centrifuge, enrichment technology, George Bush, Germany, Iran, Juelich, Khan, Libya, Nazis, Netherlands, non-proliferation, non-proliferation hoax, North Korea, nuclear energy, nuclear power, nuclear weapons, Nukem, NWT, Obama, Pakistan, President Bush, President Obama, proliferation, UK, ultracentrifuge, Urenco, Weapons of Mass Destruction
“A.Q. Khan, Urenco and the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology: The symbiotic relation between nuclear energy and nuclear weapons Publication – 4 May, 2004
Hard evidence for the direct link between nuclear energy and nuclear weapons
The Khan Network
It is now well known that the ‘father’ of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons programme, Abdul Qadeer (AQ) Khan, had his scientific roots in the Netherlands in the 1960’s and 70’s. At that time he had access to what was supposed to be highly secret uranium enrichment technology: the Urenco ultra centrifuge project. Thanks to security problems, as well as deliberate and unwitting help from former teachers and colleagues, he was able to build a global nuclear information network and business. From Pakistan, ultracentrifuge technology, knowledge and materials, were exported to Libya, Iran and North Korea. A mixture of legal and illegal transactions, involving businessmen from all over the world as well as individuals in the higher circles of the military and political elite in Pakistan allowed nuclear proliferation to proceed much faster than even those most familiar with the issue expected.
The Urenco Connection
Urenco, founded in 1970, is one of the world´s leading uranium enrichment companies. A Dutch/German/British consortium, Urenco uses the ultracentrifuge (UC) method to separate the useable fissionable uranium from the non-fissionable uranium. The advanced ultracentrifuge technology developed by Urenco uses significantly less electricity than gas diffusion, which makes it much cheaper. Moreover, a UC enrichment plant can be built in modules, in contrast with gas diffusion plants which tend to be large football field sized facilities. Given the commercial advantages of the UC method of enrichment over gaseous diffusion methods, it is becoming the technology of choice around the world and eleven countries now have UC plants.
After many years of denying accusations in that direction, the IAEA and Dutch authorities have recently confirmed that this very technology seems to have made its way to Iran, Libya and North Korea as well as Pakistan. Moreover, it appears that until very recently Khan used the ‘Dutch branch’ of his international network of suppliers and middlemen for Pakistan’s nuclear programme. And one Dutchman is now under investigation for having dealt with one of the other countries as well.
The Risk of Proliferation
There are two steps in the civil nuclear chain which are most vulnerable with regard to nuclear proliferation: the export of technology for uranium enrichment and the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. The vulnerability of Urenco´s security measures certainly goes a long way to explaining how interested states and non-state parties could obtain a nuclear arsenal via civil nuclear technology.
US President Bush is currently using the Khan disclosures as justification for prohibiting the further export of technology for uranium enrichment and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel to countries which do not yet have this technology at a commercial level. This may yet be an important step in diminishing further global nuclear proliferation. The nuclear weapons and advanced civil nuclear states however, already occupy a privileged position in the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) regime compared to other states. This discrimination, simply increases the risk of proliferation, as it cannot prevent vertical proliferation by the nuclear weapons states.
The development of new nuclear weapons currently taking place in the US for example, increases the risk of a renewed nuclear arms race among the existing nuclear weapons states. The worldwide abolition of uranium enrichment and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, through a comprehensive fissile material treaty is the only real answer to diminishing the risk of nuclear proliferation. And of course, such measures must be accompanied by the abolition of nuclear weapons.” (Emphasis added) http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/reports/a-q-khan-urenco-and-the-prol/
At least George Bush, Jr. had enough intelligence, or common sense, to realize that with enrichment technology one can enrich uranium for fuel or weapons.
President Obama, on the other hand, wants everyone to believe that dumping enriched fuel or nuclear waste upon America is a solution to proliferation.
How can this be a solution when Juelich, which is involved in the planned dumping of German nuclear waste upon America, is involved in the construction of centrifuge facilities and the development of the enrichment process! Why should America take old German nuclear waste, in the name of non-proliferation, when Germans can make new highly enriched uranium?
Besides the serious environmental and health consequences of taking over 200 tonnes of nuclear waste, aren’t Americans tired of being taken for fools by their own government and foreign governments alike?
Juelich is discussed on p. 21 of the Greenpeace document:
URENCO is not simply a philosphical heir to the Nazi regime and holocaust, but is a direct heir. Nukem was one of the founders of URENCO. According to the German newspaper “Die Zeit”, Sept. 1987, the 25th silver anniversary document for Nukem proclaimed that it started in 1940. Nukem is a descendant of the Degussa “nuclear group” that provided uranium for Heisenberg’s [Nazi] experimental reactor. Nuclear scientists restarted in 1955 at Degussa. The “nuclear group” reassembled under the leadership of Dr. Günther Wirth, already member of the nuclear project under the Nazi regime, and who went to Russia after World War II, where manufacturing methods for uranium metal production were developed. Already at the official founding of Nukem by Degussa in 1960, 147 people worked in the “nuclear village”. Read more here: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2016/03/20/urencos-nazi-ancestor-degussa-took-over-a-jewish-firm-processed-the-uranium-for-the-nazi-nuclear-project-and-provided-the-ussr-with-nuclear-scientists-uranium/
An honest person must recognize that Greenpeace is clearly right. As long as the nuclear weapons states have weapons, everyone else will want them.
Greenpeace is polite and fails to point out that if the nuclear weapons states didn’t have dumber and dumber, mentally unstable and mean-spirited leaders, then this might not be the case. Dumber than Bush, Obama speaks for himself. What to say about French President Hollande who was caught running around on a Moped in the middle of the night to cheat on his live-in girlfriend? And President Putin who apparently acted out middle-aged crisis by marrying a girl 30 years his junior and invading Crimea, maybe to impress her? Hollande and Putin seem to have potentially dangerous issues of self-esteem in the context of aging. Putin’s moods have appeared as cyclical as the moon, from whence comes the word lunatic. Then there is David Cameron and Piggate: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piggate We can give Cameron the benefit of the doubt on this topic, but what ails Obama remains a mystery.
And, those who hold the Airforce weapons triggers in America have been repeatedly accused of doing drugs and have cheated on exams. What non-weapons country wouldn’t be fearful and thus want a nuclear shield given that the dumb, mentally unstable, and mean-spirited hold the nuclear weapons? It is frightening to think that British and French nuclear weapons safety is dependent upon French technology. French cars are known for their design ONLY.
[NB: Like the French president, Putin says that his escapades are no one’s business. Thus, no one is 100% certain if he is officially married or common law married.]