, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

China, once upon a time a great inventor, follows on the heels of Russia in copying an old, stupid, US invention of a floating nuclear power station. The nuclear industry only recycles the same lethal crap. Nuclear is a dead industry only pumped alive through injection of massive taxpayer funds, worldwide. Clear proof of its death is its lack of innovation. Living industries innovate lest they die. Past time to bury this dead industry, before it buries us all.
Photo of MH-1A Nuclear Power Plant, US Army
Photo of MH-1A Nuclear Power Plant, US Army

“Invented” half a century ago and produced by merchants of death, Martin-Marietta – now Lockheed- Martin for the US Army:
MH-1A was the first floating nuclear power station. Named Sturgis after General Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr., this pressurized water reactor built in a converted Liberty ship was part of a series of reactors in the US Army Nuclear Power Program, which aimed to develop small nuclear reactors to generate electrical and space-heating energy primarily at remote, relatively inaccessible sites. Its designation stood for mobile, high power. After its first criticality in 1967, MH-1A was towed to the Panama Canal Zone that it supplied with 10 MW of electricity from October 1968 to 1975. Its dismantling was started in 2014 and it is anticipated to be completed in under four years… The reactor was built for the U.S. Army by Martin Marietta… Between December 1976 and January 1977, the power barge was towed back to the United States, sustaining storm-related damage so severe that it had to divert to the Military Ocean Terminal at Sunny Point, North Carolina, and undergo temporary structural repairs.“. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MH-1A

The US MH-1A was boat shaped because it was originally a boat: “The MH-1A was designed as a towed craft because it was expected to stay anchored for most of its life, making it uneconomical to keep the ship’s own propulsion system.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MH-1A. The Russian version appears designed as a barge.

Maqueta central nuclear flotante, Felix, CC-BY, Flickr, slightly cropped
Maqueta central nuclear flotante, Felix, CC-BY, Flickr

Floating nuclear power stations are planned to be used mainly in the Russian Arctic. Five of these will be used by Gazprom for offshore oil and gas field development and for operations on the Kola and Yamal peninsulas. Other locations include Dudinka on the Taymyr Peninsula, Vilyuchinsk on the Kamchatka Peninsula and Pevek on the Chukchi Peninsula. In 2007, Rosatom signed an agreement with the Sakha Republic to build a floating plant for its northern parts, using smaller ABV reactors./. According to Rosatom, 15 countries, including China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Algeria, Namibia, Cape Verde and Argentina, have shown interest in hiring such a device.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_floating_nuclear_power_station

This appears to be paid (or ignorant) editing on Wikipedia:
In the event of an accident, terrorist attack, or other calamity, it is essential to keep the core cooled, usually by covering it with water. An emergency measure can be to lower the core into the sea. In the worst case, accidental sinking or intentional scuttling will keep sea water on the core and prevent atmospheric release…

Clearly their intent is to just dump the “problem”of a nuclear accident into the ocean. This idea isn’t so great as they want us to believe: “In a meltdown, a China syndrome accident, the molten mass of what had been the core would burrow into the ground and some of the radioactive material held there. But with a floating nuclear plant, all the molten mass would drop into the water and there would be a steam explosion and the release of a tremendous amount of energy and radioactive material. It would be like a bomb going off,… With a floating nuclear plant you have a mechanism to significantly increase the amount of radioactive material going into the environment,” said Lochbaum, who worked 18 years as an engineer in the nuclear industry and also for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. A large plume of radioactive poisons would be formed and “many more people would be put in harm’s way.” Further, there would be radioactive pollution of the sea, he noted.” (Emphasis our own. Read article here: http://nuclearfreeplanet.org/blogs/counterpunch–karl-grossman-floating-chernobyls.html )

Not to be outdone by Russia’s stupidity: “Chinese oil, nuclear companies to develop floating atomic platforms for offshore drilling http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/01/15/business/chinese-oil-nuclear-companies-develop-floating-atomic-platforms-offshore-drilling/
China to develop small floating nuclear reactors

According to WWF-Panda.org: “The South China Sea and East Indies, east Mediterranean and Black Sea, North Sea and British Isles were found to be dangerous hotspots for accidents involving shipsThe risk to the environment is directly linked to the type and amount of hazardous substances, including oil, being transported and the sensitivity of the marine area where any accident could occurClimate change models show increased storm surges, changing wind and wave patterns and extreme weather events which are likely to exacerbate the risks of foundering leading to potential catastrophic environmental destruction. Fifty per cent of all accidents are caused by foundering, where a boat sinks due to rough weather, leaks or breaking in two.http://wwf.panda.org/?208838/South-China-Sea-Mediterranean-and-North-Sea-are-shipping-accidents-hotspots

The title says it all: “FLOATING NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN RUSSIA: A THREAT TO THE ARCTIC, WORLD OCEANS AND NON-PROLIFERATION TREATYhttp://www.greencross.ch/uploads/media/gc_fnpp_book.pdf

New Orleans, barge in Lower 9th Ward, Photo by Infrogmation, December 2005
New Orleans, barge in Lower 9th Ward, Photo by Infrogmation, December 2005, CC-BY-2.5

Reuters reports:
Barge accidents rise on flood-swollen Mississippi River Posted:Fri, 15 Jan 2016 21:55:59 GMT
CHICAGO (Reuters) – The U.S. Coast Guard temporarily halted shipping traffic on the Mississippi River in New Orleans on Friday after a tow boat struck stationary barges in a fleeting area, marking at least the fifth barge accident this week on the flood-swollen river.

ING 4727 was a barge belonging to Ingram Barge Company that became infamous when it went over or through a levee and landed in a residential neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana during Hurricane Katrina… During and right after the storm, ING 4727 was moved around by currents in the flooded neighborhood, smashing houses and cars beneath it in an area of several city blocks… A week after the storm Army Corps of Engineers project manager Al Naomi gave his preliminary impression, saying, “One would think it’s the barge that did it,” and confirming that the barge striking the floodwalls would have “precipitated a tremendous collapse”….https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ING_4727

Barge accident on Mississippi River causes petrol spill in New Orleans” Ben Myers, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune By Ben Myers, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune
on January 15, 2016 at 4:26 PM, updated January 15, 2016 at 4:28 PM

Barge accidents rise on flood-swollen Mississippi River
in International Shipping News 18/01/2016
The U.S. Coast Guard temporarily halted shipping traffic on the Mississippi River in New Orleans on Friday after a tow boat struck stationary barges in a fleeting area, marking at least the fifth barge accident this week on the flood-swollen river.

State-Level Accident Rates of Surface Freight Transportation: A Reexamination” by C.L. Saricks and M.M. Tompkins*
The Center for Transportation Research, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439, April 1999
Work sponsored by United States Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, under Contract W-31-109-ENG-38 Table 7 gives accidents on US waterways: http://nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nv_sweis/appendixE/Saricks%20and%20Tompkins%201999.pdf


New documents show cost of Russian floating nuclear power plant skyrockets The new cost of building Russia’s floating nuclear power plant (FNPP) the Akademik Lomonosov, has spiked from an original estimate of 9 billion rubles ($140 million) in 2006 to a current 37 billion rubles ($ 740 million) official Russian sources report, citing government documents.” http://bellona.org/news/nuclear-issues/2015-05-new-documents-show-cost-russian-nuclear-power-plant-skyrockets

WWF Summary Report notes “The greatest probability of a shipping accident occurring is when all of the following factors act together:
• Key hotspot locations – Southeast Asia, particularly the Coral Triangle, the east Mediterranean and Black Sea, North Sea and British Isles • Vessels over 10 years old • Poorly performing flag states • Being a general cargo or fishing vessel

Read the document here: http://d2ouvy59p0dg6k.cloudfront.net/downloads/accidents_at_sea_lr_1.pdf
These concerns would clearly apply to nuclear waste transport, as well as floating nuclear power station- stationary or being transported.

Wikipedia:Paid editing (policy). This is a failed proposal. Consensus for its implementation was not established within a reasonable period of time. If you want to revive discussion, please use the talk page or initiate a thread at the village pump.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Paid_editing_(policy)

Model of floating Russian nuclear reactor:
Maqueta central nuclear flotante, by Felix, CC-BY, Flickr, https://www.flickr.com/photos/sucotronic/2645845963

Barge accident Rhine: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/14/world/europe/14iht-germany14.html?_r=0