100 mSv, 20 mSv, AREVA, background radiation, cancer, cancer risk, Chernobyl, Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, clean water, corruption, dangers of nuclear, Doug Kimmelman, Energy Solutions, EnergySolutions, environment, evacuation, Fukushima, Fukushima contamination, Housing, Human Rights, Japan, Kimmelman, nuclear, nuclear accident, nuclear disaster, nuclear energy, nuclear exclusion zone, nuclear industry, nuclear power, nuclear reactors, nuclear safety, nuclear waste, radiation, radiation exposure, radiation in food, radiation in water, radioactive waste, risk management, TEPCO, UN, water
“Tokyo, 7 March 2017 – Japan’s policy to resettle residents to heavily contaminated areas in Fukushima is in contravention of Japanese law and multiple international human rights treaties. Greenpeace Japan and Human Rights Now detailed today numerous human rights violations resulting from the Japanese government’s response over the past six years to the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.
“If there is anything the nuclear industry learned from Chernobyl, it’s that a large exclusion zone is bad for business. It’s a constant reminder that a nuclear disaster is irreversible, and it’s women and children who are bearing the brunt,” said Kendra Ulrich, Senior Global Energy Campaigner with Greenpeace Japan.” Read the rest here: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/press/releases/2017/Fukushima-resettlement-policy-violates-international-human-rights-commitments–Japanese-law/
In the NGO letter below, they discuss 20 mSv per year background radiation exposure levels. What does that mean? Over the course of 5 years the exposure would be 100 mSv for background radiation alone – excluding food, water, air-borne and medical exposures. Risk is cumulative over a life-time, and this also excludes previous exposures. According to the US government funded BEIR VII report, per 100 mSv of exposure there would be an estimated 1 excess cancer case per 100 people (1%). BEIR gives an upper bound of 3%. Based on a newer government funded study of nuclear workers from late 2015, cancer rates from radiation exposure may be 15 times worse than even BEIR VII thought, perhaps even higher. This would mean around 15 excess cancers per 100 mSv per one hundred people (15%). Around half will die, on average at around retirement – what BEIR calls life-shortening cancers (average life expectancy shortened by 14 to 15 yrs): https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/12/19/another-look-at-the-recent-low-dose-radiation-exposure-study-inworks/ These are based on larger populations of 100,000 people. Thus, 1,000 excess cancer cases to 15,000 excess cancer cases, or more, per 100,000 people exposed to 100 mSv. The ICRP recommendation of 1 mSv is based on an assumption that the risk is lower than BEIR. However, experts continue to find that cancer risk is worse than previously claimed. The risks to the unborn, children and women are the greatest. And, cancer isn’t the only danger. It impacts fertility. The impact on the cardiovascular system is well recognized, as is risk of cataracts. Apart from ethical concerns, who will do care-giving; pay for or provide medical care, especially in an aging society, and especially since Japan allows virtually no immigration?
Joint NGO Letter to the United Nations Human Rights Council Special Rapporteurs (Please note that there are footnotes on each page – thus the text continues after the footnotes. Plus there is additional information after the NGO letter-document):
“Friends of the Earth Japan
Human Rights Now
NGO Joint Letter 17 February 2017
Request for urgent action by UN Special Rapporteurs to urge the Japanese government not to cut off compensation and support to Fukushima evacuees, so as to allow them to decide freely whether or not to return home
Dear Ms. Leilani Farha Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination
Dear Mr. Dainius Pũras Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoymentof the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
Dear Mr. Bashkut Tunack Special Rapporteur on the adverse effects of the movements and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights
Dear Ms. Cecilia Jimenez-Damary Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons
We, undersigned Non-Governmental Organizations hereby request the UN Special Rapporteurs concerned to take urgent action in light of the Japanese government’s impending decision to lift, by March 2017, evacuation orders on areas of Fukushima, Japan, where radiation doses remain above the International Commission on Radiological Protection’s (ICRP) recommended limit for the general public.
This action, in conjunction with the government’s decision to cease critical housing support for evacuees not under a government evacuation order at the end of March 2017 and the loss of compensation payments a year later for those in the areas lifted, would lead to forced relocation into areas that remain unsuitable for human habitation and will violate the human rights of the persons affected.
On account of the urgency of the situation and the fact that many people’s fundamental human rights are at stake, we kindly ask that you give our request your immediate consideration.
Friends of the Earth Japan
Human Rights Now
The March 2011 nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station released a huge amount of radioactive material, which is estimated 168 times of that released by the atomic bomb in Hiroshima.1 This contamination continues to pose serious risks to the health of the population, in particular pregnant women, babies, children and the younger generations most vulnerable to the harm from radiation.
Due to the earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear accident, up to 470,000 persons eventually evacuated the region, and over 80,000 former Fukushima residents remain officially evacuated as of December 2016.2
However, many citizens in Fukushima still live in areas where they could be exposed to higher doses of radiation than the internationally recommended limit. This is due to the government’s lifting of evacuation orders in areas up to a 20mSv per year exposure limit, which is in fact 20 times greater than the limit for the public based on international standards recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP).3
There are broad areas with large populations that are not included in the evacuation zones in Fukushima. Without sufficient financial support for evacuation from the government, many people who cannot afford to relocate have no choice but to stay within the areas in which they could receive doses greater than the ICRP recommended limit for the general public. Some families, including pregnant women and children, decided to evacuate without any financial support from the Japanese government.
The number of evacuees from outside government-designated evacuation zones are reported as 32,000 as of January 2, 2017.4 For those, TEPCO has not provided substantial support or compensation, and the only support provided by the government is free housing.5
Apparently, the series of measures taken by the Japanese government have been extremely insufficient to ensure the economic, social, and cultural rights of affected people; however, the decision made by the Japanese government will pose further risks to the fundamental human rights of the affected people by depriving essential livelihood support from evacuees.
2. The latest policy of the Japanese government
In 2012, the Japanese government organised the original evacuated areas into three categories distinguished by the severity of the annual radiation doses at the time: (1) areas less than 20mSv/year; (2) areas between 20-50mSv/year and; (3) areas over 50mSv/year.6 Under the definitions, as of 2016 Areas 1 and 2 are supposed to be below 20mSv/year and Area 3 over 20mSv/year.7
The government has gradually been lifting evacuation orders in Areas 1 and 2, and it decided to lift most of the remaining orders in these areas March 2017.8
1 Asahi Shinbun, “Genpatsu jiko no hōshutsu seshiumu, genbaku no ichi roku hachi bai hoan in kōhyō”, 27 August 2011, http://www.asahi.com/special/10005/TKY201108260665.html 2 Reconstruction Agency “Zenkoku no hinansha nado no kazu”, 31 January. 2017, http://www.reconstruction.go.jp/topics/main-cat2/sub-cat2-1/20170131_hinansha.pdf. Fukushima Prefecture “Heisei 23 nen tohoku chiho taiheiyo oki jishin niyoru higai jokyo soku ho (dai 1679 ho)”, 30 Jan. 2017. 3 ICRP, 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection , ICRP Publication 60 , Ann. ICRP 21 (1 – 3) ; and ICRP, 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection , ICRP Publication 103, Ann. ICRP 37 (2 – 4). 4 Okada Hiroyuki, “‘jisyuhinan’ 3.2 mannin, jyūtaku shien uchikiri ni himei”, Toyo Keizai, 2 Jan. 2017, http://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/151985. 5 Mainichi, 11 March 2016, , http://mainichi.jp/articles/20160311/ddm/010/040/006000c 6 Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, March 30, 2012,http://www.meti.go.jp/english/earthquake/nuclear/roadmap/pdf/20120330_01b.pdf. 7 Id. 8 Reconstruction Agency, http://www.reconstruction.go.jp/topics/main-cat1/sub-cat1-1/160809_mitinoritomitoshi.pdf.
TEPCO compensation payments, which cover evacuation expenses and pain and suffering of evacuees, are set to end by March 2018.9
Once TEPCO ceases compensation payments, many evacuees will face financial difficulty. These steps pressure evacuees to return to areas with exposures potentially up to 20mSv/year.
For the evacuees without government evacuation orders, the government plans to put an end to free housing support in March 2017.10 These decisions have been made without sufficient consultation with the evacuees, especially vulnerable populations. Although evacuees will have the option of remaining in the homes through paying rent, many worry that they will be unable to afford it.11 This is particularly true of evacuees for whom the housing scheme was their only form of sustenance.12 The situation has left many evacuees highly concerned about their future. A 2016 survey of evacuees from outside the designated zones found that 70% have been unable to decide where to live once the housing scheme ends.13 A survey revealed that a majority of evacuees in Tokyo considered housing to be their greatest concern, with most amongst them feeling that the housing scheme was ending too early.14
Many evacuees are fearful of returning to areas they consider to be hazardous and are concerned about the on-going unstable situation at the destroyed Fukushima nuclear power plants.15 They feel that they are being forced to relocate by a government that is failing to listen to them.16 They have made appeals for continued support, with stories such as Ms. Noriko Matsumoto, who evacuated from Fukushima to Kanagawa and reported that “people like me will have financial difficulties after the end of March if the aid is cut off when I am already struggling from a dual life.”17
Through prematurely lifting the evacuation orders and ending housing support, the government is pushing vulnerable citizens to choose between destitution and returning to an area where their health would be placed in serious risk. The inevitable effect of these decisions will be the virtually forced relocation of citizens to these areas. On top of these pressures, there have also been alarming reports from various regions of Japan that highlight the severe bullying of evacuee children. The government has failed to provide any concrete measures to protect vulnerable children from such bullying.
3. Concerns Regarding Contamination and Medical Care in Fukushima
A major concern with lifting the evacuation orders is the research indicating that areas of Fukushima remain insufficiently decontaminated for long-term habitation.18 In many areas, full decontamination is effectively impossible due to both the scale of the contamination and the properties of the radioactive elements.
9 Tepco Press Release, 26 Aug. 2016, http://www.tepco.co.jp/cc/press/2015/1258474_6818.html. 10 Mainichi, 11 Mar. 2016, http://mainichi.jp/articles/20160311/ddm/010/040/006000c. 11 Japan Times, 11 March 2016, http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/03/11/national/nuclear-refugees-tell-distrust-pressure-return-fukushima/#.WJFt_Pl9601. 12 Nikkan Sports, 17 January 2017, http://www.nikkansports.com/general/nikkan/news/1766590.html. 13 Mainichi, “70% of voluntary Fukushima evacuees undecided where to live after free housing ends “, 26 Mar. 2016, http://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20160326/p2a/00m/0na/012000c. 14 Tokyo Shinbun, “’Genpatsu jiko hinan sha ‘jūtaku mushō teikyō no keizoku o’ tonai hinan sha ni to ankēto”, 10 May 2016, http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/tokyo/list/201605/CK2016051002000171.html. 15 Anna Fifield and Yuki Oda, “Japanese nuclear plant just recorded an astronomical radiation level. Should we be worried?”, Washington Post, 8 Feb. 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/02/08/japanese-nuclear-plant-just-recorded-an-astronomical-radiation-level-should-w e-be-worried/?utm_term=.955dcfbb5876 16 Japan Times, supra, n. 11. 17 Kei Yoshikawa, “‘Jyutakushien ha inochizuna’ fukushima daiichigenpatsu jiko niyoru jisyuhinansya,shien keizoku wo uttaeru”, Huffington Post Japan, 17 Jan. 2017, http://www.huffingtonpost.jp/2017/01/17/fukushima-voluntary-evacuees_n_14216350.html. 18 Greenpeace, “Radiation Reloaded: Ecological Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident”, 4 March 2016, http://www.greenpeace.org/japan/ja/library/publication/20160304_report/.
Across Fukushima, more than 6 million bags of contaminated soil remain kept in temporary storage sites, which in some cases are located in residential areas.19 In addition, the forests that cover over 70% of Fukushima prefecture serve to naturally recycle harmful radiation which will continue to cause harm into the long-term future.20
Despite this, the government has failed to establish free, periodic, and comprehensive health checks for affected persons, except for biennial ultrasound examinations for children under the age of 18 at the time of the accident who live or used to live in Fukushima prefecture.21
As of December 2016, 183 children in Fukushima prefecture were diagnosed with or believed to have thyroid cancer, a worrying increase of 68 children from the second survey conducted in 2014 and 2015.22 Despite the alarming nature of these findings, the prefectural government has failed to acknowledge the impact of radiation on children. It has also made no move to expand the scope of its healthcare services, thereby leaving many potentially affected persons unable to seek medical evaluation or treatment.
4. Failure to Implement UN Recommendations
Many of these concerns have previously been expressed by the Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Anand Grover, in his report for the 23rd Human Rights Council in May 2013.23 His report included recommendations that evacuees only return when radiation doses had been reduced, as far as possible, to levels below 1mSv/year, and that all residents in areas with higher exposure be provided with sufficient medical care. In addition, he called on the government to adopt a rights-centred approach and continue to financially support evacuees so as to allow them to return at a time of their choosing. In 2014 the UN Human Rights Committee also recommended that the Japanese government “lift the designation of contaminated locations as evacuation areas only where the radiation level does not place the residents at risk.”24 The present actions of the Japanese government clearly run contrary to these recommendations, and eschew a rights-based approach. On February 2015, the Special Rapporteur on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes, Mr. Baskut Tuncak, requested a country visit to Japan.25 The Japanese government has, to date, failed to accept the request.
5. Request to the mandate holders.
Given the urgency of the situation, the co-signers of this letter request the addressed Special Rapporteurs to deliver joint or individual statement calling upon the Japanese government to take the following immediate actions.
1) Protect all evacuees as internally displaced persons and provide all necessary financial, material, and other support to ensure their rights to housing, health, environment and family, and that individuals may freely exercise their right to choose where they will live without the burden of undue financial pressure;
19 Ministry of Environment Japan, “Progress on Off-site Cleanup and Interim Storage in Japan”, July 2016, at 14, 23, http://josen.env.go.jp/en/pdf/progressseet_progress_on_cleanup_efforts.pdf. 20 Id., at 3. 21 Fukushima Health Management Survey, http://fmu-global.jp/fukushima-health-management-survey/ 22 Friends of the Earth, “Fact Sheet: kodomo kodomo-tachi no kōjōsen gan no jōkyō”, 1 Feb. 2017, http://www.foejapan.org/energy/fukushima/pdf/factsheet_thyroid_170201.pdf 23 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Anand Grover, Mission to Japan (15 – 26 November 2012), A/HRC/23/41/Add.3, http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/Session23/A-HRC-23-41-Add3_en.pdf. 24 UN Human Rights Committee, “Concluding observations on the sixth periodic report of Japan”, 20 Aug. 2014, CCPR/C/JPN/CO/6. 25 OHCHR, “View Country Visits of Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council Since 1998: Japan” http://spinternet.ohchr.org/_Layouts/SpecialProceduresInternet/ViewCountryVisits.aspx?Lang=en&country=JPN.
2) Revise the decision to cease housing support for evacuees from non-designated areas;
3) Implement the recommendations made by Mr. Anand Grover’s 2013 report and the 2014 UN Human Rights Committee concluding observations;
4) Develop policies to protect people from radiation exposure;
5) Ensure full and equal public participation and a formal role for women as well as men in all decision-making processes regarding future lifting of evacuation orders, emergency planning schemes and nuclear restart decisions;
6) Appoint a public ombudsperson for children, responsible for safeguarding the rights of children and young persons, especially those affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster.
7) Establish and implement an effective policy to prevent bullying for affected children, especially evacuated children;
8) Reform health monitoring policies and conducting comprehensive, long-term health check-ups for persons living in areas where radiation exceeds 1mSv/year; and
9) Immediately accept and coordinate official visits of mandate holders to Japan to investigate the human rights situation of people affected by the Fukushima nuclear accident.” Emphasis Added. See letter here: http://www.greenpeace.org/japan/Global/japan/pdf/Joint_Letter.pdf
Recent studies undertaken for Greenpeace on the situation in Fukushima:
From the Japan Times, MAR 11, 2017: “Check finds Tepco has only paid 6% of Fukushima disaster compensation The operator of the crippled nuclear complex in Fukushima Prefecture has only paid 6 percent of the compensation sought by municipalities in connection with the 2011 nuclear crisis, according to a recent tally. The delay in payments to the 12 municipalities, designated by the government as evacuation zones,… The tally found that Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Inc. had by the end of 2016 paid around ¥2.6 billion of the ¥43.3 billion demanded by the 12 local governments.”
DON’T THINK FOR A SECOND THAT THIS IS JUST ABOUT JAPAN! CURRENTLY THE US ALLOWS 15 TIMES MORE RADIATION IN FOOD THAN JAPAN ALL OF THE TIME; CANADA, UK, AUSTRALIA-NZ ALLOW 10 TIMES AND EUROPE AROUND 6 TIMES. BUT WHEN ANOTHER NUCLEAR ACCIDENT OCCURS MORE EXPOSURE IS PLANNED. ONGOING FUKUSHIMA DISCHARGES OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS GO INTO THE OCEAN AND AIR CURRENTS – PRIMARILY IN THE DIRECTION OF NORTH AMERICA AND EUROPE VIA THE ARCTIC, BUT SECONDARILY TO THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE. DUE TO THE OLD AND SHODDY CONSTRUCTION OF NUCLEAR REACTORS THE WORLD OVER, A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT IS IMMINENT. THEN THERE IS RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE NUCLEAR WASTE, WHICH IS BURIED OR STORED IN CANISTERS WHICH ARE COSTLY BUT OFTEN CHEAPLY MADE.
READ ABOUT-LINK TO THE CANCER RISKS AND US STANDARDS HERE: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/01/27/us-officially-allows-radiation-in-drinking-water-1000s-of-times-greater-than-clean-water-act-in-event-of-nuclear-accident-private-interim-nuclear-waste-storage-comment-deadline-today-11-59-pm-et-even/ EUROPEAN STANDARDS LINK FOUND HERE: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/02/18/russian-nuclear-threat-on-multiple-fronts-landsbergis-to-lukashenka-noose-is-ready-for-you-on-kremlin-chimes/
One of Trump’s large donors is former Goldman Sachs investment banker Doug Kimmelman who is an owner of EnergySolutions. EnergySolutions got one of the earliest Fukushima clean-up contracts, as reported by the Guardian in March of 2012. It had the ALPs water system at Fukushima until at least end of 2014. Even though it was unable to thoroughly clean the water, and suffered many failures, it stayed at Fukushima and contaminated water was stored and sometimes (always?) dumped to the Pacific. It is unclear how many years it was at Fukushima, but it appears to have been there for approximately 2 years. EnergySolutions is trying to get the monopoly on nuclear waste burial in the US, in violation of antitrust law, but it’s for a Trump justice department to enforce and 46 US attorneys were just fired. The Trump Administration thinks lead and mercury are good for people. So, don’t expect improvement. It may get worse. About EnergySolutions: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/01/05/when-investment-bankers-deal-in-nuclear-waste-for-investment-profit-we-need-to-be-very-scared/
Regarding Energy Solutions Contract at Fukushima March of 2012: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/mar/14/energysolutions-fukushima-clean-up-contract
On the 21 of May, 2014, Reuters reported the following about the Energy Solutions ALPS (Advanced Liquid Processing System): “A water treatment facility known as the Advanced Liquid Processing System, designed to remove the most dangerous nuclides, was completely shut down again this week. The system has not been fully operational since it was installed nearly two years ago.” http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/environment/~3/N5wi8D-D4cc/story01.htm
In March 2014 the Japanese Times reported: “Tepco halts ALPS water cleanup system at Fukushima nuke plant“ JIJI, MAR 18, 2014: “Tokyo Electric Power Co. halted the operations of all three advanced radioactive water cleanup systems, collectively called Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS, at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant on Tuesday.” http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/18/national/tepco-halts-alps-water-cleanup-system-at-fukushima-nuke-plant. They state: “With its daily processing capacity of 750 tons, ALPS is regarded as a key element in containing the radioactive water crisis at the crippled plant. However, due to a series of problems, Tepco has yet to start full operations”
[Note that French State owned Areva was also there for water clean-up and their system was a failure, too.]
Here are the Japan Times Titles dealing with Energy Solutions ALPS
“AUG 31, 2014
Tepco abandons goal of cleaning up radioactive water with ALPS system
Tokyo Electric Power Co. has given up its goal of completing radioactive water cleanup at its stricken Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant with its ALPS system within fiscal 2014, informed sources said Sunday. As of Tuesday, 367,000 tons of high-level radioactive water that had … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/08/31/national/tepco-abandons-goal-cleaning-radioactive-water-alps-system/
AUG 1, 2014
Water treatment to get into full swing at Fukushima No. 1 in December, Tepco claims
Tepco says it will begin full-scale operation in December of its trouble-plagued radioactive water treatment facility at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant after taking steps to improve its performance. Tokyo Electric Power Co. began a test-run of the facility, called the advanced liquid … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/08/01/national/water-treatment-get-full-swing-fukushima-1-december-tepco-claims/
JUN 22, 2014
Tepco restarts ALPS water treatment system at Fukushima No. 1
Tokyo Electric Power Co. resumed operations of the problem-plagued radioactive water treatment system at its crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant. But the multinuclide removal facility, called the advanced liquid processing system, or ALPS, is still in the test stage as its three treatment … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/06/22/national/tepco-restarts-alps-water-treatment-system-fukushima-1/
JUN 09, 2014
U.S. firm hired to scrub Fukushima No. 1 water
Tokyo Electric hires a U.S. firm to extract strontium from the radioactive water at the Fukushima No. 1 plant because it can’t get ALPS to work properly. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/06/09/national/u-s-firm-hired-to-scrub-fukushima-no-1-water/
MAY 20, 2014
ALPS water cleaner halted again
Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Tuesday it has again suspended its trouble-plagued system for cleaning radiation-tainted water at the Fukushima No. 1 power plant. Tepco put its Advanced Liquid Processing System (ALPS) on standby mode after it found processed water was cloudy instead of … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/05/20/national/alps-water-cleaner-halted/
APR 20, 2014
Fukushima No. 1 boss admits plant doesn’t have complete control over water problems
BY YUKA OBAYASHI
The manager of the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant admits efforts to control the radioactive water being churned out there are failing because they were planned in haste. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/04/20/national/fukushima-no-1-boss-admits-water-woes-out-of-control/
APR 17, 2014
ALPS unit hit by toxic water overflow
Around 1.1 tons of highly radioactive water overflowed from a waste container at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear complex while the experimental ALPS radiation-filtering system was being cleaned, Tokyo Electric Power Co. has reported. The overflow at the trouble-plagued water treatment system was noticed … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/04/17/national/alps-unit-hit-by-toxic-water-overflow/
MAR 25, 2014
Tepco halts Fukushima water cleanup system again
Tokyo Electric Power Co. suspended operations at the advanced radioactive water cleanup system at its crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant Monday only some six hours after its resumption. Tepco resumed operations at two units of the Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS, … http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/25/national/tepco-halts-fukushima-water-cleanup-system-again/
MAR 18, 2014
Tepco halts ALPS water cleanup system at Fukushima nuke plant
Tokyo Electric Power Co. halts the operations of all three advanced radioactive water cleanup systems, collectively called Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS, at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/18/national/tepco-halts-alps-water-cleanup-system-at-fukushima-nuke-plant/
NOV 22, 2013
Three ALPS systems undergoing tests at Fukushima No. 1
BY KAZUAKI NAGATA
Tokyo Electric Power Co. said all three systems of an advanced water processing machine known as ALPS are now in a test operations for the first time simultaneously. The advanced liquid processing system can remove all radioactive materials except for tritium from tainted water, …http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/11/22/national/three-alps-systems-undergoing-tests-at-fukushima-no-1/
SEP 30, 2013
Tepco resumes water filtration at Fukushima nuke plant
The shutdown of the ALPS water treatment system at the Fukushima No. 1 plant is linked to a rubber mat apparently left in a water tank.http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/09/30/national/rubber-mat-in-tank-may-have-shut-down-alps/
SEP 28, 2013
Tepco halts trial of water treatment system at Fukushima No. 1 plant
Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Saturday it has halted a trial run of its much-vaunted water treatment system at the Fukushima No. 1 plant just a day after it resumed operations. At around 10:40 p.m. Friday, Tepco detected technical problems with line C of …http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/09/28/national/tepco-halts-trial-of-water-treatment-system-at-fukushima-no-1-plant/
SEP 26, 2013
Tepco to resume testing on ALPS water filter
BY KAZUAKI NAGATA
Tokyo Electric will resume tests on the ALPS processor and install a new ALPS next year to bring the radioactive water at Fukushima No. 1 to safer levels.
FEB 23, 2013
Fukushima No. 1 water cleaner to be tested
Experts under the Nuclear Regulation Authority conditionally approves the trial of a new device to remove radioactive substances from tainted water at the Fukushima No. 1 complex. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/02/23/national/fukushima-no-1-water-cleaner-to-be-tested/