americium, DIorit, Islamist terrorism, Lucens, MOX, nuclear safety, nuclear waste, nuclear weapons, Obama, Paul Scherrer Institute, plutonium, PSI, Swiss dumps nuclear waste on America, Swiss experimental reactors, Swiss made nuclear reactors, Swiss nuclear accident, Swiss nuclear weapons, Switzerland, terrorism, transport of nuclear waste, US dumping ground European waste
Switzerland removing plutonium made in a Swiss built reactor from safes or vaults (probably safes in vaults in underground bomb shelters), which was under constant surveillance, to ship to America to be diluted and buried in order to “contribute to the efforts of securing nuclear material on an international scale” really unveils the current scam of turning America into a dumping-burial ground for international waste.
Mosler Safes Resisted Atomic Bombs
This is especially true when the following statement by the US NNSA is examined. Clearly the US government is telling a whopper of a lie here: “NNSA’s first priority is to seek a foreign solution that does not involve bringing this material to the United States. If such a solution cannot be identified, NNSA proposes to receive weapons-usable plutonium from foreign countries and manage it at a DOE site in the United States. The Proposed Action is to transport up to 900 kilograms (1,984 pounds) of gap material plutonium by ship from countries in Europe, along the Pacific Rim, and in North America to a U.S. seaport of entry. From the port of entry, gap material plutonium would be transported by a specially designed transporter to SRS, where it would be placed in storage, processed as needed, and ultimately dispositioned along with surplus U.S. plutonium.” DOE/EA-2024 December 2015
“ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, FOR GAP MATERIAL PLUTONIUM – TRANSPORT, RECEIPT, AND PROCESSING” http://nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/inlinefiles/Final%20Environmental%20Assessment_122315.pdf
The Swiss are so proud of their SWISS MADE Labels. But, they don’t want their own nasty, probably swollen, Americium laced Plutonium waste. They appear to think that radioactive material called Americium must belong in America even if it was SWISS MADE: “What makes plutonium really special, however, is that it also ages from the inside out. As a result of its radioactive nature, it relentlessly undergoes self-irradiation damage throughout its volume. Consequently, nature’s most unusual element becomes even more complex as it ages…. Based on our current rudimentary understanding of these processes, we cannot preclude the possibility of the continued accumulation of radiation damage in plutonium under typical storage temperatures. However, general observations of self-irradiation damage show no major macroscopic changes for at least 40 years—in other words, plutonium does not “crumble”… The transmutation products resulting from α-decay—radiogenic helium and other actinide atoms—can also affect bulk properties. After 50 years of storage, weapons-grade plutonium will have grown in the following amounts of transmutation products: approximately 2000 atomic parts per million (ppm) helium, 3700 ppm americium, 1700 ppm uranium, and 300 ppm neptunium. After that length of time, a piece weighing 1 kilogram will contain nearly two-tenths of a liter of helium measured at standard conditions. Said differently, after 50 years of decay, the accumulated helium in plutonium would generate a pressure of 3 atmospheres in an equivalent empty volume!” Los Alamos Science Number 26 2000, “Aging of Plutonium and Its Alloys“, Siegfried S. Hecker and Joseph C. Martz http://permalink.lanl.gov/object/tr?what=info:lanl-repo/lareport/LA-UR-00-2619 A more recent (2015) Los Alamos publication points out: “aging plutonium—ravaged day by day by its own radioactivity—is even more perplexing than fresh plutonium, and keeping it under control is painstaking, diligent work.” https://www.lanl.gov/discover/publications/1663/2015-october/_assets/docs/1663_25_Pu.pdf
While one might then imagine that the Swiss worried that their vaults might not hold in this 1/2 century old, probably high pressure plutonium, and better to get shot of it upon America, this would be expecting the typical Swiss to think atypically deeply. Switzerland is a land of low educational levels, apparently dominated by accountants needed for banking. So, it should not be surprising that the reason is probably less complex. It probably has to do with basic accounting, i.e. arithmetic. The treasonous Obama administration apparently offered the Swiss a sweetheart of a deal financially and they got shot of their nasty americium laced plutonium.
The reasons are probably the same discussed by the Grand Council of Basel as reasons for sending HEU based spent nuclear fuel to the USA late last year: 1) cost of temporary storage and 2) no place to dispose of it permanently/not wanting it. In relation to the formerly HEU, now spent nuclear fuel, which they also sent to America, Basel (2013) states that it is much cheaper to send it to the USA, the cost is known, and that neither they nor France want it. Furthermore, the possibility of dumping it on the USA, via NNSA, expired in 2016. French CERCA-AREVA took some almost new fuel which had been stored at the Paul Scherrer Institute in a vault but wouldn’t take the spent nuclear fuel, which they sent to the USA, because it was irradiated and had plutonium. http://www.grosserrat.bs.ch/dokumente/100375/000000375774.pdf It seems that the Obama administration wanted to max out the dumping on America before the he left office.
The Diorit Reactor was Swiss Made, like the Lucens reactor. Both had nuclear accidents causing contamination. These are failed Swiss Made technologies from half a century ago and had nothing to do with America. They were NOT Made in USA. The spent fuel from Diorit was reportedly sent to France and Belgium to be reprocessed half a century ago. Plutonium has a shelf life because plutonium 241 becomes americium 241. Thus, this is good for nothing now. It is simply lethal high level nuclear waste being sent to dump outside of Switzerland, even though, like Germany, they have temporary bunker-like storage, unlike America. The US has lots of old plutonium of its own, which it doesn’t have a place for. Furthermore, utilities are suing the US government for millions and maybe hundreds of millions per nuclear power station, to pay for temporary storage of nuclear waste on site, because the USA has no place for its commercial high level waste and Holtec charges a fortune per cask, plus there are related costs.
The Federal Press Release is not as honest about the intent as was the Council of Basel. Moving it out of a secure facility in Switzerland, transporting it across Europe and sending it across the Atlantic to be buried in America is not “securing nuclear material”, especially with known Islamist terrorists on the run. When Germany and other countries welcomed tens of thousands of mostly young male asylum seekers at one time, the Swiss sealed up their northern border, keeping Islamist terrorists out. The plutonium was much better protected in Switzerland at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI). Translation based on the Swiss Government Press Release:
Berne, 26 Feb. 2016 – From January to February 2016, some 20 kg of plutonium held by the Confederation was transported to the US while respecting the most strict security. It was material that has been stored since the 1960s on the site of the current Paul Scherrer Institute. The plutonium came from fuel rods removed from the Diorit research reactor, exploited from 1960 to 1977. In 2014 at the Nuclear Security Summit, the Federal Council decided to liquidate the plutonium stock in order to contribute to the efforts of securing nuclear material on an international scale. The spent fuel used for Diorit were sent to Belgium and France for reprocessing between 1966 and 1973 and the plutonium was sent back to Switzerland.
The plutonium, which was intended to serve in the development of a new generation of fuel for nuclear power stations, belonged to the Confederation. It was stocked for decades in safes stored on the site of the current PSI, in accordance with national and international security measures. The material was under permanent surveillance and was inspected several times per year by inspectors from the IAEA. Original press release here: https://www.admin.ch/gov/fr/accueil/documentation/communiques.msg-id-60791.html (If you click at the link there is a French, German, and Italian version). It seems widely suspected by Swiss that this was weapons grade plutonium, but the non-weapons grade is even nastier after half a century.
Where will the Swiss Made Plutonium end up? The US government made up a euphemism for this non-US origin unwanted foreign plutonium waste being dumped on America. They call it the nice-sounding name “gap”. The Gap Plutonium is to be disposed of with US plutonium at WIPP, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico, which is currently closed subsequent to a radiological accident. Several US States are suing the US government (i.e. taxpayer) to take away plutonium from US government labs and yet the US takes foreign waste.
The combination of aging and of valence fluctuations (Janoschek, 2015, http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/6/e1500188) actually appears to mean that no one can ever really know what’s going on with plutonium waste.
Explaining where the Swiss and other Gap plutonium (Pu) will go. The Swiss plutonium was brought into Savannah River Nuclear Site (SRS) in South Carolina and it is supposed to be eventually sent to WIPP (geologic repository in salt), as explained in the text. WIPP is back-filled and sealed as it goes along and along and so is effectively burial, especially because the salt is expected to collapse (and it is.) It may end up diluted and buried elsewhere, however. If not, the equivalent in US waste will, because there will be less space in WIPP for US waste, due to foreign waste. And, no one wants the stuff. Even the states-regions which benefit from the US nuclear labs want to get shot of that plutonium shit. No body wants that nasty old stuff, but Obama decided the US should import more.
Note that Japan 15 April earthquakes in relation to nuclear reactors reported in news here: