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Satellite image map of Mayak
The Mayak plant was built in 1945–48, in a great hurry and in total secrecy, as part of the Soviet Union’s atomic bomb project. The plant’s original mission was to make, refine, and machine plutonium for weapons. Five nuclear reactors were built for this purpose. Later the plant came to specialize in reprocessing spent nuclear fuel from nuclear reactors, and plutonium from decommissioned weapons. Today the plant makes tritium and radioisotopes, but no plutonium. In recent years, proposals that the plant reprocess, for money, waste from foreign nuclear reactors have given rise to controversy. In the early years of its operation, the Mayak plant released quantities of radioactively contaminated water into several small lakes near the plant, and into the Techa river, whose waters ultimately flow into the Ob River…

The Mayak Production Association (Russian: Производственное объединение «Маяк», from Маяк ‘lighthouse’) is an industrial complex which is one of the biggest nuclear facilities in the Russian Federation. It housed plutonium production reactors and a reprocessing plant. Located 150 km south-east of Ekaterinburg between the towns of Kasli and Tatysh 72 km northwest of Chelyabinsk, the closest city to the nuclear complex is Ozyorsk, the central administrative territorial district. As part of the Russian nuclear weapon program, Mayak was formerly known as Chelyabinsk-40 and later as Chelyabinsk-65 after the postal codes of the site.[1]

In 1957 Mayak was the site of the Kyshtym disaster, one of the worst nuclear accidents in history, when the explosion of a poorly maintained storage tank released 50-100 tonnes of high-level radioactive waste, contaminating a huge territory in the eastern Urals and causing numerous deaths and injuries from radiation poisoning. The Soviet regime kept this accident secret for about 30 years. The event was eventually rated at 6 on the seven-level INES scale, third in severity only to the disasters at Chernobyl in Ukraine and Fukushima in Japan.

Working conditions at Mayak, and a lack of environmental responsibility in the past, led to additional contamination of the surrounding lake district and severe health hazards and accidents. Some areas are still under restricted access because of radiation. In the past 45 years, about 400,000 people in the region have been irradiated in one or more of the incidents.[2]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayak

Goldman, 1995, p. 34
Goldman, 1995, p. 35 (half page)
Goldman, 1995, p. 45Goldman, 1995, p. 46Goldman, 1995, p. 47

Goldman, 1995, p. 48

While surprisingly honest in spots, in the above pages of this interview with Dr. Goldman, Ph.D., he recognizes the dangers of radioactive strontium and radio-iodine contamination, but appears to underplay or forget the other, more long-lived radionuclides, like plutonium. Obviously, it was not just the workers who were exposed to the plutonium. The regular people were exposed to more than just strontium in Russia and more than just radio-iodine in the Marshall Islands. Additionally, it was not just Strontium experiments which were done on Beagle dogs. Plutonium experiments were also done on Beagle dogs.

Furthermore, we see a hint of the fact that these people take themselves for gods. He would deny it, but it is there. He says if we can’t ask God for compensation, then we can’t ask the nuclear industry! But, God didn’t make these new, dangerous, radionuclides and they add onto any natural background radiation. God also didn’t tell us to dig up uranium or thorium from the ground. Additionally, the DNA DOES know the difference between cosmic radiation and internal, powerful, alpha radiation! Plus, it’s not one or the other, it is additive, and there is no safe dose. Goldman says:
If you got dosed, your molecules [were] disturbed, therefore you were harmed, therefore we pay. We would pay in proportion to dose and you don’t have to show anything clinical[, but] I think that’s ludicrous. It’s not acceptable, because I could demand that God give me money for the disturbance of my DNA from cosmic radiation. It’s no different-my DNA doesn’t know one ionization from another…” Goldman, 1995, p. 35) Unfortunately his arrogant illogic is why many victims of the nuclear age, including elderly Atomic veterans have to fight every step of the way to get their compensation.

He also describes the Hippocratic oath as an “obstacle” to the radiation experiment project:
The obstacle on this [(the radiation experiment project)] is that in those days, the Hippocratic oath still existed–oh, and I’m hearing, ‘Oh you knew about the Nuremberg trials,’ and ‘We had these Nuremberg laws and you can’t do [certain] things.’ But the Nuremberg laws [as I under-stand them] were specifically to prohibit you doing things that [harmed] people, not to prevent people from doing things that were scientifically important in which there might [unknowingly] be a minor risk which you couldn’t define. 178 In medical research that is often the case” (Goldman, 1995, p. 50)
From “Human Radiation Studies: Remembering the Early Years,Oral History of Radiation Biologist Marvin Goldman, Ph.D., Conducted December 22, 1994,
United States Department of Energy Office of Human Radiation Experiments September 1995

Important Points to Remember

In rhetoric and ethics, two wrongs make a right and two wrongs don’t make a right are phrases that denote philosophical norms. ‘Two wrongs make a right’ is a fallacy of relevance, in which an allegation of wrongdoing is countered with a similar allegation. Its antithesis, ‘two wrongs don’t make a right’, is a proverb used to rebuke or renounce wrongful conduct as a response to another’s transgressionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_wrongs_make_a_right

In other words, one country or leader doing something bad, does not justify another country or leader doing something bad too. And, if one country or person is, or was, less bad, than the other, it doesn’t make the less bad country or person necessarily “good”. There is not only “two wrongs don’t make a right”, but also there is “bad and worse”. Just because “worse” is more bad than “bad”, doesn’t make “bad” good. Also, just because your own country does something bad doesn’t mean that another country may not be worse! Another fallacy is “my enemy’s enemy is my friend”. No, your enemy’s enemy may also be an enemy. Nuclear ambitions tend to be aligned with Imperial ambitions. And, there are multiple countries who have been Empires and would like to be Empires again. To imagine otherwise is, in and of itself, arrogant and ethnocentric.
[Those that have ears let them hear!]

Some Research Papers Relating to Mayak

Complex Chromosome Aberrations Persist in Individuals Many Years After Occupational Exposure to Densely Ionizing Radiation: An mFISH Study“, By M. Prakash Hande,Tamara V. Azizova, Ludmilla E. Burak, Valentin F. Khokhryakov, Charles R. Geard, and David J. Brenner, “Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer”, 44:1–9 (2005) The original may be found here: http://www.columbia.edu/~djb3/papers/gcc1.pdf

Long-Term Hemopoiesis and Immunity Status after Chronic Radiation Exposure of Red Bone Marrow in Humans“. By Alexander V. Akleyev, Galina A. Veremeyeva, Larisa A. Silkina and Alexander V. Vozilova, Urals Research Center for Radiation Medicine, Chelyabinsk, Russia, Immunity, CEJOEM 1999 5(2):113-129 http://www.omfi.hu/cejoem/Volume5/Vol5No2/Ce992-02.htm

Effect of Health on Systemic Distribution and on Urinary Excretion of Plutonium in Workers Exposed by Inhalation at Radiochemical Plants
By Ron E. Filipy*, Klara G. Suslova, and Valentin F. Khokhoryakov
*United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries, Washington State University, Richland, Washington 99352; Branch No. 1. SRC RF Institute of Biophysics, Ozyorskoe shosse 19, Ozyorsk, Russia 456780 http://www.ustur.wsu. edu/publications/Files_Abstracts/Abstracts00/USTUR-0162-00.pdf