, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

DoD/NORAD 151202-D-ZZ999-100.JPG
DoD/NORAD 151202-D-ZZ999-100.JPG
A 2015 graphic commemorates the 60th anniversary of the North American Aerospace Defense Command’s work tracking Santa’s Yuletide journey. NORAD graphic

What is NORAD? While it is North American Aerospace Defense Command the name appears chosen to emphasize its role in protecting against nuclear weapons attack during the Cold War:
The North American Aerospace Defense Command conducts aerospace warning, aerospace control and maritime warning in the defense of North America.http://www.norad.mil/AboutNORAD.aspx

Nordic Reindeer remain highly contaminated from above ground nuclear weapons testing, especially Soviet weapons testing, and the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident.

If Santa weren’t given a free pass into airspace could the radioactive reindeer set off false alarms? Is this why the US FDA raised the US radiation in food limit to be 15 times higher than that allowed for the Japanese? Will Santa fly into Japanese airspace? Reindeer are particularly at risk from nuclear fallout because Reindeer love to eat lichens, and lichens are excellent absorbers of radionuclides: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2013/12/25/radioactive-reindeer/ Norway continues to monitor its reindeer for radiation: http://www.environment.no/goals/4.-pollution/goal-4.2/levels-of-selected-radioactive-substances-in-the-environment/slow-decline-of-caesium-137-in-wild-reindeer/

False Alarm from Faulty Computer Chip, Not Santa
During the Cold War, Zbigniew Brzezinski was woken up in the middle of the night. He was national security adviser. He was told the United States was under attack. He got another call and was basically preparing to call President Carter and advise a retaliation. And it turned out that there was a faulty computer chip in the NORAD computers that was saying that Soviet missiles were coming towards the United States, and they weren’t.
Zbigniew Brzezinski Received 3 a.m. Phone Call Warning of Incoming Nuclear Attack Declassified Documents Shed Light on Soviet Diplomatic Reactions and Internal Pentagon Review. Secretary of Defense Advised President Carter that “We Must Be Prepared for the Possibility [of] Another False Alert” but “Human Safeguards” Would Prevent a Crisis“. Read here: http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/nukevault/ebb371/

NORAD Tracks Santa

On Dec. 24, 1955, a call was made to the Continental Air Defense Command (CONAD) Operations Center in Colorado Springs, Colo. However, this call was not from the president or a general. It was from a girl in Colorado Springs who was following the directions in an advertisement printed in the local paper – she wanted to know the whereabouts of Santa Claus.

The ad said “Hey, Kiddies! Call me direct and be sure and dial the correct number.” However, the number was printed incorrectly in the advertisement and rang into the CONAD operations center.

On duty that night was Colonel Harry Shoup, who has come to be known as the “Santa Colonel.”

Colonel Shoup received numerous calls that night and rather than hanging up, he had his operators find the location of Santa Claus and reported it to every child who phoned in that night.

Thus began a tradition carried on by the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) when it was formed in 1958. Today, through satellite systems, high-powered radars and jet fighters, NORAD tracks Santa Claus as he makes his Yuletide journey around the world.

Every Christmas Eve, thousands of volunteers staff telephones and computers to answer calls and e-mails from children (and adults) from around the world. Live updates are provided through the NORAD Tracks Santa Web site (in seven languages), over telephone lines, and by e-mail to keep curious children and their families informed about Santa’s whereabouts and if it’s time to get to bed.

Each year, the NORAD Tracks Santa Web Site receives nearly nine million unique visitors from more than 200 countries and territories around the world. Volunteers receive more than 12,000 e-mails and more than 70,000 calls to the NORAD Tracks Santa hotline from children around the globe.

This year, children and the young-at-heart are able to track Santa through Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Flickr, and TroopTube.tv. To follow us on any of these Web sites, type in @noradsanta into the search engine and start tracking.

NORAD Tracks Santa has become a magical and global phenomenon, delighting generations of families everywhere. For more information about NORAD Tracks Santa, please visit http://www.noradsanta.org For more information about NORAD, please visit http://www.norad.milhttp://www.norad.mil/AboutNORAD/NORADTracksSanta.aspx

While NORAD tracks Santa, AFTAC (Air Force Technical Applications Center) monitors radiation plumes, at least outside of the country.

AFTAC monitors signatory countries’ compliance with the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty. This treaty prohibits nuclear testing anywhere but underground and prohibits the venting of nuclear debris or radiation from those tests into the atmosphere outside the country’s national borders. [Ed. note: It is one world and radiation does not stay within national borders. What a silly statement.]
Over the years, the Air Force tasked the nuclear treaty monitoring center to conduct short-notice collection operations. In April 1986, AFTAC responded to the Ukrainian nuclear accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the former Soviet Union. In total, AFTAC flew 55 sorties compiling 502 flying hours, and AFTAC’s McClellan Central Laboratory processed 354 samples and logged more than 2,500 man-hours.

In October 2006, AFTAC detected an event associated with North Korea’s claim of a nuclear test and later provided verification of the nuclear event to national authorities.

More recently, the center supported Operation Tomodachi, the U.S. government’s response to the 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit Japan in March 2011. The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant experienced a nuclear meltdown in three of the plant’s six nuclear reactors. AFTAC personnel flew nine nuclear debris collection sorties, processing 342 seismic events, and analyzed 660 samples from the affected Pacific peninsula.

Today, AFTAC continues to improve the USAEDS. As the nation’s caretaker of USAEDS, AFTAC works closely with the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization in Vienna, Austria. Together, both parties are significantly improving the International Monitoring System (IMS). In fact, AFTAC now contributes six of its U.S.-based USAEDS seismic monitoring stations to the IMS.http://www.25af.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=10309
Early on the US used airplanes with filters to check for Soviet Nuclear Tests. Someone had to change the filters. We were contacted by an elderly man who changed the filters and got skin cancer from the radiation on his face and other health problems which may be related, and yet the US government-Veterans Administration have given him the run-around for years, like so many other Veterans who were exposed to ionizing radiation during their service to the US and other Nations. They apparently will not declassify his exposure records, which might help him get compensation. See related: http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB7/nsaebb7.htm

NOAA data sets of first rounds of Fukushima Radioactive Plume: http://sos.noaa.gov/Datasets/dataset.php?id=332 (TEPCO continues to vent Fukushima radiation into the environment. Fukushima is ongoing.)

It doesn’t take an official nuclear war. Nuclear reactors legally leak lethal radionuclides into the air and water throughout the entire nuclear fuel chain, even when there is no accident. The Fukushima nuclear accident is ongoing and TEPCO has continued to vent radiation into the environment, by its own admission.

70 Years is Enough Campaign:  Nuclear Energy is Nuclear War Everyday

North American Aerospace Defense Command

The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is a United States and Canada bi-national organization charged with the missions of aerospace warning and aerospace control for North America. Aerospace warning includes the detection, validation, and warning of attack against North America whether by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, through mutual support arrangements with other commands.

Aerospace control includes ensuring air sovereignty and air defense of the airspace of Canada and the United States. The renewal of the NORAD Agreement in May 2006 added a maritime warning mission, which entails a shared awareness and understanding of the activities conducted in U.S. and Canadian maritime approaches, maritime areas and internal waterways.

NORAD Mission

The North American Aerospace Defense Command conducts aerospace warning, aerospace control and maritime warning in the defense of North America.

NORAD Missions

In close collaboration with homeland defense, security, and law enforcement partners, prevent air attacks against North America, safeguard the sovereign airspaces of the United States and Canada by responding to unknown, unwanted, and unauthorized air activity approaching and operating within these airspaces, and provide aerospace and maritime warning for North America.

To accomplish these critically important missions, NORAD continually adjusts its structure to meet the demands of a changing world. The commander is responsible to both the U.S. president and the Canadian prime minister. The commander maintains his headquarters at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. The NORAD and U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) Command Center serves as a central collection and coordination facility for a worldwide system of sensors designed to provide the commander and the leadership of Canada and the U.S. with an accurate picture of any aerospace or maritime threat. Three subordinate regional headquarters, located at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska; Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg, Manitoba; and Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, receive direction from the commander and control air operations within their respective areas of responsibility.

For the aerospace warning mission, the commander of NORAD provides an integrated tactical warning and attack assessment to the governments of Canada and the United States. To accomplish the aerospace control mission, NORAD uses a network of satellites, ground-based radar, airborne radar and fighters to detect, intercept and, if necessary, engage any air-breathing threat to Canada and the United States.” [Ed. note: WHAT IS “ANY AIR-BREATHING THREAT?” Is that a typo or do they monitor for airborne radiation, chemical weapons etc.?] “In conjunction with its aerospace control mission, NORAD assists in the detection and monitoring of aircraft suspected of illegal drug trafficking. This information is passed to civilian law enforcement agencies to help combat the flow of illegal drugs into North America. The Command has developed an initial concept for implementing the new maritime warning mission.

Through outstanding bi-national cooperation, NORAD has proven itself effective in its roles of watching, warning, and responding. NORAD continues to play an important role in the defense of Canada and the U.S by evolving to meet the changing threat. The events of September 11, 2001 demonstrated NORAD’s continued relevance to North American security. Today, NORAD provides civil authorities with a potent military response capability to counter domestic airspace threats should all other methods fail.

While the national leadership of Canada and the U.S. continue to refine our response to the terrorist threat, NORAD’s proven abilities and unique capabilities will remain a vital part of homeland defense.

NORAD Regions

The Alaskan NORAD Region (ANR) conducts airspace control within its area of operations and contributes to NORAD’s aerospace warning mission. With its headquarters located at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, ANR provides an ongoing capability to detect, validate, and warn of any aircraft and/or cruise missile threat in its area of operations that could threaten North American security. ANR is supported by both active duty and Air National Guard units. Both 11th AF and the Canadian Forces provide active duty forces to the Alaskan Air and Space Operations Center. National Guard forces provide manning for the Alaskan Air Defense Sector to maintain continuous surveillance of Alaskan airspace with Alaskan Radar System long and short-range radars.

The Canadian NORAD Region (CANR) is headquartered with the 1 Canadian Air Division in Winnipeg, Manitoba, CANR executes a variety of tasks to defend Canadian airspace, including identifying and tracking all aircraft entering Canadian airspace, exercising operational command and control of all air defense forces in CANR and operations in support of other government departments and agencies. The 1 Canadian Air Division is responsible for providing CANR with combat-ready air forces to meet Canada’s commitment to the defense of North America and maintain the sovereignty of North American airspace. CANR CF-18 Hornet fighter aircraft are on continuous alert to respond to any potential aerial threat to the safety of Canada and Canadians.

The Continental U.S. NORAD Region (CONR) provides airspace surveillance and control and directs air sovereignty activities for the continental United States (CONUS). Co-located with Headquarters First Air Force at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, a Combined Air Operations Center coordinates CONR sector activities and executes the NORAD air sovereignty mission for the continental United States. CONR plans, conducts, controls, and coordinates all Air Force forces for the Commander of NORAD. The best of the US Air Force and Air National Guard fighter inventory, the F-15 Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon and F-22 Raptor, fly as CONR’s primary weapons systems. CONR is presently divided into two defense sectors: the Western Defense Sector, with its headquarters located at McChord Air Force Base, Washington; and the Eastern Defense Sector, with its headquarters located at Rome, New York. Within CONR is the National Capital Region (NCR) in the Washington DC area, which is protected by the NCR Integrated Air Defense System (NCR IADS) consisting of a system of radars, cameras, visual warning system, alert aircraft and Army air defense artillery assets.http://www.norad.mil/AboutNORAD.aspx