common sense, deep geological disposal facility, geological disposal facility, good sense, High Level Nuclear Waste, James Watt, nuclear, nuclear energy, nuclear power, nuclear subs, nuclear waste, nuclear weapons, opting out of nuclear, Scotland, Scottish independence, stop nuclear, UK
Finally! A Country with a Sensible High Level Nuclear Waste Policy! Scotland!
And, the good sense to wish to stop making it and to exit from all things nuclear!
The Scottish Enlightenment was characterized by “rejection of any authority that could not be justified by reason…” Before Scotland became part of the UK: “By the 17th century, Scotland had five universities, compared with England’s two.“
“Policy for higher activity wastes (Scotland)
5.7. Scottish Policy does not accept that it is right to seek to bury nuclear waste in underground sites.
5.8. Scottish policy for waste in Scotland is to support long-term “near surface, near site” storage facilities so that the waste is monitorable and retrievable and the need for transporting it over long distances is minimal.”
“Policy for higher activity wastes (England and Wales) 5.5. “Managing Radioactive Waste Safely – a framework for implementing geological disposal (Cm 7386)” (MRWS) sets out the Government’s framework for managing higher activity radioactive waste in the long-term through geological disposal, coupled with safe and secure interim storage and on-going research and development to support its optimised implementation.” From “MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS AND RADIOACTIVE WASTE ON NUCLEAR LICENSED SITES, Document Type: Nuclear Safety Technical Assessment Guide
Unique Document ID and Revision No: NS-TAST-GD-024 Revision 4, Date Issued: May 2013 Review Date: May 2016” (Emphasis added) http://www.onr.org.uk/operational/tech_asst_guides/ns-tast-gd-024.pdf
Open Government Licence.
Where everyone really risks getting screwed is the so-called “low level” waste.
Can Scotland make its low level standards more strict short of independence?
Can Scotland enforce its higher level waste standard short of independence?
What is defined as “higher activity waste” is probably what’s more than “low level waste”.
1 gigabecquerel =1 000 000 000 becquerels
1 tonne is 1,000 kg
UK “LLW” is now defined as:
“a. radioactive waste having a radioactive content not exceeding four gigabecquerels per tonne (GBq/te) of alpha or 12 GBq/te of beta/gamma activity“. (See document above).
So, “higher” would probably be more than a million becquerels per kg.
Better “good sense” policy was actually the Austrians who voted against opening their already built nuclear power plant specifically because they didn’t know what to do with the waste. Better still was those like Ireland and others who didn’t even construct a nuclear power plant. Ireland fought and liberated itself from the yoke of the British Empire is how it was able to opt out of nuclear.
But, as part of the UK Empire Scotland was not allowed to opt out of nuclear. It probably still will take voting its independence to get rid of all nuclear in Scotland. If lucky, that will mean the end of nuclear in England and Wales too! If the UK gets rid of its nuclear weapons since Scotland doesn’t want them, it could shift the whole world balance away from nuclear!
If Scotland leaves some other parts of the UK may want to go with it. Why not?
Watt “realised that contemporary engine designs wasted a great deal of energy by repeatedly cooling and re-heating the cylinder. Watt introduced a design enhancement, the separate condenser, which avoided this waste of energy and radically improved the power, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of steam engines. Eventually he adapted his engine to produce rotary motion, greatly broadening its use…” Watt “developed the concept of horsepower and the SI unit of power, the watt, was named after him“. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Watt