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In one instance it was an already smoked butt of a marijuana joint (Oct. 11th). In the other it is unclear if it had been smoked, but included a vaporizer, which requires an open flame (Oct. 18th). Marijuana potency has increased over the last decades, too. Tell the US NRC by November 4th 11.59 pm ET that they need to keep monitoring and investigating nuclear workers for drugs and alcohol and not leave it to the utilities-fuel fabrication companies, as they seem to want to do. Comment here: https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=NRC-2016-0185-0001 It’s quick and easy and can still be anonymous. Without NRC supervision there probably will be no public records of alcohol and drug use at US nuclear sites. If you live on planet earth and think it doesn’t need another nuclear accident please comment.
Impacts of smoking marijuana NIH

Pleasant experiences with marijuana are by no means universal. Instead of relaxation and euphoria, some users experience anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic… People who have taken large doses of marijuana may experience an acute psychosis, which includes hallucinations, delusions, and a loss of the sense of personal identity.” (NIH.gov)

Fairewinds investigation found a rate of 173 over 60 months (5 years) or almost three per month of problems with Fitness for Duty (euphemistically call “events”) but notes that most are not reported. http://www.fairewinds.org/fitness-for-duty-event-reports

Most Common Drug Types Used at Nuclear Sites. Performance is a Strange Choice of Words! Performance of Drug and Alcohol Sales? Lack of Performance-Poor Performance when Workers are Drunk or Drugged
Nuclear Worker Industry Performance – 2014 Results by Drug and Employment Type, p. 6
https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/10/31/tell-us-nrc-to-keep-monitoring-nuclear-workers-for-drugs-and-alcohol-deadline-friday-4th-nov-11-59-et/

These are two separate nuclear power stations – half way across the country from each other – and yet they use the same wording. Has “surmised” suddenly come into vogue as a word? What does it mean? “to make a judgment about (something) without sufficient evidence; guess” (surmise. (n.d.) American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. (2011) Retrieved November 2 2016 from: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/surmise

Why don’t they just say they guess then? This needs to be investigated!

They are taking people for fools, it seems, for they apparently want everyone to believe that the marijuana’s been there for three decades and that no one noticed it! “Very old” and “preoperational” seems to mean from 1985 for Wolf Creek in Kansas and 1986 for Seabrook in New Hampshire.

SEABROOK : “a prohibited substance [marijuana] was identified inside the protected area. The substance was obviously very old, so is surmised to be from a preoperational period.

WOLF CREEK: “local law enforcement determined [the substance] was likely a prohibited substance (marijuana). The substance was obviously very old, so is surmised to be from a preoperational period and unable to be positively tested.

SEABROOK “The item [a small remainder, or butt, of a marijuana joint]
Thus, it had been smoked and disposed of in the protected area of the nuclear power station.

WOLF CREEK “The item (a bag of leafy material, round metal tube, rope with washer, light bulb)

WTF? It seems that this was a vaporizer which would require an open flame to work. See number 7: http://wikihow.com/Make-a-Vaporizer-from-Household-Supplies So, did they take the tube off of some part of the nuclear power station? Or they bought it and brought it in?

Perhaps it should be “surmised” that pre-operational stage refers to the developmental level of the nuclear utility-US NRC workers? There’s certainly more than sufficient evidence for it in the case of the US NRC. Call it an educated guess, then, rather than surmise: “During the Pre-operational Stage of cognitive development, Piaget noted that children do not yet understand concrete logic and cannot mentally manipulate information.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piaget%27s_theory_of_cognitive_development

The Wolf Creek Reactor became operational in 1985
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolf_Creek_Generating_Station

Seabrook in 1986
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seabrook_Station_Nuclear_Power_Plant
More on Seabrook: http://www.stephencomleysr.com/new-blog

Then, of course, there is this: “US airmen guarding nuclear weapons accused of drug use” 18 March 2016 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-35845232 Hiding in a nuclear bunker is fine, but will you live there and never come out? What about food?

Because marijuana impairs short-term memory and judgment and distorts perception, it can impair performance in school or at work and make it dangerous to drive an automobile. It also affects brain systems that are still maturing through young adulthood, so regular use by teens may have a negative and long-lasting effect on their cognitive development, putting them at a competitive disadvantage and possibly interfering with their well-being in other ways. Also, contrary to popular belief, marijuana can be addictive, and its use during adolescence may make other forms of drug abuse or addiction more likely./ Whether smoking or otherwise consuming marijuana has therapeutic benefits that outweigh its health risks is still an open question that science has not resolved… Nora D. Volkow, M.D.
Director
National Institute on Drug Abusehttps://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/letter-director
[…]
Pleasant experiences with marijuana are by no means universal. Instead of relaxation and euphoria, some users experience anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic. These effects are more common when too much is taken, the marijuana has an unexpectedly high potency, or a user is inexperienced. People who have taken large doses of marijuana may experience an acute psychosis, which includes hallucinations, delusions, and a loss of the sense of personal identity. These unpleasant but temporary reactions are distinct from longer-lasting psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, that may be associated with the use of marijuana in vulnerable individuals… Although detectable amounts of THC may remain in the body for days or even weeks after use, the noticeable effects of smoked marijuana generally last from 1 to 3 hours and those of marijuana consumed in food or drink may last for many hours… Marijuana significantly impairs judgment, motor coordination, and reaction time, and studies have found a direct relationship between blood THC concentration and impaired driving ability. 6–8 / Marijuana is the illicit drug most frequently found in the blood of drivers who have been involved in accidents, including fatal ones.9 …

Marijuana potency, as detected in confiscated samples, has steadily increased over the past few decades.2 In the early 1990s, the average THC content in confiscated cannabis samples was roughly 3.7 percent for marijuana and 7 .5 percent for sinsemilla (a higher potency marijuana from specially tended female plants). In 2013, it was 9.6 percent for marijuana and 16 percent for sinsemilla.28…
Marijuana Hippocampus damage NIH gov
(NIH.gov: https://d14rmgtrwzf5a.cloudfront.net/sites/default/files/mjrrs_10_2016.pdf )
IONIZING RADIATION ALSO DAMAGES THE HIPPOCAMPUS.

The hippocampus … plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory and spatial navigationIn Alzheimer’s disease, the hippocampus is one of the first regions of the brain to suffer damage; memory loss and disorientation are included among the early symptoms. Damage to the hippocampus can also result from oxygen starvation(hypoxia), encephalitis, or medial temporal lobe epilepsy. People with extensive, bilateral hippocampal damage may experience anterograde amnesia—the inability to form and retain new memories.”
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocampus

Access to the Protected Area is restricted to authorized individuals only. An authorized individual enters the Protected Area by going to the security building and requesting his or her access badge by its number. A security guard retrieves that access badge and verifies that the person requesting it resembles the photograph on the badge. As a final check, the individual must state his or her last name. With another match, the security guard issues the individual the access badge.http://www.ucsusa.org/nuclear-power/nuclear-plant-security/nuclear-reactor-access-zones#.V_0FyetXeh8
http://www.nrc.gov/security/domestic/phys-protect/areas.html
http://www.nrc.gov/reactors/operating/ops-experience/fitness-for-duty.html
How about metal detectors?

Here are the two cases from October 11th and 18th:
“Power Reactor
Event Number: 52299
Facility: WOLF CREEK
Region: 4 State: KS
Unit: [1] [ ] [ ]
RX Type: [1] W-4-LP
NRC Notified By: NATHAN ERICKSON HQ OPS Officer: BETHANY CECERE
Notification Date: 10/18/2016 Notification Time: 06:11 [ET]
Event Date: 10/18/2016 Event Time: 04:56 [CDT]
Last Update Date: 10/18/2016 Emergency Class: NON EMERGENCY
10 CFR Section: 26.719 – FITNESS FOR DUTY

CONTRABAND SUBSTANCE FOUND INSIDE PROTECTED AREA
“This report is being made pursuant to 10 CFR 26.719(b).
“At 0305 [CDT] today an unknown substance was identified inside the protected area (inside an emergency light fixture in the emergency escape hatch for containment). At 0456, local law enforcement determined [the substance] was likely a prohibited substance (marijuana). The substance was obviously very old, so is surmised to be from a preoperational period and unable to be positively tested.

“The item (a bag of leafy material, round metal tube, rope with washer, light bulb) was under the control of the site security department upon discovery and was turned over to local law enforcement for disposal.

“The licensee notified the NRC Resident Inspector.”
https://web.archive.org/web/20161102022256/http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/event-status/event/2016/20161019en.html

Power Reactor Event Number: 52288
Facility: SEABROOK Region: 1 State: NH
Unit: [1] [ ] [ ] RX Type: [1] W-4-LP
NRC Notified By: JIM TUCKER
HQ OPS Officer: DONALD NORWOOD
Notification Date: 10/07/2016
Notification Time: 18:28 [ET]
Event Date: 10/07/2016
Event Time: 16:20 [EDT]
Last Update Date: 10/07/2016
Emergency Class: NON EMERGENCY
10 CFR Section:
26.719 – FITNESS FOR DUTY
FITNESS FOR DUTY REPORT – DISCOVERY OF PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE

“This report is being made pursuant to 10 CFR 26.719(b).
“At 1620 EDT today, a prohibited substance [marijuana] was identified inside the protected area. The substance was obviously very old, so is surmised to be from a preoperational period.

“The item [a small remainder, or butt, of a marijuana joint] is currently under the control of the site security department and will be turned over to local law enforcement for disposal.

“The licensee notified the NRC Resident Inspector
https://web.archive.org/web/20161102024837/http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/event-status/event/2016/20161011en.html