40 p.m. Friday, Tepco detected technical problems with line C of …http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/09/28/national/tepco-halts-trial-of-water-treatment-system-at-fukushima-no-1-plant/

SEP 26, 2013
Tepco to resume testing on ALPS water filter
BY KAZUAKI NAGATA
Tokyo Electric will resume tests on the ALPS processor and install a new ALPS next year to bring the radioactive water at Fukushima No. 1 to safer levels.
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/09/26/national/tepco-to-resume-testing-on-alps-water-filter/

FEB 23, 2013
Fukushima No. 1 water cleaner to be tested
Experts under the Nuclear Regulation Authority conditionally approves the trial of a new device to remove radioactive substances from tainted water at the Fukushima No. 1 complex.
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/02/23/national/fukushima-no-1-water-cleaner-to-be-tested/

Just As Above Ground Nuclear Testing was Stopped, So Too Must Leaking of Radionuclides from the Nuclear Fuel Chain Be Stopped.
Nuclear Power Nuclear War Everyday JFK quote