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The $40 million being given by the US DOE to a US nuclear reactor “start-up” company, X-energy, owned by Iranian Kam Ghaffarian, brings to mind the case of Iranian immigrant Khosrow Semnani and the Envirocare – Clive Radioactive Waste Dump, now owned-managed by former Goldman Sachs Investment Bankers (e.g. David Lockwood, CEO of EnergySolutions; Doug Kimmelman, CEO of EnergyCapital).[a]

In 1996, “Mr. Semnani publicly admitted, in court filings, that he had secretly paid Mr. Anderson hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash, gold coins, and a ski resort condominium. These payments were made by Mr. Semnani to Mr. Anderson during the period in which Mr. Anderson was the chief official responsible for issuing the Envirocare license, granting the Envirocare exemption, and allegedly authorizing disposal of DOE waste at the Clive, Utah site.” (WCS v. DOE, 1997)

Clive Nuclear Waste Dump Looks Like A Radioactive Junkyard, just west of Salt Lake City, Utah
Clive Utah zoom in variety waste
Large Nuclear Components-Metal Parts Energy Solns Clive Utah
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has called for Khosrow B. Semnani, owner of Envirocare of Utah, Inc., to provide it with information concerning his past relationship with Larry F. Anderson, former director of the Utah Division of Radiation Control… You testified in civil proceedings concerning Envirocare, Nuclear Fuel Services v. Khosrow Semnani, et al (No. 970901677CV); Waste Control Specialists v. Envirocare of Texas, et al (No. MO 98 CA 062); and UMETCO Minerals Corporation v. Envirocare of Utah, et al (No. 97 Z 1323), that, in 1987, you filed an application with the Utah Division of Radiation Control for a license permitting the disposal of radioactive material within the State of Utah. You also testified that, beginning in 1987 and continuing through 1995, you made payments of approximately $600,000, in the form of currency, gold coins, funds deposited in a Swiss bank account, and property, to Larry F. Anderson. You testified that although you knew that Mr. Anderson’s requests for the payments were not appropriate, you did not report such payments to any governmental authorities, nor did you file any U.S. Internal Revenue Service Form 1099s for the payments you made to Mr. Anderson.http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/news/1999/99-143.html (Emphasis our own. Entire statement at bottom.)

According to a 1997 complaint filed against the US DOE by competitor Waste Control Specialists, p. 8-9: “26. Each of the documents on which DOE relies,– the disposal license, the exemption, and the letter to Envirocare allegedly authorizing receipt of DOE radioactive waste — were issued by a man named Larry F. Anderson, formerly Utah’s chief nuclear regulatory official at the Bureau of Radiation Control. Mr. Anderson personally signed each document in that official capacity. 27. Mr. Khosrow B. Semnani is the sole shareholder and owner of Envirocare of Utah, Inc., and until recently (as further discussed below) was its chief executive officer, president and chairman of its board of directors. 28. In late 1996, Mr. Semnani publicly admitted, in court filings, that he had secretly paid Mr. Anderson hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash, gold coins, and a ski resort condominium. These payments were made by Mr. Semnani to Mr. Anderson during the period in which Mr. Anderson was the chief official responsible for issuing the Envirocare license, granting the Envirocare exemption, and allegedly authorizing disposal of DOE waste at the Clive, Utah site. Indeed, Mr. Anderson has sued Mr. Semnani , claiming that, when he retired from the Bureau of Radiation Control, Mr. Semnani was somehow contractually obligated to pay Mr. Anderson another $5 million. Far from denying the payments, Mr. Semnani has since countersued Mr. Anderson for extortion.” (From WCS vs. US DOE, Filed Aug. 12, 1997: http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML0301/ML030130135.pdf )

In December 1996, “After a lawsuit revealed the relationship, Semnani admits he made payments to Larry F. Anderson, director of the Utah Bureau of Radiation Control from 1983 until 1993; Semnani claims the piles of $100 bills, gold coins and a Park City condominium were extorted by Anderson… 2001… September – Jurors convict Anderson of cheating on his taxes, but clear him of extortion and misusing his office.” (Emphasis added) From League of Women Voters of Utah, “Political Decisions and Nuclear Waste Storage in Utah“, 2005, time line based on DEQ, Salt Lake Tribune: http://lwvutah.org/Studies/Political%20Decisions%20and%20Nuclear%20Waste%20Storage%20in%20Utah.pdf

Thus it is unclear why Larry Anderson was sent to prison and Khosrow Semnani was not, especially considering that it has been remarked regarding Semnani and Envirocare: “Everywhere you look, it seems like those in a position to decide if Envirocare should be allowed to dump nuclear waste in Utah have accepted money from the company. It first came to light with the declaration by Larry Anderson that he had accepted over $600,000 in cash, gold coins and real estate from Envirocare owner Khosrow Semnani while he was the Director of the Utah Division of Radiation Control (DRC). Anderson was charged with extortion, while Semnani was investigated for bribery. Semnani pled guilty to the most lenient sentence allowed under Federal guidelines and agreed to pay a $100,000 fine. Anderson is now serving a 2 1/2 year jail term.

During the Larry Anderson trial, it was revealed that former Utah Governor Norm Bangerter accepted a $65,000 “personal loan”, State Senator Stephen Rees accepted $108,000, and a member of the DRC Board accepted a personal loan of $15,000. They’re not alone. Governor Mike Leavitt and his campaign funds have accepted over $85,000 from Envirocare in campaign contributions, and many of the Utah legislators have accepted money as well. The former chairman of the Utah DRC Board was hired by Envirocare to head their operations in Texas, and the former Director of the Utah Department of Environmental Quality is now the President for Envirocare.

Having seen that Envirocare had gone to great lengths to grease the skids for legislative and gubernatorial approval, a new group, Utahns for Radioactive Waste Control, was formed to launch a ballot initiative that would prevent Envirocare from accepting higher-levels of radioactive waste. Specifically, it would prevent “Class B & C” waste from being disposed of in Utah. Almost 70,000 petition signatures are needed by June 3, 2002 in order to qualify for the November election.” (emphasis added) From “U.S. nuclear waste: Utahns say “enough is enough“, Nuclear Monitor Issue: #568, 17/05/2002, http://www.wiseinternational.org/nuclear-monitor/568/us-nuclear-waste-utahns-say-enough-enough

Larry F. Anderson Gets Cancer; Pleads for IRS Mercy to No Avail; Lesson for Others: Death and Taxes

From his petition to the US Internal Revenue Service:
Petitioner was, at the time of the hearing in late 2010, 74 years old. He has cancer, heart disease, diabetes, macular degeneration, and all of the complications due to these conditions. According to petitioner’s oncologist, petitioner was first diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1994,… By 2008 … bone scans revealed early metastasis to the bones… In 2001, petitioner was convicted of criminal tax evasion under section 7201 with respect to his 1991 tax year and willfully making false or fraudulent statements under section 7206(1) with respect to his 1992, 1993, and 1994 tax
returns. He was sentenced to 30 months in Federal prison, two years’ probation, and $50,000 in fines that are separate from the liability discussed herein. Petitioner served his prison sentence, and he completed his probationary period in 2006
.” https://www.ustaxcourt.gov/InOpHistoric/AndersonMemo.Wherry.TCM.WPD.pdf This was still in appeals at the end of 2014: https://www.ustaxcourt.gov/InternetOrders/DocumentViewer.aspx?IndexSearchableOrdersID=150139&Todays=Y

Americans appear to be generally at a disadvantage compared to immigrants because bribery is not (yet) a way of life for most of them. (Although legal bribery in the form of campaign donations has become the American way, few have enough extra money to participate.) On the other hand, “According to Transparency International, which publishes the annual Corruption Perception Index, in 2012, Iran was ranked 2.8 out of 10 with a score of rank of 133, tied with Comoros, Guyana, Honduras, Kazakhstan, and Russia. Reformists and conservatives alike – at times even the Supreme Leader. – routinely criticize corruption in the government.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_in_Iran See corruption map compare ranking here: http://www.transparency.org/cpi2015
Waste Control Specialists (WCS) of Texas is widely believed to have come into being due to campaign contributions. The founder is dead, but the radioactive waste dump lives on.

Meanwhile Semnani Lives American Dream (Unlike Many Born American)

For those who missed it, most people aren’t allowed to wander around the earth as they please. (Whether they should be able to, or not, is a different issue.) Thus, when someone appears to just sprout out of nowhere, like Kam Ghaffarian of X-Energy (discussed yesterday) people should wonder, but most don’t from either naivete or political correctness.

At least Semnani appears open about his origins [but is he?], though it took this reporter to elaborate so that it makes sense: “Semnani living American dream“, by Doug Robinson, Deseret News, Thursday, Nov. 7 2002 http://www.deseretnews. com/article/440014760/Semnani-living-American-dream.html?pg=all The article tells us that Semnani went to school for two years in England. He wanted to attend a US university and went to Montreal. He supposedly called his brother asking for money and his brother told him that there was an Iranian professor in Utah, at Brigham Young, who would lend him money. Semnani arrived in Salt Lake City with his German fiance in 1969 to find the professor gone for the summer. It was too late to get into Brigham Young and he didn’t have money for tuition at Westminister College so he talked them into a payment plan and worked as a janitor there, while studying physics and chemistry. He also painted houses and mowed lawns.

A lot of this sounds weird. The latter jobs could be done “under the table”, but how did he work at the college without a work permit? He did still have $47 AFTER he arrived, which was a lot in 1969. He just wandered from Britain to Canada to Utah supposedly with no money and a German fiance! He supposedly made the money he had while working as a waiter and shoe salesman. At least one can find where Semnani was born Iran (Mashaad) and went to school and when he arrived. We cannot find this information about Kam Ghaffarian. Semnani’s roots must be in Semnan, Iran: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semnan_Province

Katharine Biele of CityWeeklyNet, “A Matter of Waste: 
Getting to the bottom of Utah’s most controversial ballot initiative
” (Jun. 11, 2007) tells (was told?) a slightly different story. Which one is true? It states he was born in Semnan, as his name suggests. It also adds that he had married “a German girl he met in England. With a line at the bottom of a congressional bill, then-Sen. Frank Moss made them both U.S. citizens.http://www.cityweekly. net/utah/a-matter-of-waste/Content?oid=2129033 If true, why would Senator Moss make them citizens?

From the US NRC:
No. 99-143
July 12, 1999
NOTE TO EDITORS:  DEMAND FOR INFORMATION FROM OWNER OF ENVIROCARE OF UTAH
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has called for Khosrow B. Semnani, owner of Envirocare of Utah, Inc., to provide it with information concerning his past relationship with Larry F. Anderson, former director of the Utah Division of Radiation Control. NRC is seeking this information to determine whether it should take any action concerning the Envirocare license or Mr. Semnani himself.

The text of NRC’s formal demand for information is attached. Envirocare is a radioactive waste disposal facility near Clive, Utah, about 75 miles west of Salt Lake City. It holds licenses from both the NRC and the State of Utah.
###
UNITED STATES
 NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION
In the Matter of 
Khosrow B. Semnani, Owner 
Envirocare of Utah, Inc.
Docket: No. 40-8989
License No. SMC-1559
EA 99-180
DEMAND FOR INFORMATION
I
Khosrow B. Semnani, is the owner of Envirocare of Utah, Inc. (Envirocare). The corporate headquarters of Envirocare is located in Salt Lake City, Utah. The site itself is located near Clive, Utah, some 75 miles west of Salt Lake City. Envirocare holds License No. SMC-1559, issued by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC or Commission) pursuant to 10 CFR Parts 19, 20, 21, and 40, including Appendix A; 10 CFR Parts 51, and 10 CFR 61.80 and 61.82, as of November 19, 1993. License No. SMC-1559 will expire on November 30, 2003. The license authorizes Envirocare to receive, store, and dispose of uranium and thorium byproduct material (as defined in Section 11e.(2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended) in accordance with the conditions specified therein. Khosrow B. Semnani is identified on the license as the President.
II
From 1980 until June 30, 1988, Larry F. Anderson was the State of Utah Director of the Bureau of Radiation Control. From July 1, 1988, until June 1993, Mr. Anderson was the State of Utah Director of the Division of Radiation Control. In July 1993, Mr. Anderson was replaced as Director of the Division of Radiation Control and remained employed with the State of Utah until his retirement in May 1994. During the period of Mr. Anderson’s term of employment as the Director of the Bureau of Radiation Control and as Director of the Division of Radiation Control, he supervised the activities of those agencies, which activities included the issuance of licenses for the disposition of radioactive material within the State of Utah.

You testified in civil proceedings concerning Envirocare, Nuclear Fuel Services v. Khosrow Semnani, et al (No. 970901677CV); Waste Control Specialists v. Envirocare of Texas, et al (No. MO 98 CA 062); and UMETCO Minerals Corporation v. Envirocare of Utah, et al (No. 97 Z 1323), that, in 1987, you filed an application with the Utah Division of Radiation Control for a license permitting the disposal of radioactive material within the State of Utah. You also testified that, beginning in 1987 and continuing through 1995, you made payments of approximately $600,000, in the form of currency, gold coins, funds deposited in a Swiss bank account, and property, to Larry F. Anderson. You testified that although you knew that Mr. Anderson’s requests for the payments were not appropriate, you did not report such payments to any governmental authorities, nor did you file any U.S. Internal Revenue Service Form 1099s for the payments you made to Mr. Anderson.

On July 31, 1998, you entered into a plea agreement with the United States, in which you agreed to: (1) plead guilty to one count of Title 26 U.S.C. Section 7207 and Title 18 U.S.C. Section 2, involving aiding and abetting Mr. Anderson’s filing of a false Federal tax return (for the year 1993) which did not include $40,000 in income paid by you to Mr. Anderson; (2) pay a $100,000 fine; and (3) cooperate fully with the Department of Justice’s investigation and prosecution of others.

On July 31, 1998, you signed a plea and cooperation agreement (agreement) wherein you admitted aiding and abetting, on or about April 15, 1994, in Mr. Anderson’s filing of a fraudulent 1993 Federal tax return.
The NRC is concerned that your participation in the payment of money and other value to Mr. Anderson, as described above, in connection with Mr. Anderson’s official responsibilities as a State of Utah official over matters subject to an Agreement State program, pursuant to Section 274 of the Atomic Energy Act, a program integrally related to the Federal regulatory process administered by the NRC, raises questions of whether your future involvement in NRC-licensed activities would undermine the NRC’s reasonable assurance of adequate protection of public health, safety, and interest. In particular, the NRC is concerned that you did not take advantage of avenues apparently available to you to prevent, cease, and/or report such payments. This raises concerns that you would engage in similar conduct in connection with NRC-regulated activities. Accordingly, the NRC needs further information to determine whether it should modify, suspend, or revoke, or take other appropriate action, regarding the Envirocare license, or take action to prohibit your involvement in licensed activities.
III
Accordingly, pursuant to Sections 161c, 161o, 182, and 186 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and the Commission’s regulations in 10 CFR 2.204, the Commission needs the following information to determine whether enforcement action should be taken to ensure future compliance with NRC requirements:
* Provide information that demonstrates how, in light of the facts set forth above, you can be relied on to comply with NRC requirements and to provide complete and accurate information to the NRC.
* In addition, respond to the following questions:
* Did you believe the payments to Mr. Anderson to be either inappropriate or illegal?
B. If you believed that such payments were either inappropriate or illegal, why did you not notify either State or Federal authorities?
* With regard to the payments, did you first approach Mr. Anderson or did Mr. Anderson first approach you? Was this contact made before or after October 12, 1987, the date of Envirocare’s submission of the license application to the State of Utah for naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) waste? Was this contact made before the expenditure of money for the purchase of the Envirocare site from Tooele County, Utah? Was this contact made before the expenditure of any money for consultants and other experts assisting Envirocare in the preparation of the NORM-related license application documents?
* Were you ever a member of the Utah Radiation Control Board (Board)?
* If so, during what time period were you a member of the Board?
F. Does the Board have regulatory oversight of Envirocare?
G. If the Board has regulatory oversight of Envirocare, did you, as a member of the Board and as the owner of a company being regulated by the Board, not have the responsibility to report to the Board your payments to Mr. Anderson as either inappropriate or illegal?
* Mr. Anderson retired from the State of Utah in the summer of 1994. When did you make your last payment to him? Why did you not, after Mr. Anderson’s retirement, immediately notify either State or Federal authorities of your payments to Mr. Anderson?
IV
You may provide any other information that you want the NRC to consider, including whether the statements made in Section II are correct. You may respond to this Demand for Information by filing a written answer, under oath or affirmation, or by setting forth your reasons why this Demand for Information should not have been issued, if you do not provide the requested information. The response to this Demand for Information is to be submitted to the Director, Office of Enforcement, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555, within 30 days of the date of this Demand for Information, in writing and under oath or affirmation. Copies also shall be sent to the Assistant General Counsel for Materials Litigation and Enforcement at the same address, and to the Regional Administrator, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Region IV, 611 Ryan Plaza Drive, Suite 400, Arlington, TX 76011.
On review of your answer, or if no answer is filed, the Commission may institute a proceeding pursuant to 10 CFR 2.202 or take such other action as may be necessary to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements, including prohibiting your future involvement in licensed activities. Your response to the Demand for Information will be considered before a decision is made in this matter. However, if no answer is filed, we will proceed on the basis of available information.
If you choose to respond, your response will be placed in the NRC Public Document Room (PDR). Therefore, to the extent possible, it should not include any personal privacy, proprietary, or safeguards information, so that it can be placed in the PDR without redaction. If personal privacy or proprietary information is necessary to provide an acceptable response, then please provide a bracketed copy of your response that identifies the information which should be protected and a redacted copy of your response that deletes such information. If you request withholding of such material, you must specifically identify the portions of your response that you seek to have withheld and provide in detail the bases for your claim of withholding (e.g., explain why the disclosure of information will create an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy or provide the information required by 10 CFR 2.790(b) to support a request for withholding confidential commercial or financial information). If safeguards information is necessary to provide an acceptable response, please provide the level of protection described in 10 CFR 73.21.
FOR THE NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION
/s/
James Lieberman
Director, Office of Enforcement
Dated at Rockville, Maryland
This 12th day of July, 1999
Page Last Reviewed/Updated Thursday, June 04, 2015

http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/news/1999/99-143.html
WHY WAS THIS PAGE REVIEW/UPDATED?

More info on the topic:
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/petitions-2-206/directors-decision/1998/dd-98-09.pdf

UK cracked down on immigration around the time Semnani was there:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_Immigrants_Act_1968
The US put in Post WWI (1914-18) quotas due to influx of immigrants after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire and Russia Revolution . This law was actually more favorable to Latin America and less to the rest of the world. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergency_Quota_Act

In 1965: “The new law replaced the quota system with a preference system that focused on immigrants’ skills and family relationships with citizens or U.S. residents. The bill set numerical restrictions on visas at 170,000 per year, with a per-country-of-origin quota, not including immediate relatives of U.S. citizens or “special immigrants” (including those born in “independent” nations in the Western Hemisphere, former citizens, ministers, and employees of the U.S. governmenthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration_and_Nationality_Act_of_1965 The relatives of US citizens part of the 1965 Act appears to no longer apply to spouses of multigenerational Americans. Terrorists who recently became Americans can get their terrorist wives in, however, as everyone learned last year from the California case.

Note a: The CEO of Energy Solutions since June of 2012 has been David Lockwood who was formerly a Managing Director at Goldman Sachs. Lockwood joined the board of Energy Solutions in November of 2010. The CEO and founder of Energy Capital Partners, Doug Kimmelman, and most of the partners, worked for Goldman Sachs in the past. Doug Kimmelman worked for Goldman Sachs for 22 years.