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In the US, a great deal was already known about the dangers of nuclear by 1947. They had already tortured plenty of humans and animals both experimentally and with the dropping of nuclear bombs. They knew that most radioactive elements were toxic, both chemically and from the ionizing radiation. They knew radioactive elements had a negative impact on the immune system, and caused cancer. They knew that some radioactive elements deposited themselves in the bones, and had a pernicious impact on the bone marrow. They knew that there were risks to air, soil and water. They knew that there were genetic effects and effects on the nervous system. They knew of impacts to the kidneys and of the injurious impacts on blood vessels. They knew that plutonium lodged in the lungs. They knew that radiation caused “protein degradation“. They knew this and more. They referred to “To the known deleterious effect of radiation on the animal organism“.

The dangers were known. The dangers were clear. They appear to simply have wanted to do research to show the details of the danger and to come up with magical remedies, which have not been discovered yet. As they noted: “Information concerning the method of production of these injurious effects in body tissues is almost completely lacking. No methods are available which might stop or delay the development of radiation injuries.” Why? Because, as they so clearly explain it: “Such problems relate to the fundamental nature of living matter” Bingo! That was and still is the problem. Radioactive elements destroy the fundamental basis of life. They knew that in 1947. They should have stopped then.

It is interesting that scientists knew that radiation caused cancer in 1947. They only wanted to know how it caused cancer. It was reported that “Close cooperation with the National Institute of Health and the National Cancer Institute has been set-up.” Now, everyone pretends that they do not know the cause of cancer. But in 1947 US governmental scientists knew what caused it. How did everyone suddenly forget?

What they knew was outlined in the “Report of the 23-24 January 1947 Meeting of the Interim Medical Committee, US Atomic Energy Commission” by Stafford Warren, MD, which we have placed at the bottom of this post.

So the continuation of nuclear research, and nuclear power, etc., has been worse than making people (and animals) jump off cliffs for 70 years, just to prove that gravity exists. More than sufficient research had already been done by 1947, and that research was inhumane; further research was both inhumane and senseless.

In the end isn’t it sufficient to know that nuclear power-radioactive elements are simply too dangerous? Why continue to make more people and animals suffer and die? Because they can? It makes them feel like gods to wield the power of life and death over others? Are they so curious? Curiosity killed the cat, as the saying goes. It has also killed Beagle dogs, human beings, and more. Were, and are, the nuclear “scientists”/nuclear lobby evil incarnate? Were and are they “mad scientists” and mad-men? How much longer will we let the nuclear industry and its mad scientists continue? And, the related nuclear weapons? Until everything on earth perishes? Enough was already known by 1947, and really well before, because the impacts of xrays and radium were known well before.

When looking at the expenses for nuclear research laid out by the US in 1947, it is important to know that the US Median family income was about $3,000 in 1947. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/popscan/p60-043.pdf How much of the nuclear folly is about research monies?

Prior to 1947, there had already been Nazi-like experiments, in the US, in which people in hospitals were injected with plutonium, without their consent. The first person known to have been injected with plutonium was on April 10, 1945. He was a 55 year old Tennessee man who had broken some bones in an auto accident and was just in the wrong hospital (Manhattan Project Army Hospital in Oak Ridge) at the wrong time (two weeks after a meeting on the topic). He was not asked. http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/pubs/00326640.pdf

The studies also showed that plutonium was similar to radium in being a bone seeker, but only a little more than half of what was retained went to the bone, compared to 99 per cent for radium. Also, the two metals deposited at different locations. Radium (similar, chemically, to calcium) deposited in mineralized bone, whereas plutonium remained on the surface in the ‘actively metabolizing’ portion of the bone, an area intimately associated with bone marrow and the production of blood cells. (However, because plutonium deposits on the endosteal surfaces of the red marrow and the alpha particles have a limited range, the blood-forming tissue is not irradiated uniformly.)” (p. 188) From: Los Alamos Science, No. 23, 1995, RADIATION PROTECTION AND THE HUMAN RADIATION EXPERIMENTS: “The Human Plutonium Injection Experiments,” by William Moss and Roger Eckhardt (note these authors did NOT do the research but are only discussing it). (bold added) http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/pubs/00326640.pdf

According to Moss and Eckhardt, 1995, p. 190, this project was suggested to Oppenheimer by Hempelmann on 16 August 1944, almost one year before Hiroshima-Nagasaki (August 1945), less than a year before Germany surrendered (April 1945). This is a clear example of becoming like those you are trying to fight by using their techniques. This was Nazi techniques. We are living in the legacy of this …WE ARE STILL ALL NUCLEAR GUINEA PIGS OF IGNORANT AND/OR EVIL PEOPLE. In all true religions we are to respect the earth and its creatures – in some religions as caregivers, in some as part of creation. We are responsible for the plants and animals, who are utterly helpless when confronted with the nuclear age.
Human Plutonium Injection Expts, US, 1940s, west
Human plutonium injection expts, US, 1940s, east
According to James F . McInroy, 1995, retired from Los Alamos, these injections showed that plutonium behaves somewhat differently in humans than in rats:
Excretion data were collected from all subjects following injection of plutonium into the bloodstream, and small tissue specimens from those subjects who were terminally ill were analyzed for plutonium following their death. A number of important observations followed: 1) there were no major differences between humans and the common laboratory animals in the distribution in tissues with the exception of liver; 2) the liver of humans contained 20 to 40 per cent of the total amount retained versus 10 per cent or less for rats when both received the same plutonium-citrate complex; 3) the retention half-time in liver was greater in humans; 4) the retention half-time for whole body in humans was much longer than in laboratory animals; and 5) the excretion pattern in humans was different, especially that a much lower fraction was eliminated in human feces compared to animal feces.” (p. 236)

A summary of 35 years of autopsies done at Los Alamos indicated that:
the major deposition sites” were “the lungs and associated lymph nodes, the liver, and the skeleton. These three organs contain about 90 per cent or more of the retained plutonium. Determining the lung, and liver content is straight forward, since these organs are easily obtained at autopsy and are small enough to be analyzed in total.

The skeletal content is much more difficult to determine, but is a critical measurement since about half of the systemic burden (internal to the body and exclusive of the lungs) is in the skeleton….unlike radium, which is distributed somewhat uniformly throughout the bone mineral, plutonium is deposited on the bone surface…. Red marrow is the site for the production of the red blood cells and the granular leukocytes. It is found in the spongy portions of the flat and short bones, the ends of the long bones, the ribs, sternum, and vertebral bodies…Because plutonium deposits on the bone surfaces, and spongy bone has a high surface area, the distribution of plutonium within a bone is proportional to the distribution of the spongy bone. Figure 3, showing the distribution of plutonium in the large thigh bone called the femur, illustrates this very well. Most of the plutonium is located at the two ends of the femur, which contain most of the spongy tissue.
Los Alamos Sci, no 23, 1995, Pu of femur
Given this pattern of deposition, the primary carcinogenic risk from plutonium in the skeleton is associated with the hematopoietic stem cells (blood-forming cells) of the bone marrow, which fills the spongy structure, and osteoblasts (bone-forming cells) close to the bone surfaces. Plutonium in or near the bone marrow might lead to leukemia, where-as plutonium on the bone surface might lead to osteosarcoma.
” (p. 242-243)

The data also show that liver concentrations increase slightly with age and skeletal concentrations decrease. Evidently, as time passes a remobilization of the bone mineral releases plutonium from the skeleton, which then deposits in the liver” (p. 248) Los Alamos Science No. 23, 1995 RADIATION PROTECTION AND THE HUMAN RADIATION EXPERIMENTS “A True Measure of Exposure, the human tissue analysis program at Los Alamos” by James F . McInroy (bold added for emphasis) http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/pubs/00326640.pdf

Almost 70 years later, Mark Jensen, 2012, of Argonne National Laboratory, et.al. found that Plutonium can enter cells on tranferrin, but only if it travels along with iron. The authors tell us (Fe is iron and Pu is plutonium):
Organisms have no natural mechanism for specifically recognizing plutonium (Pu) as it is a non-essential element that until 1941 only existed on earth in biologically insignificant concentrations for at least the last two billion years.” Furthermore plutonium (Pu) is radiotoxic “and is strongly retained by organisms1, Pu uptake from an accident, environmental contamination, or a nuclear or radiological attack can pose significant health risks. Plutonium localizes principally in the liver and skeleton in humans where it remains for decades2. It associates in vivo with the iron-containing proteins serum transferrin and ferritin3,…Transferrin functions to strongly bind and carry two Fe3+ ions into cells, but it also binds Pu4+ strongly12” Article found here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3462652/

Had the nuclear madness been stopped in 1947, or before, the above research would not have been needed. Why do we need research when we have known, for so long, that the nuclear industry is so dangerous?

Notice the role of Monsanto, below, in this and so many bad things: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monsanto

A different version of the document below is found here: http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/radiation/dir/mstreet/commeet/meet3/brief3.gfr/tab_f/br3f1h.txt The text is more clear but missing parts. The red and yellow below was added by us, and is not in the original.
ARC 1947 p. 1ARC 1947 p. 2ARC 1947 p. 3ARC 1947 p. 4ARC 1947 p. 5
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