Tags

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Japan is in the Ring of Fire, the most seismically and volcanically active zone in the world. http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/tectonics.html
In spite of acknowledging the warnings issued by experts that assessments on the effects of volcanoes cannot predict volcanic eruptions, the NRA review is ignoring this fact, thus violating its own Volcanic Effects Assessment Guide“. http://www.nirs.org/fukushima/sendaijointstatement71614.pdf

South Wind, Clear Sky (There is another impression of 凱風快晴, also known as Red Fuji) by Katsushika Hokusai
South Wind, Clear Sky (There is another impression of 凱風快晴, also known as Red Fuji) by Katsushika Hokusai http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirty-six_Views_of_Mount_Fuji
"This dynamic earth: the story of plate tectonics" 1996, Kious, W. Jacquelyne; Tilling, Robert I., USGS Unnumbered Series General Interest Publication
The ‘Ring of Fire’, also called the Circum-Pacific belt, is the zone of earthquakes surrounding the Pacific Ocean- about 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur there. The next most seismic region (5-6% of earthquakes) is the Alpide belt (extends from Mediterranean region, eastward through Turkey, Iran, and northern India.” (“This dynamic earth: the story of plate tectonics” 1996, Kious, W. Jacquelyne; Tilling, Robert I., USGS Unnumbered Series General Interest Publication) http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/7000097 See California, too.

Directions for walking from the Volcano to the Nuclear Power Plant. Distance by air would be less – maybe 60 km (37 miles). According to Reuters, further down, it is 40 to 50 miles (25-31 miles) away. They add that it has five giant calderas, which accounts for the difference in distance.
Sendai Nuclear Power Plant to volcano
Mt. Sakurajima eruption, August 2013 NASA
USGS-NASA image
On August 18, 2013, Mount Sakurajima erupted. The eruption lasted for about 50 minutes, sending ash and smoke across the bay into the city of Kagoshima, which is near the southwestern tip of the island of Kyushu in Japan.

These images, acquired by the Landsat 8 satellite on Monday, August 19, 2013, show the remaining smoke continuing to billow from the volcano. The color image uses Landsat bands 4, 3, and 1 from the Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensor, and has been sharpened with OLI’s panchromatic Band 8 to show more detail…http://eros.usgs.gov/mount-sakurajima-volcano-erupts

Oh, but wait – Here it is in February 2010
Sakurajima Feb 15 2010 NASA
And, August 2010
Sakurajima Aug 19 2010 NASA
In 2010: “By mid-August, Sakurajima Volcano—one of Japan’s most active—had erupted ash at least once every week during 2010. On August 19, 2010, an ash plume was sighted at 9,000 feet (2,700 meters), according to the Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center. This natural-color satellite image shows the gray plume moving west (towards image top) from the volcano’s summit. Simultaneously, a pyroclastic flow descended the eastern slopes.
Although Sakurajima’s activity since 1955 has been characterized by frequent small eruptions, the volcano still poses a danger to the densely-populated surroundings. Roughly 7,000 years ago Sakurajima erupted with a volcanic explosivity index (VEI) of 6, equivalent to the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo
“. (Emphasis added) http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=45388&eocn=image&eoci=morenh

In case you aren’t convinced yet that it is active, here it was in 2009 (Date 3 October 2009, Photo by Krypton, CC-BY-SA-3.0 via Wikipedia)
Sakurajima by Krypton, CC-BY-SA-3.0

Is it really wise to have a nuclear power plant about 60 km (37 miles) or less BY AIR from this volcano?

Japanese regulator approves restart of first nuclear reactors” Posted:Wed, 10 Sep 2014 03:34:30 GMT
TOKYO (Reuters) – Japan’s nuclear regulator gave the go-ahead on Wednesday for the restart of a nuclear power station, the first step to reopening an industry that was mothballed after the Fukushima disaster and which may involve the definitive closure of a dozen old plants
“. http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/Reuters/worldNews/~3/IpegKrR4PuY/story01.htm

Remember that Japan’s population is declining and they are densely populated, so they should more easily be able to shift to alternative energy. Are the Yakuza-Mafia giving leaders offers they can’t refuse, as is allegedly happening to nuclear workers? Die now or die another day? At the behest of the nuclear industry, perhaps?

A landmark case of idiocy is “The Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference”, which was held in Vancouver, BC, Canada from August 24th to 28th, whose goal is to promote nuclear energy in the Pacific Rim, i.e. Ring of Fire, countries! They have been doing this since 1976!

Sendai nuclear reactors are 29 and 30 years old. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sendai_Nuclear_Power_Plant

‘Ring of Fire’ volcano risk the last obstacle for Japan nuclear plants” BY MARI SAITO AND KENTARO HAMADA
TOKYO Wed Jun 4, 2014 7:30am IST
Sendai, at the southern end of the island of Kyushu, is 50 km (31 miles) from Sakurajima, an active volcano. Five giant calderas, crater-like depressions formed by past eruptions, are also in the region, the closest one just 40 km (25 miles) from the Sendai plant
. http://in.reuters.com/article/2014/06/04/japan-nuclear-volcano-idINKBN0EF03K20140604

Like many nuclear plants in Japan, Sendai is close to an active volcano – in this case, Sakurajima, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, and one of the few that are at present in constant (persistent) activity… Ongoing, typical activity ranges from strong strombolian (low-level eruptions) to large ash explosions every 4-24 hours.

The Sakurajima volcano is of major concern to many experts, including vulcanologists, with the threat that in the event of an eruption, it could take out offsite electric power to the plant. The same eruption could clog the air intakes of diesel generators, the only source of ongoing power if the offsite power is taken out of service. A station blackout was what led to the loss of cooling function at Fukushima and the subsequent reactor meltdowns.” Emphasis added, excerpted from: “Back to the future with Japan’s nuclear village” Blogpost by Kazue Suzuki – 16 July, 2014 at 14:32 http://greenpeace.org/international/en/high/news/Blogs/nuclear-reaction/back-to-the-future-with-japans-nuclear-villag/blog/49931/

Joint Statement Protesting Nuclear Regulatory Authorityʼs Draft Approval of Sendai Nuclear Power Plantʼs Conformation to New Nuclear Regulatory Standards, 16 July 2014,
Issued by: The Nuclear Regulation Authority Citizen Watchdog Group and 7 other organizations

Today, the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) issued a draft report on Kyushu Electricʼs Sendai Nuclear Power Plant application for restart, stating the NRAʼs review found the plant conforming to the New Regulatory Standards. We strongly protest this report.

The NRA review to inspect conformation to the New Regulatory Standards does not learn from the lessons of Tokyo Electricʼs Fukushima Daiichi accident, and, for the following reasons it is clearly evident that the situation is far from being able to issue such conformation to New Regulatory Standards.

1. In spite of acknowledging the warnings issued by experts that assessments on the effects of volcanoes cannot predict volcanic eruptions, the NRA review is ignoring this fact, thus violating its own Volcanic Effects Assessment Guide.

– Although Kyushu Electricʼs claim which states that the possibility is extremely small that a gigantic volcanic eruption (caldera eruption) would occur during the operation of the nuclear power plant is not substantiated with sufficient evidence, the NRA, with not a single volcano expert on its committee, without asking the opinion of experts, and with virtually no discussion, allowed this claim to pass.

With volcano experts stating that a huge volcanic eruption (caldera eruption) is difficult to predict, the government admitted the difficulty of being able to predict the extent and timing of such eruptions. Being able to predict the extend of the volcanic eruption and when pyroclastic flow will occur is absolutely necessary because nuclear fuel must be removed from the power plant site beforehand and because this removal takes years to complete. In spite of this, the NRA has only put monitoring in place for now, and has tossed aside this issue as an issue to be handled in the mid-term future“. (Emphasis our own; Read the original and entire list of concerns here: http://www.nirs.org/fukushima/sendaijointstatement71614.pdf
Statement also found here with additional information: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2014/07/20/japan-safety-concerns-re-re-opening-sendai-nuclear-power-station/)

Image by Oghmoir, CC-By-SA-3.0, based on NASA via Wikipedia
Image by Oghmoir, CC-By-SA-3.0, based on NASA via Wikipedia
The island of Japan was separated from mainland Asia by back-arc spreading
The islands of Japan are primarily the result of several large oceanic movements occurring over hundreds of millions of years from the mid-Silurian to the Pleistocene as a result of the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the continental Amurian Plate and Okinawa Plate to the south, and subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate to the north.

Japan was originally attached to the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent. The subducting plates, being deeper than the Eurasian plate, pulled Japan eastward, opening the Sea of Japan around 15 million years ago.[1] The Strait of Tartary and the Korea Strait opened much later.

Japan is situated in a volcanic zone on the Pacific Ring of Fire. Frequent low intensity earth tremors and occasional volcanic activity are felt throughout the islands. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunamis, occur several times a century. The most recent major quakes include the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake and the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995. Hot springs are numerous and have been developed as resorts.” (Emphasis our own) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology_of_Japan

Plate motion based on Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite data from NASA JPL. The vectors show direction and magnitude of motion
Plate motion based on Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite data from NASA JPL. The vectors show direction and magnitude of motion.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plate_tectonics

The Ring of Fire is an area where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. In a 40,000 km (25,000 mi) horseshoe shape, it is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements. It has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes.[1] It is sometimes called the circum-Pacific belt or the circum-Pacific seismic belt.

About 90%[2] of the world’s earthquakes and 81%[3] of the world’s largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire. The next most seismically active region (5–6% of earthquakes and 17% of the world’s largest earthquakes) is the Alpide belt, which extends from Java to Sumatra through the Himalayas, the Mediterranean, and out into the Atlantic. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is the third most prominent earthquake belt.[4][5]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_of_Fire

More on the dangers of reopening Sendai: https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2014/07/20/japan-safety-concerns-re-re-opening-sendai-nuclear-power-station/

The Sea off Satta by  Hiroshige
The Sea off Satta by Hiroshige

Japan’s Fault: The Risks of Mt. Fuji’s Eruption and Nuclear Power” July 31, 2013, by Akio Matsumura
Scientists worry that Mt. Fuji, dormant for 300 years, is showing signs it will erupt in the near future… I am deeply worried about the Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant located in Omaezaki city, Shizuoka Prefecture. On May 6, 2011, Prime Minister Naoto Kan requested the plant be shut down as an earthquake of M8.0 or higher is estimated to be 87 percent likely to hit the area within the next 30 years. As of today, the spent fuel rods should be kept in the pool for another three years or so.http://akiomatsumura.com/2013/07/1550.html

A new massive fault line discovered beneath Mount Fuji” Posted by Chillymanjaro on May 13, 2012 http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2012/05/13/a-new-massive-fault-line-discovered-beneath-mount-fuji/

Indonesia, clearly in the Ring of Fire, as well, has Research Reactors and has been considering nuclear power plants.

Quake of 6.5 magnitude strikes off Indonesia’s Sulawesi: USGS” Posted:Wed, 10 Sep 2014 03:02:45 GMT JAKARTA (Reuters) – An earthquake of 6.5 magnitude struck off Indonesia’s Sulawesi island on Wednesday, the U.S. Geological Survey said (USGS), but there were no immediate reports of casualties or damage. http://feeds.reuters.com/~r/Reuters/worldNews/~3/HmGm29u7xHE/story01.htm

Are earthquakes and volcanic eruptions related?http://www.earthobservatory.sg/faq-on-earth-sciences/are-earthquakes-and-volcanic-eruptions-related-0

NOT ONLY DO NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS ALONG THE RING OF FIRE NEED TO BE SHUT DOWN, BUT THE SPENT FUEL MUST BE PROPERLY SECURED, AS WELL.

IT IS UNCLEAR IF THE EARTH CAN SURVIVE ANOTHER FUKUSHIMA (if it survives Fukushima). BETWEEN THE CALIFORNIA NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS (DIABLO CANYON) AND SPENT FUEL POOLS (DIABLO CANYON AND SAN ONOFRE); JAPANESE NUKES; ALONG WITH THOSE NEAR THE RHEINGRABEN FAULT, ALONG THE FRENCH-GERMAN-SWISS BORDER, WE LIVE ON BORROWED TIME.