Tags

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

A 1987 USDOE Study about Brine (salt water) in WIPP states: “The inflow, coupled with the normally high evaporation rate into the repository atmosphere may cause some stalactites to grow 15 to 30 centimeters per week, but the longer ones are usually quite fragile and break easily under their own weight or in response to vibrations from the underground equipment. As a result, long stalactites are fairly rare except in undisturbed locations(Figure 3-3)(p.17-18: see these pages and more below.) (30 centimeters is 11.8 inches, that is around one foot per week!).

So, for those who thought we were kidding. There you are!
Deal-DOE WIPP 87-008 Stalactite
DOE photo in Deal, 1987, p. 19 (DOE WIPP-87-008). We added color for contrast.

Halite is NaCl-common salt- which is highly reactive with metals, both of the metal barrels and the transuranic metals (e.g. plutonium, americium) found within the metal barrels.

Stalactites, leaks and even roof collapse might be controllable if they would put proper rows and aisles in the WIPP “Facility”, but no, they think they must jam pack the maximum nuclear waste possible into the space. That is dumb. And, WIPP is therefore a DUMP. It’s like cleaning your room by dumping everything into your closet, except this is deadly transuranic nuclear waste. But, what else can be expected from the worse than worthless US DOE lunatics with their squandered taxpayer billions in annual budget – waste and stupidity (no pun intended). And, the salt and corrosion problem just doesn’t go away, anyway you look at it. Plus there is the possibility of sinkhole formation. The Bayou Corne Louisiana Sinkhole is a still-collapsing salt dome. Regardless, WIPP needs to have proper aisles and to be monitored for perpetuity, rather than backfilling and sealing off the rooms.
WIPP DOE Ceiling collapsing cracks uplift
WIPP  15 May 2014 7
DOE-WIPP Photos 2014

There is no good quality image available online of Halite Stalactites, in Creative Commons, except this lovely photo taken in a Polish salt mine.
"The Kunegunda Shaft Bottom in the Wieliczka Salt Mine." 7 February 2005 by Adam Kumiszcza, CC-BY-3.0 via Wikipedia
The Kunegunda Shaft Bottom in the Wieliczka Salt Mine.” Photo by Adam Kumiszcza, 2005, CC-BY-3.0

Cracked Halite salt lamp
cracked halite lamp B

Because it is hard to believe this lunacy, here are screen shots from the lengthy 1987 DOE-WIPP document, of pages dealing with stalactites, plus some on brine and gas (emphasis added):
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories. p. ES 1
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, p. ES2
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, p. ES 3
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories., p. ES 4
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, p. 10
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, p. 17
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, p. 18
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, Appendix B p. 1
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, Appendix B, p. 2
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, Appendix C p. 2

Carlsbad Caverns National Park, nearby WIPP:
Lower Cave Carlsbad Caverns NPS
Lower Cave Carlsbad Caverns, NPS photo

From “Carlsbad Caverns National Park Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2007/003“: “In very late Permian time, as the final suturing of Pangaea took place, the connection to the open ocean became restricted. Evaporation exceeded the inflow of normal marine water so that salinity increased. With increased salinity, life on the reef ceased. Eventually, thick deposits of gypsum that make up the Castile Formation filled the Delaware Basin and covered the reef core.

Water depths continued to decrease and conditions became even more hypersaline as anhydrite, halite (NaCl), sylvite (KCl), and other evaporitic minerals of the Salado Formation were deposited. Commercial deposits of potash minerals have been exploited in these thick, last-stage fillings of the Delaware Basin.” (p. 31) http://www.nature.nps.gov/geology/inventory/publications/reports/cave_gre_rpt_body_print.pdf

Someone needs to whip the US DOE into line over WIPP in particular, and its promotion and handling of nuclear in general (along with the US NRC-EPA), or North Americans will be facing their “Last Supper”.
Last Supper carved in salt in the Wieliczka Salt Mine, photo by Adam Kumiszcza, 2005, CC-BY-3.0
Last Supper carved in salt in the Wieliczka Salt Mine, photo by Adam Kumiszcza, 2005, CC-BY-3.0 See this and read about the Salt Mine here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wieliczka_Salt_Mine It appears clear that Wieliczka would be the place to go on vacation and NOT Carlsbad Caverns, NM, considering WIPP. Sadly, this becomes a self-perpetuating nuclear downward spiral. Once people understand that a tourist site is near a nuclear facility fewer will go. Then, with fewer tourists the dependency on nuclear is reinforced. Wieliczka Salt Mine could be near one of Germany’s two failed salt mine-nuclear waste dumps, we have not checked. One of these failed nuclear waste dumps in salt is aptly named Asse.

Title of Deal (1987) DOE WIPP Document:
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories. http://www.wipp. energy.gov/library/cca/CCA_1996_References/Chapter%202/CREL4538.PDF (Available elsewhere online, as well).
Long version of title: “Waste Isolation Pilot Plant , Compliance Certification Application, Reference 166
Deal, D.E., and J.B. Case. 1987. Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program Phase I Report. DOE-WIPP-87-008. Carlsbad, NM: Sandia National Laboratories. Submitted in accordance with 40 CFR 194.13, Submission of Reference Materials.