Tags

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Mitsubishi Urakami Ordance Plant. Atomic Bomb Area Nagasaki.
Movie by US National Archives and Records Administration (Transcript at bottom of blog post).

The hurriedly-targeted weapon ended up detonating almost exactly between two of the principal targets in the city, the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works to the south, and the Mitsubishi-Urakami Torpedo Works to the north… The official Manhattan Engineer District report on the attack termed the damage to the two Mitsubishi plants ‘spectacular.http://www.osti.gov/manhattan-project-history/Events/1945/nagasaki.htm

It also destroyed the Urakami Roman Catholic Church, at the time the largest in the east, and killed the worshippers within, as well as many others in Nagasaki.
Urakami Cathedral before A bomb

71 years later, today, people are still dying as a result of the delayed effect of radiation. Atomic bomb hospitals are full of those people“. (Setsuko Thurlow, May 27, 2016, DemocracyNow interview) https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/08/07/i-want-the-world-to-wake-up-hiroshima-survivor-criticizes-obama-for-pushing-new-nuclear-weapons/
Sumiteru Taniguchi's back injuries from Nagasaki bombing, January 1946, by USMC
Sumiteru Taniguchi’s back injuries from Nagasaki bombing, January 1946, by USMC http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumiteru_Taniguchi

Today Mitsubishi is involved in mining, shipbuilding, telecom, financial services, insurance, electronics, automotive, construction, heavy industries, oil and gas, real estate, foods and beverages, chemicals, steel, aviation, nuclear power, etc. It includes Mitsubishi Atomic Industry. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi#World_War_II

From nuked to nuker: Mitsubishi built nuclear reactors at Takahama, Tomari, Tsuruga, Ōi, Mihama, Ikata, Genkai Nuclear Power Stations: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_des_réacteurs_nucléaires_au_Japon Nuclear reactors legally, and sometimes illegally, discharge lethal radioactive materials into the environment on a routine basis, even when there is no nuclear accident.

The nuclear business of MHI [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries] operates facilities in the cities of Kobe and Takasago in Hyogo Prefecture and in Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture. It also operates a nuclear fuel manufacturing plant in Tōkai, Ibaraki which processes 440 Metric tons of Uranium per year. MHI has also developed the Mitsubishi APWR design. MHI has also signed a memorandum of understanding with Areva for the establishment of a joint venture, Atmea, for their next reactor design ATMEA. MHI has also been selected as the core company to develop a new generation of Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) by the Japanese government. After that announcement was made, MHI established a new company, Mitsubishi FBR Systems, Inc. (MFBR) specifically for the development and realization of FBR technology, starting what is likely to be the most aggressive corporate venture into FBR and Generation IV reactor technology. MHI is currently developing a $15.8 billion nuclear power plant in Sinop, Turkey in partnership with Itochu and Engie, which would be its first overseas nuclear project… Following financial difficulties at Areva, MHI announced in 2015 it will make a proposal to take a minority ownership stake in Areva.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_Heavy_Industries https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmea
[The true object of Greg Clark’s quick visit to Japan may have been Mitsubishi: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/08/04/uk-business-and-energy-secretary-in-japan-discussed-future-nuclear-power-stations/ ]

While from a military strategic perspective, bombing the Mitsubishi works made sense, it seems clear that use of a Nuclear bomb was unnecessary. General Eisenhower, later US President, called it unnecessary, as did other high-ranking military officials: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Dwight_D._Eisenhower Firebombings of cities was also terrible, but lacked the long-lived nature of the atomic bombs: Radioactive “black rain” from the Nagasaki bomb fell into the Nishiyama reservoir near the city and plutonium still remains. See too: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/08/10/nuclear-bombing-of-nagasaki-impact-declassified-september-14-1945-2/

You don’t know the horrible aspects of war… I’ve seen cities and homes in ashes. I’ve seen thousands of men lying on the ground, their dead faces looking up at the skies. I tell you, war is Hell!” US General Sherman: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/William_Tecumseh_Sherman
But, the hell of nuclear is eternal and will persist longer than humanity has existed.
Urakami Cathedral after the A Bomb dropped
Urakami Cathedral after the nuclear bomb. US gov photo; color effect added.

Former General, then President Eisenhower wrote in his memoir:
In 1945 Secretary of War Stimson, visiting my headquarters in Germany, informed me that our government was preparing to drop an atomic bomb on Japan. I was one of those who felt that there were a number of cogent reasons to question the wisdom of such an act. During his recitation of the relevant facts, I had been conscious of a feeling of depression and so I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already defeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and secondly because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.

Other U.S. military officers who disagreed with the necessity of the bombings include General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy (the Chief of Staff to the President), Brigadier General Carter Clarke (the military intelligence officer who prepared intercepted Japanese cables for U.S. officials), Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz(Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet), Fleet Admiral William Halsey, Jr. (Commander of the US Third Fleet), and even the man in charge of all strategic air operations against the Japanese home islands, then-Major General Curtis LeMay

The Japanese had, in fact, already sued for peace. The atomic bomb played no decisive part, from a purely military point of view, in the defeat of Japan. — Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet,

The use of [the atomic bombs] at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender because of the effective sea blockade and the successful bombing with conventional weapons … The lethal possibilities of atomic warfare in the future are frightening. My own feeling was that in being the first to use it, we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages. I was not taught to make war in that fashion, and wars cannot be won by destroying women and children. — Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, Chief of Staff to President Truman, 1950,

The atomic bomb had nothing to do with the end of the war at all. — Major General Curtis LeMay, XXI Bomber Command, September 1945,

The first atomic bomb was an unnecessary experiment … It was a mistake to ever drop it … [the scientists] had this toy and they wanted to try it out, so they dropped it …
— Fleet Admiral William Halsey, Jr., 1964
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debate_over_the_atomic_bombings_of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki#Opposition
[Many scientists opposed too, to no avail.]

Declassified US Document about Nagasaki, Sept. 14, 1945
Nagasaki 14 Sept 1945 Declassified, p. 1
Nagasaki 14 Sept 1945 Declassified, p. 2
Nagasaki 14 Sept 1945 Declassified, p. 3
Nagasaki 14 Sept 1945 Declassified, p. 4
Nagasaki 14 Sept 1945 Declassified, p. 5
Red emphasis added. Original documents found here: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB162/77b.pdf
Additional related commentary and documents found here: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB162/

In more disclassified documents, found below, the dangers of the ionizing radiation are not denied in the discussion, rather there appears shock and disbelief that radiological impacts could appear so quickly. Impacts were expected to be longer-term.
Top Secret Phone Call Re Hiroshima-Nagasaki 25 August 1945, p. 1
Top Secret Phone Call Re Hiroshima-Nagasaki 25 August 1945, p. 2
Top Secret Phone Call Re Hiroshima-Nagasaki 25 August 1945, p. 3
Red added. Original found here: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB162/76.pdf

Mitsubishi – one of the big four: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaibatsu

Transcript for video as uploaded by Jilly9 – – January 26, 2012 to Archives.org:
Subject: 9/28/45
Color.
Silent.

Title card: illegible

Title card: “Mitusbishi #1 Dry Dock”

Title card: “Mitusbishi #1 Dry Dock is crossed out and ‘MISTAKE’ is written below”

Damaged building. People walking past.

Title card: “Tunnels Adjoining Mits. Factory”

Flooded tunnels?

Title card: “Mits Drydock #3 Length 728′ – in working order”

Title card: “Intelegence tour of Nagasaki extracting same. 9/28/45”

Title card: “Disregard previous slate. Bad weather.”

Title card: “Atomic bomb area, Nagasaki 9/28/45”

Title card: “Mitsubishi Urakami Ordance [SIC: Ordinance] Plant. Atomic Bomb Area Nagasaki”

Twisted metal; once was buildings.

Title card: “Main Production was torpedo bombs”

More rubble. People walking on road far below. Closeup of destroyed motorcycle.

Title card: “FMF Photo Unit 29 Sept”

Title card: “Tategami Shipyard”

Shots of damaged shipyard.

Title card: “Nag. Industries. Lt Reed 15 F.M.F PhotoGrp #2 29 Sept 1945”

Shots of damaged buildings. Man in suit and hat walks by. Twisted metal.

Title card: “5 Man Sub Lt Reed 15 F.M.F Photo Mits Dock Yard, Nagasaki 29 Sept 1945 Wolfkill”

Title card: “5 Man Subs Complete At Mitsubishi Dock Yard”

Rows of subs. Man in Japanese Army uniform (?) stands in front of them.

Title card: “Tategami Shipyard”

Damaged shipyard. Small boat in river sails by.

Title card: “Nag. Industries. Lt Reed 15 F.M.F PhotoGrp #2 29 Sept 1945”

Title card: “Mits Drydock #3 Length 728′ – in working order”

Shot of pier. People walking by.

Title card: “Nagasaki Japs on road home 9-29-45”

Japanese standing in front of camera. Walking down road. Beating on something like drum. Ruined building.https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.li.127-r-285