An excerpt from US Congressman Swalwell’s web site:
“Russia Attacks Our Friends’ Elections by US Congressman Swalwell
It’s no secret that Russia is not a friend of democracy. Former U.S. Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul noted that “for years now, the Kremlin has looked for ways to disrupt democracies, to help the people that they like to come to power and to undermine the credibility of the democratic process.” This is evident in their continued and directed cyberattacks against foreign nations throughout the last ten years. Here is a timeline of some of its most egregious attacks.
* April – May 2007: Russia dismantled Estonia’s internet after that country relocated the Bronze Solider of Tallinn, a Soviet grave marker.
* June 2008: Russian hackers defaced Lithuanian government web pages.
* August 2008: Georgian government internal communications were shut down by Russian attack on Georgia’s internet.
* January 2009: Russia shut down two of Kyrgyzstan’s internet service.
* April 2009: A Kazakhstan media outlet was shut down after publishing a statement from Kazakhstan’s President that was critical of Russia.
* August 2009: Hackers shut down certain social media websites in Georgia.
* March 2014: During Russia’s military seizure of Crimea, Ukraine’s internet was disrupted.
* May 2014: Ukraine’s election commission was shut down by a Russia-based hacking group, days before its presidential election.
* May 2015: Germany discovered hackers had penetrated the network of the German Bundestag.
* October 2015: The Russian government tried to hack into the Dutch government’s computers.
* December 2015: Russian hackers took over the control center of a Ukrainian power station.
* January 2016: A security firm announced its belief that Russian hackers were behind previous attacks on Finland’s Foreign Ministry.
* December 2016: Germany’s domestic security agency DfV announced that there was growing evidence that Russians were attempting to influence the upcoming September 2017 federal election.
This is the timeline of just the public and known attacks. The list of other, yet to-be-attributed attacks is likely to be even longer. An attack on any democracy is a threat to the stability of our own. Russia’s known use of cyberwarfare against these and other democracies is unacceptable, and cannot go unanswered.”