Aachen, Ahaus, America, AVR, Charleston, environment, German Pebble Bed Nuclear reactors, Germany, interim storage, interim storage facility, Juelich, juelich research, nuclear energy, nuclear waste, Pebble Bed nuclear reactors, PSI, radioactive waste, RWE, Savannah River Nuclear Site, Savannah River Site, South Carolina, SRS, Switzerland, Texas, THTR, US DOE, USA, WCS
“Germany is a wealthy and stable first-world ally capable of safely and securely managing this SNF [Spent Nuclear Fuel] without US assistance.” (Citizens Advisory Bd, Savannah River Site)
Reuters reported (30 May 2016) that “The German cabinet plans to approve a draft law on August 3 that will require its utilities to pay billions of euros into a state fund to help cover the cost of nuclear storage,…” Germany’s major nuclear power companies include E.ON, RWE, EnBW and Vattenfall. The law will be debated and voted in German parliament in November. Reuters reported (1 June 2016) that while this 23.3 billion euros ($26 billion) is to “remove unwanted long-term liability for the storage of nuclear waste. The responsibility for dismantling and storing nuclear waste in the interim will remain with the utility companies.” (Emphasis our own).
Most of the 200 tonnes of high level nuclear waste which Germany is trying to dump upon America is from the THTR nuclear reactor and is currently stored in the Ahaus interim storage facility. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/03/05/germany-to-empty-93-of-concrete-bunker-of-nuclear-waste-to-send-to-usa-to-sit-outside-under-tarp-bury-oppose-by-march-11th-at-11-59-pm-deadline-looms/
https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/03/10/proposed-dumping-of-200-tonnes-of-german-nuclear-waste-on-america-did-the-us-mislead-people-on-the-amount-hidden-in-plain-sight-jein-as-germans-say-oppose-dumping-of-200-tonnes-german-nuc/ (Some of the Juelich AVR spent nuclear fuel is already in Ahaus with the THTR spent nuclear fuel. High level nuclear waste from both AVR and THTR Pebble Bed nuclear reactors is apparently to be sent to America under this scheme.)
RWE owns about a third of the THTR, as well as of the Ahaus interim storage facility. If the THTR high level radioactive waste is sent to America, most likely to be diluted and buried in Texas, then RWE can use the space for interim storage of some of its other radioactive waste. That will save it money. It will also save the other owners of the waste, which include governmental entities, money. It is important to recall that it was German officials who asked the US government to take the nuclear waste off of their hands, as a partial solution for cleaning up the Juelich research site. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/07/29/the-us-german-nuclear-proliferation-risk-con-game/
German radioactive sludge has already ended up buried under Italy’s best agricultural lands, according to testimony by repentant (Camorra) mobster Carmine Schiavone (b. 1943). He first testified to the government about this in the 1990s. Not very long after his testimony became declassified and he repeatedly appeared on television, he mysteriously died (22 Feb. 2015). Sending the radioactive waste to Italy and to America represents a one time cost for German utilities. While German utilities must have paid a one time fee to companies which ultimately buried the radioactive sludge under Italian farmland in the “Triangle of Death”, US taxpayers pay a fortune at the Savannah River Site to deal with radioactive sludge on an annual basis: “Cost of trying to deal with radioactive waste sludge at Savannah River site: Funding profile to be used for Cases l and 2 is as follows: – $446M in FY16 – $475M in FY17 – $490M in FY18 – $500M in FY19 – $520M in FY20 – $525M/yr beginning in FY2l and escalated 1% thereafter, until the end of the program“. https://web.archive.org/web/20160329135722/http://www.srs.gov/general/pubs/srr-lw-systemplan.pdf (That’s only radioactive waste sludge.)
Like most large German companies that have become household names, RWE got ahead not because it was better, but due to unethical-unfair business practices under the Nazis (e.g. taking over their competitors who were ethnic Jewish): https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/03/19/paul-silverberg-lost-all-to-the-nazis-including-rag-and-rew-to-rwe-thyssen-flick This still matters because we see some old Nazi companies today – monopolies or oligopolies- getting by with production and sales of poorly designed and manufactured products, and sometimes still practicing bad ethics. Their wealth and power can serve to lock out competitive innovation. The same can be said for many Swiss companies, which got ahead under the Nazis.
One thing the Swiss apparently excel at is accounting. Like the Germans, the Swiss decided that dumping at least part of their radioactive waste on America is an all around good deal for them. After all, the short, medium and long-term costs are fixed and known by the Swiss, when they export it to be America’s problem. Or, at least so they think. Ash from Alberta wildfires coming to Europe suggests that they may not totally get shot of it in that way. And, when one is speaking of nuclear waste one is talking very long term – longer than humans have walked the face of the earth as anything remotely resembling humans.
According to Savannah River Site Watch: “A draft SRS Citizens Advisory Board letter against the German waste import was suppressed by DOE and CAB management, which did not allow discussion at the CAB meeting on May 23 despite the letter being duly approved by the CAB’s Nuclear Materials Committee and passed to the full CAB for discussion – linked here.
A similar version of this letter, in the form of a draft statement, may be discussed at the Nuclear Materials meeting on June 7, 2016 in New Ellenton, South Carolina“. http://www.srswatch.org
Supposedly US HEU comprised 1 gram of each 200 gram nuclear fuel ball for the German Pebble Bed reactors. However, there is sound reason to suspect that even this is not US origin, but rather German, Dutch, or British. See more explanation here: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/03/10/proposed-dumping-of-200-tonnes-of-german-nuclear-waste-on-america-did-the-us-mislead-people-on-the-amount-hidden-in-plain-sight-jein-as-germans-say-oppose-dumping-of-200-tonnes-german-nuc/ Whatever was in there is now just radioactive waste, anyway. The unused German pebble bed fuel was already sent to Dounreay Scotland to be processed, years ago, and some of the waste created will be buried in Scotland for perpetuity.
While German companies were the second biggest foreign lobbyists in the US (by country) most of this appears to have been Deutsche Telecom. Do they have ties to the German government-nuclear industry? http://foreign.influenceexplorer.com/lobby-location2013
Ownership of the THTR, which accounts for the majority of the radioactive waste proposed to be sent to America, is 31% RWE directly and around 6% indirectly via Gemeinschaftswerk Hattingen GmbH (WSW Wuppertaler Stadtwerke GmbH, RWE Power Aktiengesellschaft, which owns 12%: https://web.archive.org/web/20160318133803/http://thtr.de/aktuelles-ges.htm
At the Paducah facility, over the course of a quarter of a century: “Since 1990, DOE has invested $1.9 billion dollars in successful site cleanup” https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://energy.gov/pppo/paducah-site/paducah-environmental-remediation
Compare this $1.9 billion for 25 years of clean-up at Paducah nuclear site to the $1.9 billion spent in 2016 alone for the import and dumping of foreign nuclear waste upon America. After the US imports this waste the foreign companies are no longer liable, making it a sweetheart of a deal for them, and death to America.
This includes such dangerously nasty countries as Switzerland. While the Swiss have low educational levels, they are a nation of accountants and recognize a sweetheart of a financial deal when they see it. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/04/15/swiss-made-plutonium-removed-from-swiss-safe-to-be-buried-in-america/ And, they don’t want any nuclear waste in their backyard and even the poorest Swiss seem to have plenty of money – perhaps something to do with money sequestered away from the Nazi era? Having money, and endless holidays, makes it easier to fight off a waste disposal facility.
Neither the Swiss nor US governments ever explained how it helps non-proliferation to remove old (mostly useless, but very dangerous) plutonium-americium from Swiss vaults, and ship it up the Rhine and on to America. They did this earlier this year while a terrorist from the Paris attacks was still on the loose. In fact, the US NNSA stated re the Swiss Made Plutonium: “It had been securely stored for several decades under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at the Paul Scherrer Institute” https://web.archive.org/web/20160531113937/https://www.admin.ch/gov/fr/accueil/documentation/communiques.msg-id-60791.html https://web.archive.org/web/20160413174329/http://nnsa.energy.gov/mediaroom/pressreleases/united-states-collaborates-switzerland-remove-last-remaining-separated
“The Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (DNN) proposal, at $1.9 billion, an increase of $325 million or about 18 percent from FY 2015 levels, continues to secure the most vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide and funds Nuclear Counterterrorism and Incident Response (NCTIR).” https://web.archive.org/web/20150923040602/http://nnsa.energy.gov/mediaroom/pressreleases/fy-2016-budget
The Grand Council of Basel-Stadt Switzerland noted that: “The costs of return of highly enriched uranium to the United States is primarily transport, conversion and insurance costs, which are estimated at 1.5 to 1.7 million Swiss francs.” https://web.archive.org/web/20160304204246/http://www.grosserrat.bs.ch/dokumente/100375/000000375774.pdf
Reuters reported at the end of May that Germany is trying to close loopholes which would allow the nuclear utilities to get out from under liability.
“UPDATE 1-Germany to shut nuclear liability loophole -sources
Posted:Mon, 30 May 2016 12:07:32 -0400
* Govt wants to ensure utilities liable for nuclear shutdown costs” http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/utilitiesNews/~3/ehqFpj-IoKM/germany-nuclear-liability-idUSL8N18R354
Not to be debated and voted by the German Parliament until November:
“Germany plans draft law on nuclear storage costs in August
Posted:Mon, 30 May 2016 07:21:02 -0400
BERLIN, May 30 (Reuters) – The German cabinet plans to approve a draft law on August 3 that will require its utilities to pay billions of euros into a state fund to help cover the cost of nuclear storage, according to an Economy Ministry timetable seen by Reuters on Monday” http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/utilitiesNews/~3/CykeUUGlQVI/germany-nuclear-idUSL8N18R1WR
“UPDATE 1-Germany agrees to plug nuclear liability loophole
Posted:Wed, 01 Jun 2016 06:05:41 -0400
* Government approves storage cost fund recommendations (Adds details, shares)” http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/utilitiesNews/~3/_ocAc1OUP_k/germany-nuclear-idUSL8N18T1SM
“German cabinet approves state fund for nuclear storage costs
Posted:Wed, 01 Jun 2016 04:35:17 -0400
BERLIN, June 1 (Reuters) – Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cabinet approved a draft law on Wednesday that adopted recommendations requiring Germany’s utilities to pay 23.3 billion euros ($25.98 billion) into a state fund to cover the costs of storing nuclear waste, government sources said“.http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/reuters/utilitiesNews/~3/EeqEBuwTkXw/germany-nuclear-idUSB4N161007
About the owner of the Ahaus waste facility, which would be 93% emptied out if the THTR (and AVR) waste is sent to America, thus making room for more nuclear waste from the owner-utilities: “The shareholders of the Gesellschaft für Nuklear Service are E.ON (48%), RWE (28%), EnBW (18.5%) and Vattenfall (5.5%). The company is 75% owner of the Deutsche Gesellschaft zum Bau und Betrieb von Endlagern für Abfallstoffe (DBE) [German Society for the Construction and Operation of Waste Repositories]. The company manufactures two dry cask storage systems, CASTOR and CONSTOR.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gesellschaft_für_Nuklear-Service https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transportbehälterlager_Ahaus Furthermore, it has a 100 % stake in the transport container (interim) storage facility Gorleben, the waste storage facility Gorleben and the transport container (interim) storage facility (dem Transportbehälterlager Gorleben, dem Abfalllager Gorleben und dem Transportbehälterlager Ahaus. dem Transportbehälterlager Gorleben, dem Abfalllager Gorleben und dem Transportbehälterlager Ahaus. ) https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNS_Gesellschaft_für_Nuklear-Service Besides being able to store their own nuclear waste in Ahaus, they could rent it to others.
Who owns the THTR radioactive waste? Presumably the THTR owners:
RWE Power Aktiengesellschaft 31 %; Gemeinschaftskraftwerk Weser GmbH & Co. OHG 26 %; Mark E Aktiengesellschaft 26 %; Gemeinschaftswerk Hattingen GmbH (WSW Wuppertaler Stadtwerke GmbH, RWE Power Aktiengesellschaft) 12 %; Stadtwerke Aachen Aktiengesellschaft 5 %. https://web.archive.org/web/20160318133803/http://thtr.de/aktuelles-ges.htm
“Gesellschafter der GNS sind die Unternehmen E.ON Kernkraft (48 %), RWE Power (28 %), die EnBW-Tochter Südwestdeutsche Nuklear-Entsorgungs-Gesellschaft (18,5 %) und Vattenfall Europe (5,5 %).”
Who owns the AVR radioactive waste? Presumably the AVR owners:
“The decommissioning of the AVR has been exceptionally difficult, time-consuming and expensive. Since the original operators were overwhelmed by the effort, government agencies have taken over dismantling and disposal. In 2003 they officially took ownership of the reactor and its nuclear waste.“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AVR_reactor
About what’s stored at the Ahaus interim storage: https://web.archive.org/web/20151106192530/http://www.bfs.de/EN/topics/nwm/interim-storage/central/ahaus/ahaus_node.html Some AVR radioactive waste is already stored with the THTR. AVR waste now belongs to “government agences”.
Some more information about Savannah River Site: https://web.archive.org/web/20150708142404/http://energy.gov/em/savannah-river-site