authoritarianism, Carnation revolution, Chernobyl, Dictatorship, environment, Eurocup 2016, fascism, France, Franco, Freedom Day, French State of Emergency, Human Rights, nuclear energy, nuclear industry, nuclear power, nuclear reactors, police, police abuse, Portugal, renewable energy, riot police, Salazar, Soccer, state of emergency, UN
Portugal beat host country France in the 2016 Eurocup soccer final:
“Portugal stuns France with late Eder strike in Euro final”
Posted:Sun, 10 Jul 2016 18:52:56 -0400 http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/sportsNews/~3/R23thiJJJLA/us-soccer-euro-por-fra-idUSKCN0ZQ0ZK
Portugal stunned the world in May by getting all of its electricity from renewable energy for 4 days. Portugal has said no to nuclear and yes to renewables. Meanwhile, the French government belligerently continues to prop up the nuclear industry and gets a larger percentage of electricity from nuclear power than any other country. This year Portugal has gotten almost 2/3rds of its electricity from renewable energy against France’s over 2/3rds from nuclear energy.
Screenshots from the Greenpeace video: http://youtu.be/lWIy94h3spk Windmills are busily spinning in the video, it just can’t be seen in the screen-shot.
Portugal Must Have Stunned the World in 1974 By Peacefully Getting Rid of the Longest Authoritarian (Fascist) Dictatorship In the West: “The name “Carnation Revolution” comes from the fact that almost no shots were fired and when the population took to the streets to celebrate the end of the dictatorship and war in the colonies, carnations were put into the muzzles of rifles and on the uniforms of the army men.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnation_Revolution
Portugal Freedom Day: April 25th Forever, Fascism Never Again
Photo CC-BY Marg taken on April 29, 2007via flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/gebala/
France’s Ongoing and Excessive State of Emergency Didn’t Win It the Eurocup
France appears to be teetering on the edge of authoritarian fascism if it hasn’t toppled overboard already. It abused the state of emergency to put environmental activists under house arrest. It rammed through a new Work Law without parliamentary vote. This has been widely protested for months with the French government returning to the bad old days with police in riot gear beating up peaceful protesters.
Protesters gathered on Jan. 23 against the state of emergency, Photo by charlier.valentin/flickr/cc
CGT Communications Branch Poster: Police Should Protect Citizens and Not Hit Them (Stop the Violence); Leader Arrested For Defamation of the Police
The communications branch of the CGT union put out a poster saying that police should protect citizens and not hit them and “Stop the Violence”. The leader was arrested for defamation of the police. France has been criticized by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International for abuses during its State of Emergency. It is a very frightening state of affairs and no one seems to notice. The French people haven’t taken this state of affairs lying down but have been out in the streets protesting for months. Will the State of Emergency end as the original Roman dictatorships did? Or, will Prime Minister Valls et. al. decide to keep it as a Roman dictator finally did, leading to the end of the Republic? Dictatorship was first temporary, but became permanent. See more here: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/05/26/francos-on-the-march-in-france-80-years-after-the-fascist-rising-in-spain/
Human Rights Groups and UN Human Rights Experts Alarmed By French State of Emergency
France appears in violation of: “Human Rights Committee, General Comment 29, States of Emergency(article 4), U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.11 (2001)“: “4. A fundamental requirement for any measures derogating from the Covenant, as set forth in article 4, paragraph 1, is that such measures are limited to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation. This requirement relates to the duration, geographical coverage and material scope of the state of emergency and any measures of derogation resorted to because of the emergency.” See: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/01/21/un-human-rights-experts-alarmed-by-frances-excessive-and-disproportionate-restrictions-on-fundamental-freedoms-and-abuses-islamic-terror-attack-used-as-excuse-to-target-environmentalists/
While France has strike reports like weather reports, such large-scale protest as has occurred over the lasst months is comparatively rare. This is backlash against Prime Minister Manuel Valls who shoved a law through parliament amending the work code, without vote. Yes, that’s right, there is some 1958 constitutional loophole allowing for this. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/05/25/workers-vote-to-strike-at-all-19-nuclear-power-stations-in-france/ (Unfortunately we haven’t had time to cover this as much as we would like, but the fight against this law, especially by the CGT, continues.)
The End of Nuclear in Portugal; The Beginning of Renewables
“The official halt to a possible nuclear energy plan came from the State Secretary of Environment of the X Constitutional Government in 1986. Although the Minister for Industry and Commerce and the State Secretary of Industry did not agree with this position, the then Prime Minister of Portugal Aníbal Cavaco Silva rectified it, becoming an official government decision.
In the following 20 years, nuclear energy became a taboo for Portugal. The XIII Constitutional Government (1995–1999), led by António Guterres, decided to adopt an energy policy focused on renewable energies. At the end of that parliamentary term, the government emitted the joint order number 531/99, in which it formalized the position of Portugal on the nuclear energy issue at international level. The overall position is a gradual retirement from both the industry and the research and development scene in this field. These propositions are popular amongst the people, who 70% do not want nuclear plants built in their country.
2005 to present
It was only in February 2005 that nuclear was brought once again to attention when the businessman Patrick Monteiro de Barros, together with other promoters, proposed the construction of a 1600 MWe EPR reactor. The possible location for that plant was not revealed, although rumours stated that Mogadouro, close to the Douro river could be the one. The project never reached a debate stage. The strong opposition from the environmentalist organisations and companies involved in the renewable energy business forbid not only the further development of Monteiro de Barros project, but of the nuclear option in any form (Correia et al. 2009).” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_energy_in_Portugal (Emphasis our own).
The renewable energy in May was mostly from wind, and hydro due to spring rains. An environmental group points out the importance of Portugal further developing its solar energy as a clean power source, especially for the summer months. http://zero.ong/consumo-de-eletricidade-em-portugal-foi-assegurado-durante-mais-de-4-dias-seguidos-por-fontes-renovaveis/
About Portugal’s Authoritarian-Fascist Government:
“The Estado Novo (Portuguese pronunciation: [(ɨ)ʃˈtadu, -ðu ˈnovu], “New State”), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist authoritarian regime installed in Portugal in 1933, often considered to be a dictatorship. It evolved from the Ditadura Nacional formed after the coup d’état of 28 May 1926 against the democratic and unstable First Republic. Together, the Ditadura Nacional and Estado Novo are recognised as the Second Portuguese Republic. The Estado Novo, greatly inspired by conservative and authoritarian ideologies, was developed by António de Oliveira Salazar, ruler of Portugal from 1932 to 1968, when he fell ill and was replaced by Marcelo Caetano.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estado_Novo_(Portugal)
About the 1974 Carnation Revolution:
“The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese: Revolução dos Cravos), also referred to as the 25 April (Portuguese: 25 de Abril), was initially a military coup in Lisbon, Portugal, on 25 April 1974 which overthrew the regime of the Estado Novo. The revolution started as a military coup organized by the Armed Forces Movement (Portuguese: Movimento das Forças Armadas, MFA) composed of military officers who opposed the regime, but the movement was soon coupled with an unanticipated and popular campaign of civil resistance. This movement would lead to the fall of the Estado Novo and the withdrawal of Portugal from its African colonies and East Timor.
The name “Carnation Revolution” comes from the fact that almost no shots were fired and when the population took to the streets to celebrate the end of the dictatorship and war in the colonies, carnations were put into the muzzles of rifles and on the uniforms of the army men. In Portugal, the 25th of April is a national holiday, known as Freedom Day (Portuguese: Dia da Liberdade), to celebrate the event.”
Probably not an accident that this was the same date that the Italians rose up against fascist dictatorship: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_Day_(Italy)
“Freedom Day” photo by Marg via Flickr: https://farm1.staticflickr.com/193/494080183_fe2593a2fc_o_d.jpg
Taken on April 29, 2007