Baroda, deuterium, earthquakes, Emergency Core Cooling System, flooding, GELPRA, Germany, Gujarat, heavy water, India, Kakrapar, KWU, Major Nuclear Leak, militarism, Nangal Heavy Water, nuclear accident, nuclear energy, nuclear hazard, nuclear leak, nuclear power, Nuclear Proliferation, On site Emergency, plutonium, Siemens, Smiling Buddha, Switzerland, Talcher, tritium, TUTICORIN, West Germany, whistle-blower
[Read about French-Swiss and German built heavy water facilities blowing up and catching fire in India, below this article, as well as the problem of plutonium production for this reactor type. And, yet, Americans are supposed to believe the Obama Administration lie that taking SWISS MADE plutonium from Switzerland, and 99.5%-100% German Made nuclear waste from Germany, is supposed to help with non-proliferation? India’s first heavy water production plant was provided by Germany in 1962, 12 years before India’s first successful nuclear bomb test.]
“A Major Leak in India’s Nuclear Plant On Fukushima’s 5th Anniv. On-Site Emergency Declared, March 11, 2016, by Kumar Sundaram
The Unit-1 of the the Kakrapar nuclear power plant in India’s Gujarat state underwent an accident today morning at 9.00 am.
The operator of the nuclear plant, the govt-owned Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited(NPCIL), has declared an on-site emergency even as it has said there is no release or radioactivity in the accident. The NPCIL has said the leak happened in the Primary Heat Transport System (PHTS). The NDTV news report has called it a major heavy water leak.
India’s nuclear regulator, the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) has also issued a statement saying there has been no ”abnormal release of radioactivity outside the plant or radiation exposure” as a result of the incident.
Speaking to DiaNuke.org, the former chief of the AERB Dr. A Gopalakrishnan said that complete facts regarding the situation are yet to become public, particularly regarding the assurance that there is no radioactive release as the leak happened in the primary cooling loop.
The NPCIL has declared an emergency even as it says all safety systems are working fine and there is an automatic shut down.
Even after automatic shut down, the residue heat in the nuclear plants remains high for a long time.
The local District Magistrate had this to say on today’s leak:
“I have been told that the situation is now under control. But we were worried because there had been an accident at the plant earlier too. Mr Jain, who heads the plant, told us that workers from unit one have been sent for medical treatment and that the unit, which was shut because of a leak, will remain closed for a while. We are concerned and I am trying to get a complete report on the matter.”
Speaking to DiaNuke.org, Dr. Sanghamitra Gadekar of Gujarat-based watch-group Anumukti said: “we are extremely doubtful, because as per our knowledge based on the internal documents of the NPCIL, the Emergency Core Cooling System(ECCS) was not tested satisfactorily at the commissioning of Kakrapar’s Unit-1. In 1993, when we came to know that they are starting the reactor without testing the ECCS, we appealed the Prime Minister, the Gujarat Chief Minister and other authorities to halt commissioning. Veteran Gandhian Mahadev Desai then also conducted a fast for five days.”
The same reactor had a major accident in 1994 when floodwaters drowned Kakrapar. The floodgates meant to release excess water could not be opened and the water kept increasing which could lead to a major accident but it was prevented with the efforts of local engineers. Mr. Manoj Mishra, a worker in the power station then who blew whistle on that accident was terminated by the NPCIL. He was denied justice even by the Supreme Court in India which bought the NPCIL’s argument that he cannot be a whistle-blower as he did not have technical degrees. Mr. Mishra had years of experience in the reactor and he was a strong leader of the workers’ union.
Kakrapar is situated not very far from the Vansda-Bharuch earthquake faultline running through Gujarat, which has experienced several major earthquakes.
Exactly on the 5th anniversary of Fukushima, a leak has been reported in the Unit-1 of the Kakrapar Nuclear Power Station near Surat in Gujarat. Although the plan authorities have said all safety systems worked fine and the reactor is under shut-down, the declaration of on-site emergency and the fact that said heavy water leak happened in the primary containment which also has high radioactivity raises many questions. But given the shroud of secrecy that the Indian nuclear industry operates in, actual facts would take time to reveal.
Heavy water leaks are not new for the Indian reactors. Indian nuclear plants use heavy water as coolant and there are been leaks in most plants in India. And as the eminent nuclear physicist in Princeton University Dr. M V Ramana suggests, over a period of time, the heavy water becomes radioactive because some of the heavy hydrogen absorbs neutrons to become tritium“. CC-BY-NC: http://www.dianuke.org/accident-indian-nuclear-plant-kakrapar/ (Emphasis added)
“Opponents of heavy-water reactors suggest that such reactors pose a much greater risk of nuclear proliferation than comparable light water reactors. These concerns stem from the fact that during normal reactor operation, uranium-238 in the natural uranium fuel of a heavy-water reactor is converted into plutonium-239, a fissile material suitable for use in nuclear weapons, via neutron capture followed by two β− decays. As a result, if the fuel of a heavy-water reactor is changed frequently, significant amounts of weapons-grade plutonium can be chemically extracted from the irradiated natural uranium fuel by nuclear reprocessing. In this way, the materials necessary to construct a nuclear weapon can be obtained without any uranium enrichment.
In addition, the use of heavy water as a moderator results in the production of tritium when the deuteriumnuclei in the heavy water absorb neutrons, a very inefficient reaction. Tritium is essential for the production of boosted fission weapons, which in turn enable the easier production of thermonuclear weapons, including neutron bombs…
The proliferation risk of heavy-water reactors was demonstrated when India produced the plutonium for Operation Smiling Buddha, its first nuclear weapon test, by extraction from the spent fuel of a heavy-water research reactor…” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pressurized_heavy-water_reactor (Emphasis added) NB: More evidence that Obama’s running around and taking mostly old plutonium and HEU (some or all used) from Europe and Japan, pretending it’s about non-proliferation, is simply a deceptive excuse to turn America into the nuclear waste dump for Europe and Japan. The US import of old plutonium, which was produced in a Swiss Made nuclear reactor, and purified in Belgium or France, unveiled the true objective.
SWISS, GERMAN, FRENCH ROLES IN EXPLOSIVE INDIA TECHNOLOGY
No surprises that the partly Swiss Made Baroda heavy water production facility [see below] blew up, as accidents are the track record for SWISS MADE nuclear reactors: at Lucens, the Diorit Reactor, and the German Pebble Beds made with ABB (Swiss) help. And, the US has been/is being conned into taking waste from Diorit and the Pebble Bed reactors via lies, deceptions, false guilt-tripping. (Operating Swiss reactors are old US designs, excepting one German reactor).
It is notable that some Swiss mercenaries served the British Empire in India, after the Dutch failed to pay them, and this same “Meuron Regiment” fought against the US in the War of 1812. The US accidentally on purpose bombed Swiss industries and railways during World War II, because they were aiding the Nazis. This was illegal since Switzerland was “neutral”. And the Swiss shot down crippled US airplanes, and took Allied pilots, who made emergency landings, hostage for the rest of the war. And, yet, America just had half-a-century old Swiss Made plutonium, removed from guarded Swiss safes, probably in underground bunkers, dumped upon its shores, to be diluted and buried, in the name of non-proliferation. Half a century old plutonium is very difficult to work with (full of Americium) and high pressure from helium (3 atm.) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regiment_de_Meuron https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_mercenaries Who knows, maybe it’s Nazi-made plutonium given to the Swiss for caretaking, along with gold.
“Accident at Baroda Heavy Water Plant Termed Minor
THE HINDU in English 2 Apr 88 p 7
[Text] Bombay, 1 Apr— The damage to the heavy water plant at Baroda is not major and engineers and technicians are working round the clock to put the plant back into operation within 2 months time, Mr S.M. Sundaram, chairman and chief executive in charge of heavy water projects has told THE HINDU. In April 1986, the Talcher heavy water plant was affected by a fire similar to this one, though that was a major event.
Mr Sundaram said it could not be compared to the explosion which took place some 10 years ago at this plant. That was a major setback and took a long time to rectify. The plant was built by a consortium of two French and one Swiss companies. The collaborators bore the entire responsibility for repairing it…” Read the rest here: JPRS-TND-88-011 3 June 1988, p. 24 http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a345425.pdf (These are news summaries, so may not be exactly as worded in originals.)
The Baroda Heavy Water Facility was built by the French-Swiss consortium M-S Gelpra. http://www.nti.org/learn/facilities/826/ It was in operation by 1973. https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1974BONN16598_b.html
The Talcher Heavy Water Facilty, discussed above, was designed and built by W. German UHDE GmbH. http://www.nti.org/learn/facilities/865/ It was in operation by 1975. https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1974BONN16598_b.html
The Nangal Heavy Water Facility was supplied to India by W. German company Linde in 1962.
This, of course, appears to make clear where the heavy water for India’s first nuclear weapon “Smiling Buddha” came from in 1974. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smiling_Buddha While the French-Swiss built Baroda may have helped, they already had the technology from the Germans in 1962.
From GERMANY BONN
To: CANADA OTTAWA [and others listed at link below]
“1. PRESUMABLY PRESS RELEASE FROM FRG KARLSRUHE NUCLEAR CENTER, ABOUT EXPORT OF GERMAN HEAVY WATER PRODUCTION PLANT FOR TALCHER (ORISSA), INDIA, DESCRIBED PROCESS AS “TWO TEMPERATURE, HYDROGEN-AMMONIA EXCHANGE WITH POTASSIUM AMIDE CATALYST.”
2. “ATOM WIRTSCHAFT” FOR JUNE 1973 GIVES FOLLOWING DATA ABOUT INDIAN HEAVY WATER PLANTS:
A. NANGAL, 14 TONNES/YR., HYDROGEN DISTILLATION, BUILT BY LINDE, IN OPERATION 1962.
B. KOTA, 100 TONNES/YR., WATER-HYDGROGEN SULFIDE EXCHANGE, BUILT BY INDIAN DEPT. OF ATOMIC ENERGY, IN OPERATION 1975
C. BARODA, 67 TONNES/YR., ONE-TEMPERATURE, HYDROGEN-LIMITED OFFICIAL
USE LIMITED OFFICIAL USE
PAGE 02 BONN 16598 221608Z
AMMONIA EXCHANGE, BUILT BY GROUPEMENT EAU LOURDE PROCEDE AMMONIAC (GELPRA), IN OPERATION 1973.
D. TUTICORIN, 71 TONNES/YR., ONE-TEMPERATURE, HYDROGEN- AMMONIA EXCHANGE, BUILT BY GELPRA, IN OPERATION 1974.
E. TALCHER, 63 TONNES/YR.,TWO-TEMPERATURE , HYDROGEN-AMMONIA EXCHANGE, WITH DISTILLATION FOR FINAL ENRICHMENT, BUILT BY FRIEDRICH UHDE, IN OPERATION 1975.
https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1974BONN16598_b.html (The years here don’t always match the NTI info, but are probably more accurate.)
While we were unable to find the French and Swiss members of the Gelpra consortium, most likely the Swiss member was Sulzer, who played an important role in heavy water development processes in France and Argentina. If so, once again we see the fascist ties to nuclear: “Sulzer was blacklisted by the Allies during World War II due to an increase in trade with Axis countries. Sulzer refused to sign an agreement to limit the future sale of marine diesel engines to the Axis countries, and was blacklisted by the Allies as a result“. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulzer_(manufacturer)
“West German Firm Offers Collaboration in Nuclear Power
51500170 Calcutta THE STATESMAN in English 25 Mar 88 p 13
[Article by Aditi Roy Ghatak]
[Text] “We are happy to confirm that Siemens/KWU have offered to the Department of Atomic Energy collaboration in the field of nuclear power plants”, the Siemens India managing director, Mr A. Hoser, told this correspondent on Thursday. He was referring to reports that West Germany has offered its state-of-the-art technology for a 1,000 MW nuclear power plant, manufactured by KWU, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Siemens AG, West Germany…” Read the rest here: JPRS-TND-88-011 3 June 1988, p. 24 http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a345425.pdf (These are news summaries so may not be worded the same as the original articles.)