americium, backfill, brine, bulkheads, burial of nuclear waste, burial of plutonium, corrosion, Dirty Bomb, DOE, EPA, explosions, flammable gases, Frank Klotz, Gap nuclear materials, German nuclear, Gift Basket diplomacy, helium, import of foreign nuclear waste, Japan, karst, LANL, LLNL, Madmen, New Mexico, NNSA, nuclear materials, nuclear security, nuclear waste, Obama, plutonium, salt, salt creep, Savannah River Nuclear Site, Sweden, Switzerland, terrorism, terrorists, Texas, Thom Mason, Tom D'Agostino, USA, Utah, water, WIPP
[Note that this is April 2nd and this is still dead serious, as documented below and easy to verify online. However, Obama holding his “Nuclear Security Summit” on April Fool’s Day does appear telling.]
Madmen within the American government-Obama Administration with their poison “gift” basket diplomacy are planning to bury old foreign plutonium, from terrorist countries such as Switzerland, Sweden, and Japan, at WIPP in New Mexico, and old foreign uranium waste in Utah, Texas, or elsewhere, USA. Switzerland had their plutonium in vaults at Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) behind heavy gates and probably in a bunker. Meanwhile, US commercial nuclear waste sits dangerously on nuclear reactor sites throughout America and the US government (read taxpayer) is being sued because it has not been removed from the sites, as promised. WIPP is for US defense related transuranic waste. WIPP is dangerously unfit for purpose. Only madmen-terrorists would add foreign nuclear waste on top of US waste. WIPP has been closed for over two years subsequent to a fire-explosion of plutonium waste, a “radiological event”.
With plutonium and other other lethal transuranic waste crammed together and backfilled into known to collapse salt, WIPP was designed with explosion walls for each panel. However, after waste blew up in an unclosed panel they rushed to close it. But, this doesn’t solve the problem!
Damaged drum with radioactive waste inside WIPP, New Mexico, USA, May 2014 above http://www.wipp.energy.gov/wipprecovery/photo_video.html
Corroded plutonium below:
Types of radionuclides which escaped, included weapons grade plutonium (239), americium (241) and more: “Initial non-destructive gamma analyses conducted on the FAS sample indicated the airborne activity was primarily Am-241, followed by Pu-239, Am-243/Np-239, and Np-237/Pa-233.” http://www.wipp.energy.gov/Special/SRNL_Preliminary_Summary_Report.pdf “Recent laboratory analyses by Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (CEMRC) found some trace amounts of americium and plutonium from a sampling station located on the WIPP access road. This is consistent with the fact that HEPA filters remove at least 99.97% of contaminant from the air, meaning a minute amount still can pass through the filters” http://www.wipp.energy.gov/pr/2014/2-19-14%20CBFO%20Release%20Radiological%20Sampling%20Continues%20at%20WIPP.pdf
President Obama is clearly talking about his administration’s import of foreign plutonium (etc.) to bury in WIPP and elsewhere USA, as well as those who ignored the evidence that WIPP was an unsuitable place to even temporarily store nuclear waste when he says: “There is no doubt that if these madmen ever got their hands on a nuclear bomb or nuclear material they most certainly would use it to kill as many innocent people as possible.“ https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/04/01/remarks-president-obama-and-prime-minister-rutte-opening-session-nuclear That’s his justification for what are essentially time bomb dirty bombs in WIPP and elsewhere, not to mention flying almost a tonne of allegedly Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) or once upon a time HEU, and now just Nuclear Waste, from the UK to America and back to Continental Europe! Interestingly, locals in the Scottish Highlands don’t want to get shot of the Dounreay nuclear waste badly enough to have it possibly pass by them on the roadway or fly over their heads. Perhaps they recall the Lockerbie crash, further south in Scotland?
Adding foreign (or other) plutonium to WIPP is terrorism, murder, in plain sight. Not only was WIPP designed to fail due to salt creep slowly closing up the rooms, which would eventually crush the containers and increase any gas pressures because less volume is greater pressure, but it’s even worse. WIPP has never been dry and suffered from seeping, leakage from the beginning. The brine (salt) water speeds up corrosion and the creation of flammable gases. It speeds up collapse of the rooms, which are made of salt, and will burst the canisters. It risks contaminating water supplies more quickly than planned, especially in karst terrain. Aging plutonium is even more unstable than new plutonium, and, as a metal, is subject to corrosion from outside in and degrades from inside out, producing helium over time, increasing pressure. A recent (2015) Los Alamos publication points out: “aging plutonium—ravaged day by day by its own radioactivity—is even more perplexing than fresh plutonium, and keeping it under control is painstaking, diligent work.“ https://www.lanl.gov/discover/publications/1663/2015-october/_assets/docs/1663_25_Pu.pdf Burying it is not keeping it under control! The combination of aging and of valence fluctuations (Janoschek, 2015, http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/6/e1500188) appears to mean that no one can ever really know what’s going on with plutonium waste, although some governmental researchers stay busy trying to prove otherwise.
Why should the US provide a disposition pathway for foreign plutonium or other nuclear waste? This is especially so for those who keep making more nuclear waste in nuclear reactors and the so-called gap waste. The foreign plutonium is old, dangerous, and mostly unsuited for use in weapons. It’s lethal garbage, of which the US has plenty of its own. Once again, the NNSA says “… ultimately remove 6 MT of surplus plutonium from the State of South Carolina for final disposal at WIPP. In addition, by providing a disposition pathway for foreign plutonium brought to SRS, it supports one of the core missions of DOE/NNSA, securing vulnerable nuclear materials. The importance of keeping nuclear materials out of the hands of terrorists is clearer today than ever and is essential to protecting our Nation and allies. Since 1996, DOE/NNSA has removed or secured more than 5 tons of highly enriched uranium and plutonium from more than 40 countries.” http://www.srswatch.org/uploads/2/7/5/8/27584045/pu_rod_record_of_decision_fact_sheet_march_29_2016.pdf
Savannah River Nuclear Site has already sent a lot of plutonium and other “Tranuranic” waste to WIPP. Some of this may also have been foreign nuclear waste.
It appears that the Gift basket diplomacy concept introduced at the 2010 and 2012 Nuclear Security Summit is using the German term “Gift”, meaning poison. German educated individuals were important to the nuclear energy and weapons programs of the US. And, the US Manhattan nuclear weapons project came about due to well-justified fears that Nazi Germany was building nuclear weapons. “The United States first implemented Gift basket diplomacy in the Nuclear Security Summit process between the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit and 2012 Nuclear Security Summit“. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gift_basket_diplomacy Most of the European nuclear industry has Nazi roots in one way or another (e.g. Nukem-URENCO, Siemens). The center of the German nuclear industry, Hanau, was earlier home to the Brothers Grimm. Perhaps old Nazis stayed awake all night coming up with the euphemism of “Gift” baskets for nuclear waste sent to destroy America?
The situation at WIPP seems to be like a murder in plain sight, which no one sees. All of the information is there. Not only was it designed to fail due to salt creep slowly closing up the rooms, which would eventually crush the containers and increase any gas pressures because less volume is greater pressure, https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/01/26/roof-fall-in-wipp-problems-just-beginning-this-is-what-happens-when-you-put-waste-in-salt/ but it’s even worse. And, the problems have been known for over a quarter of a century, as discussed in “The WIPP Trail” documentary. Large amounts of the waste were known to have combustible materials. Furthermore, it’s never been dry and suffered from seeping, leakage from the beginning. The brine (salt) water speeds up corrosion and the creation of flammable gases. It speeds up collapse of the rooms, which are made of salt, and will burst the canisters. It risks contaminating water supplies more quickly than planned, especially in karst terrain. https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/03/27/the-weeping-wipp-road-wipp-leaking-from-the-get-go/
The DNFSB is highly concerned, in stark contrast to the evil NNSA:
Here is part of Canadian Thom Mason’s plan to cram as much as possible into WIPP.
http://nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/inlinefiles/Pu-Disposition-Red-Team-Report-081315vFinal-SM.pdf See: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/09/03/plan-to-dilute-dispose-disperse-us-plutonium-by-cramming-it-into-collapsing-wipp/
Notice “Gap” plutonium and “Gap” UNF (probably uranium nuclear fuel) and Foreign and Canada.
http://cab.srs.gov/library/meetings/2015/fb/L-AreaUpdate2015rev3.pdf Red arrows added. There may be more that we’ve overlooked. But, clearly the stuff is being buried. Clive radioactive waste dump mentioned above:
Waste Control Specialists (WCS) is another probable site, mentioned in the study on taking 200 tonnes of German uranium based waste.
Shows that explosions were expected between 7 and 35 years, most likely 20 years and thus super-thick walls in the closed panels, but they can still possible leak out in other ways, if these walls are enough.
“AN EVALUATION OF THE APPROVED AND PROPOSED PANEL CLOSURE SYSTEMS AT THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT” October 2006ISO-2 Project Carlsbad, NM ISO-2 Project WIPP Independent Oversight – D
“DETAILED DESIGN REPORT FOR AN OPERATIONAL PHASE PANEL-CLOSURE SYSTEM” DOE-WIPP-96-2150 http://www.wipp.energy.gov/library/Information_Repository_A/Supplemental_Information/DOE%201996%20DOEWIPP%2096-2150%20Complete.pdf
According to LANL Researchers: “What makes plutonium really special, however, is that it also ages from the inside out. As a result of its radioactive nature, it relentlessly undergoes self-irradiation damage throughout its volume. Consequently, nature’s most unusual element becomes even more complex as it ages…. Based on our current rudimentary understanding of these processes, we cannot preclude the possibility of the continued accumulation of radiation damage in plutonium under typical storage temperatures. However, general observations of self-irradiation damage show no major macroscopic changes for at least 40 years—in other words, plutonium does not “crumble”… The transmutation products resulting from α-decay—radiogenic helium and other actinide atoms—can also affect bulk properties. After 50 years of storage, weapons-grade plutonium will have grown in the following amounts of transmutation products: approximately 2000 atomic parts per million (ppm) helium, 3700 ppm americium, 1700 ppm uranium, and 300 ppm neptunium. After that length of time, a piece weighing 1 kilogram will contain nearly two-tenths of a liter of helium measured at standard conditions. Said differently, after 50 years of decay, the accumulated helium in plutonium would generate a pressure of 3 atmospheres in an equivalent empty volume!” “Los Alamos Science Number 26 2000, Aging of Plutonium and Its Alloys“, Siegfried S. Hecker and Joseph C. Martz http://permalink.lanl.gov/object/tr?what=info:lanl-repo/lareport/LA-UR-00-2619 A more recent (2015) Los Alamos publication points out: “aging plutonium—ravaged day by day by its own radioactivity—is even more perplexing than fresh plutonium, and keeping it under control is painstaking, diligent work.” https://www.lanl.gov/discover/publications/1663/2015-october/_assets/docs/1663_25_Pu.pdf
The combination of aging and of valence fluctuations (Janoschek, 2015, http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/6/e1500188) appears to mean that no one can ever really know what’s going on with plutonium waste, although some governmental researchers stay busy trying to prove otherwise, their work appears unconvincing. And, even they admit lack of understanding: Brandon Chung et. al. (2015) in “Self-Irradiation Effects on Metallurgical Properties of Plutonium Alloys” note that “The plutonium alpha-decay leads to the formation and accumulation of numerous defects and transmutations, which affect metallurgical properties… There remain, however, a number of outstanding questions regarding the role of impurities and defects on the fundamental aging process of plutonium… This work reveals that we continue to need better understanding of integrated contribution age-related defects to metallurgical property changes.” Their work is sponsored by USDOE at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Contracts DE-AC52-07NA27344. LLNL-ABS-656954
It is actually Tom D’Agostino, who now works at Fluor, who implemented taking in foreign nuclear waste in 2009: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/04/01/uk-french-spanish-origin-chilean-spent-nuclear-fuel-dumped-on-america-at-us-taxpayer-expense-the-opening-round-of-obamas-nuclear-security-plan/
“When the third disposal panel was filled (WIPP plans a total of 10), DOE petitioned its primary repository regulators (The New Mexico Environment Department – NMED, and the Environmental Protection Agency – EPA) to allow monitoring of gases interior to the disposal panel in lieu of installing explosion walls. DOE argued that by routine monitoring, it could determine if flammable gases were building to potentially explosive levels or not. If concentrations approached action levels or if the monitoring system failed, DOE proposed to construct the explosion walls as originally conceived. This approach allowed DOE to conduct monitoring to potentially demonstrate that explosion walls, and eventually even more robust panel closures, might not be necessary for safe operation of the repository.” http://www.wipp.energy.gov/library/cra/CRA-2014/References/Others/US_DOE_2011_ROMPCS_PCR.pdf How does this make sense? How will they build a wall when it is about to explode?
“March 25, 2008 – NMED issued a Final Determination on two Class 2 PMRs to the WIPP Permit submitted by the Permittees on November 26, 2007. The PMRs included requests to allow the WIPP Operating Record to be maintained in an unalterable, searchable electronic format; monitor each full panel for hydrogen and methane until final panel closure; establish action levels for hydrogen and methane; install substantial barriers and steel bulkheads to isolate a full panel for monitoring purposes; evaluate the monitoring data to determine an appropriate final closure system; revise the location and frequency of volatile organic compound (VOC) monitoring in full panels until final panel closure; inspect and certify the explosion-isolation walls in Panels 1 and 2 and inspect the bulkheads in Panels 3 through 7 until final panel closure; and extend the final closure in Panels 1 through 7 to 2016. After considering all public comment, NMED approved the modification with changes.” http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/wipp/
“Los Alamos Science Number 26 2000, Aging of Plutonium and Its Alloys“, Siegfried S. Hecker and Joseph C. Martz http://permalink.lanl.gov/object/tr?what=info:lanl-repo/lareport/LA-UR-00-2619
One old WIPP document: http://www.iaea.org/inis/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/26/060/26060574.pdf
Access road apparently half a mile away: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_Isolation_Pilot_Plant Although we have read that it is believed to have gone much further away, we couldn’t find the record quickly. But, it’s common sense. The question is just how much and where did it land.
Frank Klotz signed letter on March 29, 2016, Frank Klotz below. Click to Enlarge
Name them and shame them
Klotz Predecessor, Tom D’Agostino, who signed off on the idea of taking foreign nuclear waste that no one wants, with no ties to the USA, aka “Gap” Nuclear materials. D’Agostino now works for Fluor.