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Russia has invaded Poland in 1772, 1793, 1795, resulting in Poland’s elimination for 123 years. And again, in 1939 Russia worked with Nazi Germany to dismember Poland. Belarus lies between Russia and Poland. Russian President Putin needs to look at a map, since he sounds like he hasn’t seen a map since the USSR ceased to exist. Many Americans need to look at a map and at history, too. While since 1945 there is a Russian exclave on the Baltic, next to Poland and Lithuania, it is not even attached to Russia and historically was German or Polish. If being there bothers Putin then he should give the Kaliningrad exclave back to Poland or Lithuania, or to Germany: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaliningrad
Europe map USG public domain

Poland is not near real Russia and Poland has legitimate concerns based on Russia’s past behavior, which with the help of some other European powers, contributed to Poland’s obliteration in the past. Furthermore, the Kaliningrad exclave constitutes a menace to Poland, Lithuania and other Baltic countries. And, in fact, it menaces Europe. If Putin doesn’t want to be near military exercises then he can give it back. And, Russia should give it back. It clearly doesn’t belong to Russia either historically nor geographically.

Even those who have taken geography and history can be fooled due to repetition by Putin and his propagandists. Repetition is the key to “learning”, whether of truth or lies, as a former KGB officer, like Putin, must surely know.

Poland helped win the American Revolution, while the ancestors of most Putin bootlickers, including Trump, were still in Europe, often as serfs, and often as serfs of the Russian empire. And, Americans who value their freedom may need Poland’s help again, as Poland may need American protection against Russian imperialism. In fact, Children of the American Revolution have more in common with Poland than with those who call themselves Americans but who prostrate themselves before Putin.
Pulaski and Kosciusko WWI Poster
World War I Poster featuring Pulaski and Kościuszko

People no longer have to buy a European map or a history book, nor go to a library, to see Poland’s location and history. So, no excuses for ignorance. The Czech Republic is far from Russia too. With the current state of the world, you may wish to print some good maps out, however. If Putin invades he will change them to his way. Not just Europe, but Alaska and Canada are endangered by Russia, especially if the taking of Crimea is accepted.

If you read this, then you understand why the US just arrived in Poland, especially with the Trump-Putin Bromance:
Poles first came to prominence in American life during the Revolutionary War. The colonies’ battle for independence from Britain fired the imagination of adventurers and freedom fighters from around the world, and more than 100 Poles came to fight on the side of the rebelsThe Polish people’s own fight for independence was less successful, and their national identity came under harsh attack. By the 19th century, the ancient state of Poland had been conquered and divided up by three imperial powers—the Russian, Prussian, and Austro-Hungarian empireshttps://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/polish4.html (At one point Poland was even run over by Sweden.)
US Mil  Arrives Poland 2017

Russian land grab in Poland – late 1700s
Ziemie Zabrane (Taken Lands, Stolen Lands) Imperial Russia theft of Poland late 1700s public domain via wikimedia
This area is known in Poland as Ziemie Zabrane (Taken Lands, Stolen Lands) [1] but most often they are referred to in Polish historiography and in common talk as part of Zabór Rosyjski (literally Russian Seizure)“.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Krai

The Russian Partition (sometimes called Russian Poland) constituted the former territories of the Polish– Lithuanian Commonwealth that were invaded by the Russian Empire in the course of late-18th-century Partitions of Poland.[1] The Russian acquisition encompassed the largest share of Poland’s population,living on 463,200 km2 (178,800 sq mi) of land constituting formerly east-central territory of a sovereign country. The first partitioning led by imperial Russia took place in 1772; the next one in 1793, and the final one in 1795, resulting in Poland’s elimination for the next 123 years.[2]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Partition

Despite their parliamentary quibbling Poland prepares itself following their long tradition of fighting for freedom: “We must protect Poland from Putin’ say militia fighters as fears grow of Donald Trump NATO retreat: The numbers of young Poles signing up to join 120 militias has tripled since Russia’s war in Ukraine. By Eleonora Vio in Warsaw December 30, 2016 13:58 GMT. https://web-beta.archive.org/web/20170105052801/http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/we-must-protect-poland-putin-say-militia-fighters-fears-grow-donald-trump-nato-retreat-1598675

Polish Countess become Captain Emilia Plater Fought for Freedom from Russia
Countess and Captain Emilia Plater

The November Uprising Against the Russian Empire
Battle of Stoczek by Jan Rosen 14 February 1831 Polish November Uprising Against Russian Empire
Battle of Stoczek by Jan Rosen 14 February 1831

Western Betrayal
The concept of Western betrayal refers to the view that the United States, United Kingdom and France failed to meet their legal, diplomatic, military and moral obligations with respect to the Czech and Polish nations during the prelude to and aftermath of the Second World War. It also sometimes refers to the treatment of other Central and Eastern Europe nations at the time.

In particular, it refers to Czechoslovakia’s treatment during the Munich Agreement and subsequent occupation and partition by Nazi Germany, Hungary (The First Vienna Award), and Poland (Invasion of Zaolzie), as well as the failure of the Western allies to aid Poland upon its invasion by Germany and the USSR in 1939.

The same concept also refers to the concessions made by the United States and the United Kingdom to the USSR during the Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam conferences, to their stance during the Warsaw Uprising, and some other events, which allocated the region to the Soviet sphere of influence and created the Eastern Bloc.

Historically, such views were intertwined with some of the most significant geopolitical events of the 20th century, including the rise and empowerment of the Third Reich (Nazi Germany), the rise of the Soviet Union (USSR) as a dominant superpower with control of large parts of Europe, and various treaties, alliances, and positions taken during and after World War II, and so on into the Cold War
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_betrayal Deja Vu All Over Again under Trump-Tillerson?
28 Sept. 1939 Nazis and USSR-Russia Take Poland
See too: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2017/01/08/nazi-pact-with-russia-the-devils-alliance-hitlers-pact-with-stalin-1939-41-review/

Polish resistance weapons
Polish Resistance Manufactured Weapons

The Warsaw (Poland) Uprising started when the Red Army (Russia-Soviet Union) which had supposedly switched sides away from their pact with Nazi Germany “appeared on the city’s doorstep, and the Poles in Warsaw were counting on Soviet aid coming in a matter of days. This basic scenario of an uprising against the Germans launched a few days before the arrival of Allied forces played out successfully in a number of European capitals, notably Paris and Prague. However, despite standing for about 40 days less than 10 km from Warsaw’s city center, and then moving even closer, to the right bank of the Vistula river a few hundred meters away from the main battle of the uprising during its last two weeks, the Red Army did not extend effective aid to the desperate city. Some Western historians, as well as the official line of the Communist regime in Poland before 1989, claimed that the Red Army, exhausted by its long advance on its way to Warsaw, lacked sufficient fighting power to overcome the German forces around Warsaw and extend effective aid to the Uprising. However, the clear consensus among most historians[7] is that Stalin did not want to aid the Home Army in Warsaw, made up of likely opponents of the Communist regime that he wanted to impose on Poland after the war.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lack_of_outside_support_during_the_Warsaw_Uprising
Russian Grizzly January Uprising
One of many uprisings against Russian rule: “The January Uprising (Polish: powstanie styczniowe, Lithuanian: 1863 m. sukilimas, Belarusian: Паўстанне 1863-1864 гадоў) was an uprising in the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (present-day Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, parts of Ukraine, and western Russia) against the Russian Empire. It began on 22 January 1863 and lasted until the last insurgents were captured in 1864. The uprising began as a spontaneous protest by young Poles against conscription into the Imperial Russian Army. It was soon joined by high-ranking Polish-Lithuanian officers and various politicians. The insurrectionists, severely outnumbered and lacking serious outside support, were forced to resort to guerrilla warfare tactics. Public executions and deportations to Siberia led many Poles to abandon armed struggle and turn instead to the idea of “organic work”: economic and cultural self-improvement.“. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_Uprising

Poles first came to prominence in American life during the Revolutionary War. The colonies’ battle for independence from Britain fired the imagination of adventurers and freedom fighters from around the world, and more than 100 Poles came to fight on the side of the rebels. Two of them—Count Kazimierz Pulaski and Tadeusz Kósciuszko—had experience in the independence struggles of their homeland and were recruited by Benjamin Franklin to help lead the fledgling American army. Both played pivotal roles in the colonists’ victory and were hailed as heroes of the new republic. Towns and counties throughout the U.S. now bear their names, and Pulaski Day celebrations are held every year in Polish American cities.
The Polish people’s own fight for independence was less successful, and their national identity came under harsh attack. By the 19th century, the ancient state of Poland had been conquered and divided up by three imperial powers—the Russian, Prussian, and Austro-Hungarian empires. Although they were separated by distance and political barriers, Poles were unified by a belief in their own independence, in their freedom to worship as Roman Catholics, and in their distinct identity as a people. The difficulty of maintaining this identity under hostile imperial regimes led many Poles to seek freedom overseas
“. https://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/polish4.html. (Some also helped Haiti win their independence.)

Maybe Hillary Clinton understood the risk of Russia better because Little Rock Arkansas is located in Pulaski County?


Solidarity 1980 to 2005 cropped, released to public domain via Wikimedia
Gdańsk, 25th anniversary of Solidarity, summer 2005 (cropped), released to public domain via wikimedia
US Tanks in Poland January 2017
NATO Countries and Percentage of GDP Invested. Luxembourg is Very Rich and Should Give More, as should some other European countries. US gives most.
NATO Funding as Percentage of GDP

Click to access 20160129_160128-pr-2016-11-eng.pdf

Rich countries like Luxembourg feel less pain from what they give than more poor countries: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP)_per_capita

NOTE: Some British may need to look at a map, too, considering that during Hurricane Katrina a BBC anchor thought that New Orleans is on the US Atlantic coast.